Ruth VanSickle Ford
|Ruth VanSickle Ford|
August 8, 1897
|Died||April 18, 1989
|Education||Chicago Academy of Fine Arts, Carl Newland Werntz, John F. Carlson, George Bellows|
|Known for||Painting, educator|
|Spouse(s)||Albert (Sam) Ford|
Ruth VanSickle Ford (August 8, 1897 – April 18, 1989) was an American painter, art teacher, and owner of the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts. She credited artists George Bellows, who influenced her interest in social realism, and John Carlson, who founded the School of Landscape Painting in Woodstock, New York, with helping her to develop her talent. She traveled and made paintings in the United States, Caribbean and South America. An award-winner, her works are in many permanent public and private collections. A book has been written about her entitled Warm Light, Cool Shadows: The Life and Art of Ruth VanSickle Ford.
Personal life and education
Ruth VanSickle was born August 8, 1897 in Aurora, Illinois to Charles P. VanSickle and Anna Miller, who had immigrated from Germany in 1879. The VanSickles, who owned the restaurant The Rookery, were married about 1891. She was an only child and grew up on the west side of Aurora, Illinois. VanSickle attended West Aurora High School. After high school graduation in 1915, she enrolled at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts, where she studied under Carl Newland Werntz and graduated in 1918. VanSickle was a classmate of Walt Disney, with whom she stayed in contact after school. She continued studying art and credited the influences of teachers John Carlson, founder of the School of Landscape Painting in Woodstock, New York, and social realist George Bellows. She also studied at the Art Students League, Chicago and the New York Art Students League summer school.
She married civil engineer Albert (Sam) Ford in 1918 in a military ceremony in Houston, Texas. After the wedding he departed for service in the First World War. In 1918 Ruth traveled while pregnant to visit a relative in Utah and gave birth while on the trip to their only child, Barbara. After the war, the Fords settled in Aurora. Barbara graduated from West Aurora High School in 1936 and attended Wellesley College.
Ford did not consider herself a feminist, but believed that "if a woman has the desire to do something, she should do it." She used the name Ruth VanSickle Ford, when it was unusual to maintain the maiden surname, because she would often get notes intended for Ruth Ford, a local strip-tease artist.
In 1949, the Fords hired architect Bruce Goff, an instructor at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts, to design and construct a house generally known as "Round House" at 404 South Edgelawn Avenue on Aurora's west side. Said to be modeled after a Tibetan nomad tent, it was also known as the Umbrella House, Mushroom House and Coal House and attracted curiosity-seekers. It was a balloon-like structure with walls made of coal and chunks of colored glass that had an open interior floor plan. In April 1951 it was described as a "Hollywood fantasy" and a "fine spangling lustrous toy" by the Architectural Forum magazine.
Tired of the attention that their home received, in 1961 they sold both house and moved to a conventional ranch house a few blocks away. Sam Ford died in 1984. Ruth VanSickle Ford died April 18, 1989, aged 91. A collection of her papers, photographs, letters, and other archived material was donated by her daughter, Barbara Turner, is held at the Archives of American Art.
Ford worked first as a commercial artist. She was chosen to exhibit in the 1921 American Show at the Art Institute of Chicago. She exhibited her work throughout the United States and the Caribbean islands, garnering numerous awards, including some very prestigious gold and silver medals. Her watercolors and oils are to be found in many museums and private collections, including the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. Her works were exhibited in 1933 to 1934 at the Art Institute of Chicago's "Century of Progress" show.
Ford traveled to particularly colorful places like Bermuda, Haiti, Mexico and places within the United States to make some of her favorite paintings. Since her husband did not enjoy traveling, she went by herself or with her daughter. In Haiti her work was exhibited at the National Museum of Art, Haiti; She was the first person outside of the country to exhibit there.
She made portraits of adults and children, still lifes, cityscapes, landscapes and paintings of everyday country and urban life. Ford had studio space at Tree Studios in Chicago, as did John W. Norton and Albin Polasek. In 1947 an exhibition was held at the Grand Central Art Galleries entitled Watercolors of Mexico by Ruth Van Sickle Ford.
In 1921 and again in 1930 Ruth began teaching at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts. In 1937 she purchased the school with money borrowed from friends during the Great Depression and became its President and Director. She continued to teach watercolor and oil painting. She commuted from Aurora to Chicago every weekday, working from early morning and into the evening. For many years the school was located on the 12th floor of 18 South Michigan Avenue. She wrote at length about her theories of art education, including her statement that an art school graduate "should certainly be able to forge ahead with confidence, enthusiasm and a business-like application of his art training." Some of her most famous Chicago students were political cartoonist Bill Mauldin. She lived her intention to make art and art education affordable.
