Rutherford County, Tennessee

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Rutherford County, Tennessee
Rutherford county courthouse 9736.JPG
Seal of Rutherford County, Tennessee
Seal
Map of Tennessee highlighting Rutherford County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded October 25, 1803
Named for Griffith Rutherford[1]
Seat Murfreesboro
Largest city Murfreesboro
Area
 • Total 624 sq mi (1,616 km2)
 • Land 618 sq mi (1,600 km2)
 • Water 5 sq mi (13 km2), 0.81%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 274,454
 • Density 420.8/sq mi (162/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.rutherfordcountytn.gov

Rutherford County is a county located in the State of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 262,604,[2] making it the fifth most populous county in Tennessee Its county seat is Murfreesboro[3], which is also the geographic center of Tennessee, as well as the center of population of Tennessee.[4] The county is included in the Nashville-DavidsonMurfreesboroFranklin Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Rutherford County was formed in 1803 from parts of Davidson, Williamson and Wilson counties,[1] and named in honor of Griffith Rutherford (1721–1805).[5] Rutherford was a North Carolina colonial legislator and an American Revolutionary War general who settled in Middle Tennessee after the Revolution and was appointed President of the Council of the Southwest Territory (the upper chamber of the territorial legislature) in 1794.[6]

Rutherford County strongly supported the Confederacy during the Civil War, having voted 2,392 to 73 in favor of Tennessee's Ordinance of Secession on June 8, 1861.[7] Rutherford County's central location and proximity to Nashville during the Civil War made it a contested area.[8] The county was home to one of the bloodiest battles of the war, the Battle of Stones River which was fought between December 31, 1861, and January 2, 1862. On July 13, 1862, Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest conducted a series of operations in the county known as Forrest's Raid, the raid successfully led to the surrender of Union forces occupying the area.[9] Soon after, however, Union troops retook the region and remained there until the end of the war.

Rutherford County is an outlying part of metropolitan Nashville. Since 1970 its population has been increasing rapidly as Nashville becomes a true metropolis. The rate of growth accelerated in the 1990s and continued at a brisk pace into the first decade of the 21st century.

Geography[edit]

Sunset in Murfreesboro

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 624 square miles (1,620 km2), of which 619 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 5 square miles (13 km2) (0.8%) is water.[10]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

State protected areas[edit]

  • Flat Rock Cedar Glades and Barrens State Natural Area
  • Gattinger's Cedar Glade and Barrens State Natural Area (part)
  • Long Hunter State Park (part)
  • Manus Road Cedar Glade State Natural Area
  • Overbridge State Natural Area
  • Percy Priest Wildlife Management Area (part)
  • Elsie Quarterman Cedar Glade State Natural Area
  • Fate Sanders Barrens State Natural Area
  • Sunnybell Cedar Glade State Natural Area
  • Stones River Cedar Glade and Barrens State Natural Area
  • Walterhill Floodplain State Natural Area

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 10,265
1820 19,552 90.5%
1830 26,134 33.7%
1840 24,280 −7.1%
1850 29,122 19.9%
1860 27,918 −4.1%
1870 33,289 19.2%
1880 36,741 10.4%
1890 35,097 −4.5%
1900 33,543 −4.4%
1910 33,199 −1.0%
1920 33,059 −0.4%
1930 32,286 −2.3%
1940 33,604 4.1%
1950 40,696 21.1%
1960 52,368 28.7%
1970 59,428 13.5%
1980 84,058 41.4%
1990 118,570 41.1%
2000 182,023 53.5%
2010 262,604 44.3%
Est. 2012 274,454 4.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
2012 Estimate[2]
Age pyramid, Rutherford County.[12]

As of the 2000 census, there were 182,023 people, 66,443 households, and 47,440 families residing in the county. The population density was 294 people per square mile (114/km²). There were 70,616 housing units at an average density of 114 per square mile (44/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.73% White, 9.51% Black or African American, 1.90% Asian, 0.29% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.32% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. 2.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2000 there were 66,443 households out of which 37.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 20.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 13.20% from 18 to 24, 33.50% from 25 to 44, 19.40% from 45 to 64, and 7.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $46,312, and the median income for a family was $53,553. Males had a median income of $36,788 versus $26,555 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,938. About 5.80% of families and 9.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.50% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over.

The 2010 census put the population of Rutherford County at 262,604. This represents a greater than 40% population growth since the 2000 U.S. Census. As of 2009, it was estimated that the minority fraction of the population had grown to almost 20% of the total, with Hispanic population at 5.58%, African American population at 12.09%, and Asian population at 2.66% of the total.[13]

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Economy[edit]

The top employers (over 500 employees) in the county are listed below. Rutherford County government and schools also employ 5,665 individuals.[14]

Murfreesboro[edit]

Middle Tennessee State University: 2,225
City of Murfreesboro: 1,913
State Farm Insurance: 1,662
Alvin C. York Veterans Administration Medical Center: 1,461
Verizon: 1,079
Amazon.com: 1,050
Bridgestone: 900

Smyrna[edit]

Nissan Motor Company: 6,050[15]:270
Asurion: 1,165
Vi-Jon (personal care products): 737
Stonecrest Medical Center (hospital): 550

The county is also home to Barrett Firearms Manufacturing, a General Mills production facility, and a Whirlpool Corporation plant.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Caneta Skelley Hankins, "Rutherford County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 22 March 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Population and Population Centers by State: 2000 from the U.S. Census website
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Geological Survey Bulletin, no. 258 (2nd ed.). Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. p. 268. OCLC 1156805. 
  6. ^ Garrett, William Robertson; Goodpasture, Albert Virgil (1900). History of Tennessee: Its People and Its Institutions. Nashville, TN: Brandon Printing. p. 339. OCLC 1986075. 
  7. ^ Jones, Shirley Ferris (May 29, 2012). "Merry Month of May". The Murfreesboro Post via Rutherford County Historical Society. Retrieved June 17, 2013. 
  8. ^ "A History of Rutherford County, Tennessee". Rutherford County Historical Society. Retrieved June 17, 2013. 
  9. ^ "CWSAC Battle Summaries: Murfreesboro". National Park Service. Retrieved June 17, 2013. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  12. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  13. ^ Rutherford County Pop-Facts: Demographic Snapshot Report from the Rutherford Chamber of Commerce
  14. ^ City of Murfreesboro CAFR
  15. ^ 2012 Rutherford County CAFR

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 35°50′N 86°25′W / 35.84°N 86.42°W / 35.84; -86.42