Dr Ruth Scurr (born 1971, London) is a British writer, historian and literary critic. She teaches history and politics at Cambridge University, where she is a Lecturer and Fellow of Gonville & Caius College. She was educated at St Bernard's Convent, Slough; Oxford University, Cambridge University and the Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris. She won a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship in 2000.
Her first book, Fatal Purity: Robespierre and the French Revolution (Chatto & Windus, 2006; Metropolitan Books, 2006) won the Franco-British Society Literary Prize (2006), was shortlisted for the Duff Cooper Prize (2006), long-listed for the Samuel Johnson Prize (2007) and was listed among the 100 Best Books of the Decade in The Times in 2009.  It has been translated into five languages.
Scurr began reviewing regularly for The Times and The Times Literary Supplement in 1997.  Since then she has also written for The Daily Telegraph,  The Observer, New Statesman,  The London Review of Books,  The New York Review of Books, The Nation,  The New York Observer, The Guardian  and The Wall Street Journal.
Scurr is a lecturer in the Department of Politics at Cambridge University, and Director of Studies in Human, Social and Political Sciences for Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge where she has been a Fellow since 2006. Her research interests include: 17th and 18th century history of ideas; biographical, autobiographical and life writing; the British and French Enlightenments; the French Revolution; Revolutionary Memoir; early Feminist Political Thought; and contemporary fiction in English.
- Fatal Purity – Robespierre and the French Revolution (Chatto and Windus, 2006; Metropolitan Books, 2006)
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- Ruth Scurr (15 June 2007). "Ruth Scurr". The Times. Retrieved 30 December 2010.