Russula vesca

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Russula vesca
Russ.ves.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Homobasidiomycetae
Subclass: Hymenomycetes
Order: Russulales
Family: Russulaceae
Genus: Russula
Species: R. vesca
Binomial name
Russula vesca
Fr.
Russula vesca
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium

cap is convex

or flat
hymenium is free
stipe is bare
spore print is white
ecology is mycorrhizal
edibility: edible

Russula vesca, known by the common names of bare-toothed Russula or the flirt, is a basidiomycete mushroom of the genus Russula.

Taxonomy[edit]

Russula vesca was described, and named by the eminent Swedish mycologist Elias Magnus Fries (1794–1878). The specific epithet is the feminine of the Latin adjective vescus, meaning "edible".[1]

Description[edit]

The skin of the cap typically does not reach the margins (resulting in the common names). The cap is 5–10 cm wide,flat, convex, or with slightly depressed centre, weakly sticky, colour brownish to dark brick-red. Taste mild. Gills close apart, white. The stipe narrows toward the base, 2–7 cm long, 1.5–2.5 cm wide, white. It turns deep salmon when rubbed with iron salts (Ferrous sulfate).[2] The spore print is white.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Russula vesca appears in summer or autumn, and grows primarily in deciduous forests in Europe, and North America.[3]

Edibility[edit]

Russula vesca is considered edible and good, with a mild nutty flavour. In Russia and Finland it is considered entirely edible even in the raw state.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nilson S & Persson O (1977). Fungi of Northern Europe 2: Gill-Fungi. Penguin. p. 120. ISBN 0-14-063006-6. 
  2. ^ Roger Phillips (2006). Mushrooms. Pan MacMillan. ISBN 0-330-44237-6. 
  3. ^ David Arora (1986). Mushrooms Demystified. Ten Speed Press. ISBN 0-89815-169-4. 
  • "Danske storsvampe. Basidiesvampe" [a key to Danish basidiomycetes] J.H. Petersen and J. Vesterholt eds. Gyldendal. Viborg, Denmark, 1990. ISBN 87-01-09932-9

External links[edit]