Russo-Persian Wars

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The Russo-Persian Wars were a series of wars fought between the Russian Empire and Persia between the 17th and 19th centuries, the most important of which were:

List of conflicts[edit]

Name Result
1 Russo-Persian War (1651–53) Persian strategic victory. Safavids gain more influence in the North Caucasus
2 Russo-Persian War (1722–23) Russia gains possession of Derbent, Baku, and the provinces of Shirvan, Gilan, Mazandaran, and Astrabad, but returns all territories to Persia 9 years later.[1]
3 Russo-Persian War (1796) Russian withdrawal. Stalemate
4 Russo-Persian War (1804–13) Russian victory. Treaty of Gulistan[2] Persia cedes what is now Georgia, Dagestan, most of Azerbaijan, and parts of northern Armenia to Russia.[3]
5 Russo-Persian War (1826–28) Russia loses and then retakes disputed areas. Treaty of Turkmenchay[4] Persia cedes Eastern Armenia, Nakhchivan, the remaining parts of what is now Azerbaijan, and Iğdır to Russia.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Alexander Mikaberidze, Conflict and Conquest in the Islamic World: A Historical Encyclopedia, Vol. I, ed. Alexander Mikaberidze, (ABC-CLIO, 2011), 850.
  2. ^ Treaty of Gulistan, Wars and Peace Treaties: 1816 to 1891, (Routledge, 1992), 67.
  3. ^ "Russia at War: From the Mongol Conquest to Afghanistan, Chechnya, and Beyond ...". Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  4. ^ Zirisnky, M. "Reza Shah's abrogation of capitulation, 1927-1928" in The Making of Modern Iran: State and Society Under Riza Shah 1921–1941, Stephanie Cronin (ed.) London: Routledge, 2003, p. 81: "The context of this regime capitulations, of course, is that by the end of the reign of Fath Ali Shah (1798–1834), Iran could no longer defend its independence against the west. ... For Iran this was a time of weakness, humiliation and soul-searching as Iranians sought to assert their dignity against overwhelming pressure from the expansionist west."
  5. ^ "Russia at War: From the Mongol Conquest to Afghanistan, Chechnya, and Beyond ...". Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  • Бабулин И.Б. Русско-иранский военный конфликт 1651-1653 гг.//«Рейтар» № 31, 2006