Rutul people

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Rutuls
МыхIадыбыр, Mykhiadybyr
Rutulka v trad odej2.jpg
Total population
97 500[citation needed]
Regions with significant populations
 Dagestan ( Russia) 35,240 (2010)[1]
 Azerbaijan 17 000 (~2000)[2]
 Ukraine 137 (2001)[3]
 Georgia 103 (1989)[4]
Languages
Rutul
Religion
Sunni Islam

Rutuls (мыхIадабыр in Rutul, рутульцы in Russian) are an ethnic group in Dagestan (Russia) and some parts of Azerbaijan. According to the 2010 Russian Census, there were 35,240 Rutuls in Russia.[1] In 1989 Soviet Census in Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan SSR then) there were 336 Rutuls.[5] The Rutul language is a member of the Northeast Caucasian language family; its speakers often have a good command of Azeri and Russian, as Rutul was not a written language until 1990. The Rutul culture is close to that of the Tsakhur and other peoples who inhabit the basin of the upper reaches of the Samur River. Most of the Rutuls are engaged in cattle breeding (mostly sheep husbandry), farming, and gardening.

Religion[edit]

The Rutuls adhere to Sunni Islam. The earliest attempts of Arabs to affirm as Dagestan concern the 7th century, and in Rutul's territory they made the greatest success. The earliest monument of Muslim culture testifies to it on caucasus - a tombstone of Sheikh Magomeda-ibn-Asada-ibn-Mugal, buried in Khnov in 675 d.C.[clarification needed] About early Islamisation of Rutuls the earliest testify also in mountains of Dagestan monuments building epygraphic, found in some Rutul villages. It is a stone in a wall of a building of a mosque of settlement village Luchek on which the chronograph text in the Arabian language is cut, Islam carrying the statement here to 128 of Hijra, that is 745-746. Other stone with the chronograph text has remained in a settlement Ihrek mosque of Ihrek, in it is spoken «about restoration of the destroyed mosque in 407 of Hijra»

Famous people[edit]

  • Gasret Aliev - the Hero of Soviet Union, the 1st secretary of the CPSU in Rutul 1957-1961, the resident of village Hin, the participant of the World War II.

Science[edit]

  • Saeed Efendi I (v. Shinaz, 13th century, dynasty of Saeedar) - the medieval philosopher, rhetoric, the physicist, the astronomer, the poet. It had been opened in village Shinaz medieval university, an observatory and library. Last scientist from this dynasty Ismail Efendi have buried in 1929.
  • Verdiev Mikail Gadjimagomedovich - Heads physics chair at the Dagestan State technical university (since July, 2004), the senior lecturer of engineering science, the professor, the full member of the International academy the Colds (M.O.V.E.), the Deserved inventor of the Russian Federation and Republic of Dagestan.
  • Musaev Gamzat Magomedsaidovich - the senior lecturer of chair of history of Dagestan State University.

Other scientists[edit]

Sports[edit]

Rutuls in Turkey[edit]

  • İbrahim Şinasi I (19th century) - the large military leader of Turkey. Was lost under Shumla.
  • İbrahim Şinasi (junior) - after study in France began to let out the most popular newspaper in Turkey «Gyasfiru efkyar» («the Image of thoughts»). Şinasi has taken a great interest in reform of Turkish language, creation of the present Turkish literature and achieved, that books wrote not for the elite, and for the people. Besides, Şinasi with Namik Kemal was engaged in reform of a state system of Turkey and became the founder of tanzimat, continued by Atatürk in 1918-1919.

Rutuls in Syria[edit]

Culture. Art[edit]

  • Kur Radjab Ihrekdy - the classic of rutul poetry which verses sing till now poets of Dagestan and Azerbaijan. His used huge popularity in second half XVIII - the beginning of 19th centuries in Dagestan and Azerbaijan.
  • Hazarchi - the national poet (first half of the 20th century)
  • Gadzhiev - the national poet (first half of the 20th century)
  • Jamiseb Sallarov - the national poet (first half of the 20th century)
  • Samed - the national poet (first half of the 20th century)
  • Nurahmed Ramazanov - the national poet (first half of the 20th century)
  • Gerei Fezli - the poet.
  • Ismail Dagestanly - the honoured artist of the USSR, the winner of the Lenin award.
  • Yosoof Ihrekdy - the writer, the poet. Creativity - 1960-1990
  • Shafi Amsarsdy - the poet and the composer. Creativity - 1960-1990
  • Kavha (Abdulmanaf) Vurushdy - the poet, the writer, the composer. Creativity - 1960-1990
  • Sakit Hinavi - the poet, the writer, the composer, «the Nightingale of Dagestan and Azerbaijan».

Others famous rutuls[edit]

  • K.Magomedov - a member of the Russian academy of public service at the president of the Russian Federation
  • G.Gadzhimuradov - the deputy minister of trade of Degestan Republic (Russia)
  • I.Ibragimov - the head of department at Government of Degestan Republic (Russia)
  • D.Tairov - the chief of department Minnatsinformvneshsvjazi of Degestan Republic (Russia)
  • T.Ashurbekov - the head of department of republican Office of Public Prosecutor
  • M.Babayev - the colonel, chief of Department Makhachkala-customs
  • I.Garunov - a member of Supreme Court of Degestan Republic (Russia)
  • N.Magomedov - the head of joint-stock company "Arsi".
  • R.Aliev - the deputy director of joint-stock company "Yugstalkonstructsia"
  • M.Mamadaev - the colonel
  • J.Magomedov - the judge of the Kirov (Dagestan, Russia) regional court

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]