Russo-Persian Wars

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The Russo-Persian Wars were a series of wars fought between the Russian Empire and Persia between the 17th and 19th centuries, the most important of which were:

List of conflicts[edit]

Name Result
1 Russo-Persian War (1651-1653) No clear territorial changes, but Persia gains more influence in the North Caucasus[1]
2 Russo-Persian War (1722–23) Russia gains possession of Derbent, Baku, and the provinces of Gilan, Shirvan, Mazandaran, and Astrabad, but returns all territories to Persia 9 years later.[2]
3 Russo-Persian War (1796) Russian withdrawal.
4 Russo-Persian War (1804–13) Russian victory. Treaty of Gulistan[3]
5 Russo-Persian War (1826–28) Russia loses and then retakes disputed areas. Treaty of Turkmenchay[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Alexander Mikaberidze, Conflict and Conquest in the Islamic World: A Historical Encyclopedia, Vol. I, ed. Alexander Mikaberidze, (ABC-CLIO, 2011), 850.
  3. ^ Treaty of Gulistan, Wars and Peace Treaties:1816 to 1891, (Routledge, 1992), 67.
  4. ^ Zirisnky, M. “Reza Shah’s abrogation of capitulation, 1927-1928” in The Making of Modern Iran: State and Society Under Riza Shah 1921-1941. , Stephanie Cronin (ed.) London: Routledge, 2003, p. 81, : “The context of this regime capitulations, of course, is that by the end of the reign of Fath Ali Shah (1798-1834), Iran could no longer defend its independence against the west. .. For Iran this was a time of weakness, humiliation and soul-searching as Iranians sought to assert their dignity against overwhelming pressure from the expansionist west."
  • Бабулин И.Б. Русско-иранский военный конфликт 1651-1653 гг.//«Рейтар» № 31, 2006