In 1961 she sold the academy and began teaching classes at the local YMCA. From 1964 to 1973 taught at Aurora College, now Aurora University. The college awarded her an honorary doctorate in 1974.
- 1931 - Fine Arts Building Prize, Annual Exhibition of Works by Chicago and Vicinity Artists, AIC
- 1934 - Connecticut Academy of Fine Arts, 1934
- 1935 - Chicago Woman's Aid Club Prize, Annual Exhibition of Works by Chicago and Vicinity Artists, AIC
- 1964 - Women's Gold Medallion, Palette and Chisel Academy of Fine Art
- 2002 - Fox Valley Arts Hall of Fame, Illinois, charter inductee
She became the first woman member from Illinois of the American Watercolor Society in 1954 and the first woman member of the Palette and Chisel Academy of Fine Art in 1960. She was also a member of the American Artist Professional League, the Chicago Painters and Sculptors Association, the National Association of Women Artists, the Philadelphia Watercolor Club and the Chicago Society of Artists, Inc.
She helped found the Chicago Women's Salon.
Her work is in the collections of the:
- Jo Fredell Higgins. Legendary Locals of Aurora. Arcadia Publishing; 2012. ISBN 978-1-4671-0035-9. p. 38.
- Ruth VanSickle Ford. Illinois Women Artists. Bradley University. Retrieved February 1, 2014.
- Ruth VanSickle Ford. Fox Valley Arts Hall of Fame. Retrieved February 1, 2014.
- 1910 census for Aurora Ward 1, Kane, Illinois; Roll: T624_296; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 0018; FHL microfilm: 1374309. Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910 (NARA microfilm publication T624, 1,178 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
- Kenan Heise. "Painter Ruth Van Sickle Ford, 91". Chicago Tribune. April 22, 1989. Retrieved February 1, 2014.
- Neal Gabler. Walt Disney. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group; 31 October 2006. ISBN 978-0-307-26596-8. p. 650.
- Mary Clark Ormond, Aurora Historical Society. "Take a Tour of Unique Round House in Aurora." Daily Herald, Arlington Heights, IL. Paddock Publications, Inc. June 8, 2013. Accessed via HighBeam Research, a subscription required service. February 1, 2014
- Joseph Giovannini. Materializing the Immaterial: The Architecture of Wallace Cunningham. Yale University Press; 2006. ISBN 0-9749565-2-X. p. 19–20.
- Van Sickle Ford At Home. The LIFE Picture Collection. January 1, 1951. Retrieved February 1, 2014.
- Julie Decker; Chris Chiei. Quonset Hut: Metal Living for a Modern Age. Springer; 1 January 2005. ISBN 978-1-56898-654-8. p. 96.
- Ruth Van Sickle Ford papers, 1924-1986. Archives of American Art. Retrieved February 1, 2014.
- Nancy Smith Hopp. Excerpt of Warm Light, Cool Shadows: The Life and Art of Ruth VanSickle Ford". www.ruthvansickleford.com/ Retrieved February 1, 2014.
- Time Out. Time Out Chicago. Time Out Guides Limited; 2009. ISBN 978-1-84670-138-2. p. 75.
- Ruth van Sickle Ford; Grand Central Art Galleries; Pomona College (Claremont, Calif.). Watercolors of Mexico by Ruth Van Sickle Ford. Grand Central Art Galleries; 1947.
- Benjie Hughes. "The best Aurora had to offer." The Beacon News - Aurora, Illinois. Sun-Times News Group. March 10, 2002. Accessed via HighBeam Research, a subscription required service. February 1, 2014
- American Biographical Institute. The Directory of distinguished Americans. American Biographical Institute; 1982. ISBN 978-0-934544-21-4. p. 147.
- American Biographical Institute. Two thousand notable Americans. American Biographical Institute; 1983. ISBN 978-0-934544-23-8. p. 198.
- American federation of arts; R.R. Bowker company. Who's who in American art, 1973: a biographical directory. Jaques Cattell Press/R.R. Bowker; 1973. ISBN 978-0-8352-0611-2. p. 236.
- Nancy Smith Hopp. Warm Light, Cool Shadows: The Life and Art of Ruth Van Sickle Ford. Pen Works Press; 2011. ISBN 978-0-6153-9521-0.
- Rima Lunin Schultz; Adele Hast. Women Building Chicago 1790-1990: A Biographical Dictionary. Indiana University Press; 1 May 2001. ISBN 978-0-253-33852-5.
- Who's who in American Art. R. R. Bowker.; 1984. ISBN 978-0-8352-1878-8. p. 297.