Rwenzori Mountains National Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Rwenzori Mountains National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Rwenzori mountains FP.jpg
The Rwenzori mountains
Map showing the location of Rwenzori Mountains National Park
Map showing the location of Rwenzori Mountains National Park
Location of Rwenzori Mountains National Park
Location Kasese District, Uganda
Nearest city Kasese
Coordinates 00°22′N 29°57′E / 0.367°N 29.950°E / 0.367; 29.950Coordinates: 00°22′N 29°57′E / 0.367°N 29.950°E / 0.367; 29.950
Area 998 square kilometres (385 sq mi)
Governing body Ugandan Wildlife Authority
Type: Natural
Criteria: vii, x
Designated: 1994 (18th session)
Reference No. 684
State Party: Uganda
Region: Africa
Endangered: 1999–2004
Official name: Rwenzori Mountains Ramsar Site
Designated: May 13, 2009 [1]
Ruwenzori Mountains Woman

Rwenzori Mountains National Park is a Ugandan national park and UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the Rwenzori Mountains. Almost 1,000 km2 (386 sq mi) in size, the park has Africa's third highest mountain peak and many waterfalls, lakes, and glaciers. The park is known for its beautiful plant life.

History[edit]

Rwenzori Mountains National Park was established in 1991. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994 because of its outstanding natural beauty.[2][3] Rebel militias occupied the Rwenzori Mountains from 1997 to June 2001.[2] The park was inscribed on UNESCO's List of World Heritage in Danger between 1999 and 2004 because of insecurity and a lack of resources in the park.[4][5]

Geography[edit]

Rwenzori Mountains National Park is located in southwestern Uganda on the east side of the western (Albertine) African rift valley. It lies along Uganda's border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and borders the DRC's Virunga National Park, also a UNESCO World Heritage Site, for 50 km (31 mi).[2] It is situated in the Bundibugyo, Kabarole, and Kasese districts,[2] 25 km (16 mi) from the small town of Kasese.[3] It is 996 km2 (246,117 acres) in size,[6] 70% of which exceeds an altitude of 2,500 m (8,202 ft).[7] The park is 120 km (75 mi) long and 48 km (30 mi) wide.[3]

The park comprises most of the centre and eastern half of the Rwenzori Mountains, a mountain range rising above dry plains located just above the equator. The Rwenzori Mountains are higher than the Alps and are ice-capped. Mount Stanley is located in the park. Margherita Peak, one of Mount Stanley's twin summits, is Africa's third highest peak with a height of 5,109 m (16,762 ft). Africa's fourth and fifth highest peaks (Mount Speke and Mount Baker) are also located in the park.[2] The park has glaciers, snowfields, waterfalls, and lakes and is one of Africa's most beautiful mountain areas.[2][6]

Biodiversity[edit]

The park has many species that are endemic to the Albertine Rift system, and there are several endangered species in the park.[2] It has a high diversity of plants and trees.[8] The park is noted for its botany, which has been described as some of the most beautiful in the world.[9] There are five distinct vegetation zones in the park, which change according to changes in altitude.[2] The park has 89 species of birds, 15 species of butterfly, and four primate species.[7] The park's wildlife varies with elevation, and its species include the forest elephant, chimpanzee, hyrax, black-and-white colobus, L'Hoest's monkeys, duiker, and Ruwenzori Turaco.[9]

People[edit]

Local people working hard and carrying big loads on the mountain paths.

Conservation and tourism[edit]

The park is owned by the Ugandan government through Uganda National Parks. It is protected, although extraction may be sanctioned by a board of trustees.[2] Kasese, 437 km (260 mi) west of Uganda's capital Kampala, is the gateway to the park. The town has hotels and lodges, while the park has camping, a good trail network and huts for hikers.[9] The park has excellent trekking and climbing opportunities with spectacular views and unusual scenery. The most popular trek is a seven day circuit of the park.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ramsar List". Ramsar.org. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Rwenzori Mountains National Park, Uganda". United Nations Environment Programme. March 2003. Archived from the original on 2008-05-10. Retrieved 2008-06-03. 
  3. ^ a b c d Williams, Lizzie (2005). Africa Overland. Struik. p. 93. ISBN 1-77007-187-3. 
  4. ^ "History - List in Danger". UNESCO. Retrieved 2008-06-07. 
  5. ^ "Angkor Among the three Properties Removed from Unesco’s List of World Heritage in Danger". UNESCO. Retrieved 2008-06-07. 
  6. ^ a b "Rwenzori Mountains National Park". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 2008-06-03. Retrieved 2008-06-03. 
  7. ^ a b "World Heritage Nomination Rwenzori Mountains National Park (Uganda)". UNESCO. Retrieved 2008-06-03. 
  8. ^ Hodd, Michael (2002). East Africa Handbook: The Travel Guide. Footprint Travel Guides. p. 702. ISBN 1-900949-65-2. 
  9. ^ a b c Riley, Laura; William Riley (2005). Nature's Strongholds: The World's Great Wildlife Reserves. Princeton University Press. p. 151. ISBN 0-691-12219-9. 

External links[edit]