Rutland, New York
|Rutland, New York|
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Gary Eddy (R)|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||45.4 sq mi (117.6 km2)|
|• Land||45.2 sq mi (117.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)|
|Elevation||978 ft (298 m)|
|• Density||67.8/sq mi (26.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0979444|
Prehistoric remains are evidence of an original early native population. The first modern settlement took place near Rutland Center around 1799.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 45.4 square miles (118 km2), of which, 45.2 square miles (117 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (0.44%) is water.
Part of the south town line is the county line of Lewis County.
The Black River defines part of the north town line.
The community of Black River set itself apart from Rutland (and the Town of Le Ray) by incorporating as a village in 1891.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,959 people, 1,097 households, and 840 families residing in the town. The population density was 65.5 people per square mile (25.3/km²). There were 1,178 housing units at an average density of 26.1 per square mile (10.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.34% White, 1.49% African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.84% from other races, and 1.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.82% of the population.
There were 1,097 households out of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.1% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.4% were non-families. 17.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 102.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $36,417, and the median income for a family was $38,906. Males had a median income of $30,040 versus $21,450 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,919. About 10.3% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.7% of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Rutland
- Black River – Part of the Village of Black River is by the north town line and the Black River. It was once called "Lockport."
- Felts Mills – A hamlet by the north town line and the Black River. A mill was built in 1800, establishing the community.
- Harpers Ferry – A hamlet on NY-126 at County Road 163, east of Rutland Center.
- Rutland Center – A hamlet on NY-126.
- Rutland Hollow – A shallow valley in the northwest part of the town.
- Rutland Lake – A small lake neart Rutland Center.
- Sandy Creek – A stream flowing through the south part of Rutland.
- Tylerville – A hamlet in the south part of town at the junction of County Roads 69 and 161. The community dates from about 1805 and was originally called "South Rutland."
- Underwood Hill – An elevation in the southwest corner of Rutland.