||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (January 2010)|
|Named for||Jean Baptiste Richardville|
|• Total||0.81 sq mi (2.10 km2)|
|• Land||0.81 sq mi (2.10 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||843 ft (257 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||1,096|
|• Density||1,350.6/sq mi (521.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0442420|
The town was named for Jean Baptiste de Richardville (whose father's surname was Richerville), a Miami chief of French-Miami descent who had relations with the United States government in treaty making in the early nineteenth century. Through the French pronunciation of "Ri-shar-ville," the name was gradually corrupted and changed to the current spelling; it has been pronounced "Roo-sha-ville" through much of its history.
The apparent association with Russia led to the town high school's naming its athletic teams the “Cossacks” until 1949, when county consolidation changed Russiaville High School to Western High School. Some theorize an alternate history, that during the Cold War, residents consciously changed the pronunciation of Russiaville's name in order to disassociate their town from Russia, the leading state of the Soviet Union. A map from the 1840s–1850s in the Quaker Collection of Earlham College in Richmond, Indiana, clearly shows a county named Richardville, and a town Richardville, at the site of present-day Russiaville. Some local history has suggested "Rouchardville" as the earlier spelling, but Richardville is correct.
Organized in 1844, the area was first named Richardville County in honor of the Miami chief Jean Baptiste Richardville who signed early treaties with the United States government. His Miami name was Pe-che-wa, meaning “Wildcat”. The Wildcat Creek watershed includes most of present-day Howard and Clinton counties, and the creek was named for him. The county was later renamed after a European-American settler.
Another chief of the Miami, She-Moc-E-Nish, was granted the Anthony Wayne flag, also known as the Greenville Treaty flag. It was passed down to French-Indian descendants in the Aveline family. They eventually intermarried with one of the earliest Honey Creek Township European-American families. The Evans family is linked to both the Thomases and the Brubakers, all of whom have lands within the Wildcat Creek watershed dating back to the times of the earliest European-American settlements. A history of this flag can be seen at the Indiana Historical Bureau
As stated on the Honey Creek Township entry, "Honey Creek was organized in 1841 as a township in the northeastern corner of neighboring Clinton County. The township's early population tended to be politically Republican, so the Republican party in Howard County and the Democrats in Clinton County collaborated to have Honey Creek Township removed from Clinton and added in 1850 to Howard."
Russiaville became a Quaker settlement in the years before the Civil War. They created a stop on the Underground Railroad for fugitive slaves in the antebellum years in nearby New London, then the site of the Friends Meeting serving the entire area. A local legend tells that the stop included a tunnel under New London from a safe house to a cave in the hollow of Honey Creek, near the location of the Friends Meetinghouse.
Almost all of the town was destroyed on April 11, 1965, by an F4 tornado, which was part of the Palm Sunday Tornado Outbreak. With rebuilding, the town had a population of 1,094 at the 2010 census.
Russiaville is located at .(40.418852, -86.272010)
According to the 2010 census, the town has a total area of 0.81 square miles (2.1 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,094 people, 434 households, and 307 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,350.6 inhabitants per square mile (521.5 /km2). There were 486 housing units at an average density of 600.0 per square mile (231.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.6% White, 0.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.
There were 434 households of which 39.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.3% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.06.
The median age in the town was 37.1 years. 27.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.8% were from 25 to 44; 25.1% were from 45 to 64; and 12.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,092 people, 425 households, and 317 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,361.4 people per square mile (527.0/km²). There were 446 housing units at an average density of 556.0 per square mile (215.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.08% White, 0.09% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.27% from other races, and 0.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.28% of the population.
There were 425 households out of which 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.2% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the town the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $40,875, and the median income for a family was $46,094. Males had a median income of $38,833 versus $25,875 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,804. About 4.4% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.
Western High School competes in the Mid-Indiana Conference (MIC) for athletics.
- First Baptist Church
- Honeycreek Missionary Baptist Church
- Lynn Friends Church
- Main Street Christian Church
- New London Friends Church
- Russiaville Friends Church
- Russiaville United Methodist Church
- First Methodist Church of Cthulu
Some local businesses in Russiaville are: Martin Bros. Appliances, NAPA Auto Parts, Waddells IGA, The Rose Garden flower shop, Subway, Pizza King, Gambino's Pizza, a doctor's office, Stout and Sons Funeral Service and Furniture Store, a Phillip's 66 convenience store, a Petro Plus service station, and an ice cream parlor, bear cavalery training center and a traditional Russian liquor distillery.
- Western Union, Western High School student newspaper
- Western Days: Friday, Saturday and Sunday immediately following Memorial Day
- Koh-Koh-Mah & Foster Living History Encampment, mid-September
Movies filmed in Russiaville
Town Council Mark Fulk, President Jeff Lipinski, Vice President Don Parvin, Counil Member Cynthia Aeschliman, Council Member Robert Hewitt, Council Member
Town Attorney, King & Scott LLP Clerk Treasurer, Linda Downey
Regular Town Council Meetings are held monthly on the third Monday of each month.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Greenville Treaty Flag", Indiana History
- "Maxwell Auto" Clan Maxwell USA
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Indiana". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-04-21.