Ruth Hale (feminist)

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Hale in 1921

Ruth Hale (1887 – September 18, 1934) was a freelance writer who worked for women's rights in New York City, USA, during the era before and after World War I. She was married to journalist Heywood Broun and was an associate of the Algonquin Round Table.

Hale was a founder of the Lucy Stone League, an organization whose motto was "My name is the symbol for my identity and must not be lost." Hale's cause led her to fight for women to be able to legally preserve their maiden name after marriage. She challenged in the courts any government edict that would not recognize a married woman by the name she chose to use.

Early life[edit]

Hale was born in Rogersville, Tennessee, USA in 1887. At age 13 she entered the Hollins Institute (today Hollins University) in Roanoke, Virginia. Three years later she left to attend Drexel Academy of Fine Art (today Drexel University) in Philadelphia, where she studied painting and sculpture, but writing was her true calling.

Career in journalism[edit]

When Hale was 18 she became a journalist in Washington, DC, writing for the Hearst syndicate. She was a sought-after writer and socialite, and attended parties at the White House when President Woodrow Wilson was in office. She worked at the Washington Post until she went back to Philadelphia to become drama critic for the Philadelphia Public Ledger. Hale also dabbled in sports writing, which was uncommon for women to do at the time.

Hale moved to New York City about 1915 and became a feature writer for The New York Times, Vogue and Vanity Fair. Hale also did a bit of acting as well, appearing on Broadway three times in her life.[1]

Marriage and family[edit]

Hale was introduced to Heywood Broun, a popular newspaper columnist and sportswriter, at a New York Giants baseball game at the Polo Grounds. They were married on 6 June 1917. When Broun was sent to France to report on the war, Hale went with him, writing for the Paris edition of the Chicago Tribune.

In 1918 Hale gave birth to her only child, Heywood Hale Broun, in New York City.

Women's rights activism[edit]

Early in 1921 Hale took a stand with the U.S. State Department, demanding that she be issued a passport as "Ruth Hale", not as "Mrs. Heywood Broun". The government refused; no woman had been given a passport with her maiden name to that time. She was unable to cut through the red tape, and the government issued her passport reading "Ruth Hale, also known as Mrs. Heywood Broun." She refused to accept the passport, and cancelled her trip to France, as did her husband.

In May 1921 Hale was believed to be the first married woman to be issued a real estate deed in her own name, for an apartment house on Manhattan’s Upper West Side. Not long afterward, she was chosen to be president of the Lucy Stone League, a group based on Lucy Stone's decision to keep her maiden name after marriage. The group also chose Rose Falls Bres to serve as their legal counsel. Mrs. Bres, soon to be named president of the National Association of Women Lawyers, had been Hale's lawyer during her battle with the State Department. Heywood Broun was among the men present, and supported his wife in her endeavors. Other Lucy Stoners were Jane Grant, wife of Harold Ross, the founder of The New Yorker, and Beatrice Kaufman, wife of playwright George S. Kaufman.

Hale and Broun bought a farm in Stamford, Connecticut, but resided in separate homes. She started to spend more time on women’s rights causes and less time on journalism.

In August 1927, Hale took a leading role in protesting the executions of anarchists and accused murderers Sacco and Vanzetti. She traveled to Boston as part of the defense committee, along with Dorothy Parker and John Dos Passos. The men were put to death over their fierce protests. The campaign had a galvanizing effect on her, leading her to fight against capital punishment.

Later life and death[edit]

While Hale was intelligent, fearless, and honest, she was frustrated throughout her life by her physical unattactiveness and her too-earnest, often hectoring style. The writer and lawyer Newman Levy, a longtime friend of Hale's and Broun's, recalled a bitter exchange between Hale and an unidentified person. Adversary: "The trouble with you, Ruth, is that you have no sense of humor." Hale: "Thank God I am not cursed with the albatross of a sense of humor."[2]

During the 1920s and 1930s, Hale continued to write, reviewed books for the Brooklyn Eagle, and also worked as a theatrical press agent. She was a leading figure in New York’s writer’s community, and, along with her husband, she was an associate of the Algonquin Round Table at the Algonquin Hotel.

Hale and Broun were quietly divorced in Mexico, in November 1933, although the two remained close and continued to reside on the same property in Connecticut.

Ten months later, in September 1934, Hale came down with an intestinal fever at her home in Stamford. Broun rushed his former wife to Doctor's Hospital on the Upper East Side of Manhattan, but it was too late. She died on September 18 at age 47. She was buried in Rogersville, TN.

Film portrayal[edit]

Hale was portrayed by the actress Jane Adams in the 1994 film Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ruth Hale at the Internet Broadway Database
  2. ^ Levy, Newman (1958). My Double Life: Adventures in Law and Letters. Garden City, N. Y.: Doubleday. p. 191. 
  3. ^ Internet Movie Database entry for Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle

Bibliography[edit]

  • Dale Kramer, Heywood Broun, a Biographical Portrait, New York: Current Books, 1949.
  • Heywood Hale Broun, Whose Little Boy Are You? New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1983.
  • The New York Times, "Ruth Hale is Dead; Feminist Leader", September 19, 1934, page 19.
  • "The New York Times", "Wives Debate Rights to Maiden Name", May 18, 1921, page 27.

External links[edit]