Ruth Graves Wakefield

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Ruth Graves Wakefield
Ruth Graves Wakefield.jpeg
Born (1903-06-17)June 17, 1903
East Walpole, MA
Died January 10, 1977(1977-01-10) (aged 73)
Plymouth, MA
Cooking style American
Education Framingham State Normal School Department of Household Arts

Ruth Graves Wakefield (June 17, 1903 – January 10, 1977) was the inventor of the Toll House Cookie, the first chocolate chip cookie, which she created circa 1938.

Early Life and Business[edit]

Wakefield was educated at Framingham State Normal School Department of Household Arts in 1924. Then, she worked as a dietitian and lectured about foods. In 1930, she and her husband Kenneth Donald Wakefield (1897-1997) bought a tourist lodge (the Toll House Inn) in the town of Whitman, Massachusetts in Plymouth County. Located about halfway between Boston and New Bedford, it was a place where passengers had historically paid a toll, changed horses and ate home-cooked meals. When the Wakefields opened their business, they named the establishment the Toll House Inn. Ruth cooked and served all the food and soon gained local fame for her desserts. The restaurant had many visitors, including Massachusetts' Senator John F. Kennedy. Her chocolate chip cookies soon became very popular.[1][2] She invented chocolate chip cookies around 1938.[3]

Wakefield stated that she deliberately invented the cookie. She said, "We had been serving a thin butterscotch nut cookie with ice cream. Everybody seemed to love it, but I was trying to give them something different. So I came up with Toll House cookie."[4]

Wakefield wrote a cookbook, Toll House Tried and True Recipes,[5] that went through 39 printings starting in 1930.[6] The 1938 edition of the cookbook was the first to include the recipe for a chocolate chip cookie, the "Toll House Chocolate Crunch Cookie".[4]

Wakefield gave Nestlé the right to use her cookie recipe and the Toll House name for one dollar.[7] Nestlé began marketing chocolate chips to be used especially for cookies.

Wakefield died following a long illness in Jordan Hospital in Plymouth, Massachusetts.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Toll House Cookie History – Invention of Toll House Cookies". Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  2. ^ "Ruth Wakefield: Chocolate Chip Cookie Inventor". Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  3. ^ Steave Annear (Sep. 27, 2013). "The Chocolate Chip Cookie is Turning 75-Years-Old". Boston Magazine. Retrieved Mar. 21, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Carolyn Wyman (2013). The Great American Chocolate Chip Cookie Book: Scrumptious Recipes & Fabled History From Toll House to Cookie Cake Pie. Countryman Press. p. 23. Retrieved Mar. 21, 2014. 
  5. ^ Toll House Tried and True Recipes, 1940. Retrieved May 3, 2012.
  6. ^ "Inventor of the Week Archive: Chocolate Chip Cookie". Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  7. ^ Carolyn Wyman (2013). The Great American Chocolate Chip Cookie Book: Scrumptious Recipes & Fabled History From Toll House to Cookie Cake Pie. Countryman Press. p. 28. Retrieved Mar. 21, 2014. 
  8. ^ Staff report (January 11, 1977). Ruth Wakefield, at 73; created toll house cookie. Boston Globe

External links[edit]