Early life and academic career
After graduating from Tohoku Imperial University in 1933, Kuroda was sent to Manchukuo to be an instructor at a service academy. He spent five years in a Siberian labor camp before he returned to Japan in 1950, and became a professor of law at Osaka City University in 1956.
Kuroda was elected as governor of Osaka Prefecture in 1971, supported by the Japan Socialist Party and the Japanese Communist Party. In 1975, he became the first Japanese governor who won reelection with backing only from the Japanese Communist Party. He unsuccessfully ran for a third term in 1979.
While he was in office, Kuroda took positive antipollution measures and introduced free medical care for the elderly. He rejected a plan to build a missile base in Osaka, for he held a view that the Self-Defense Forces were unconstitutional.
He died of pneumonia at age 92.
- "Obituary: Ryoichi Kuroda". The Japan Times. 29 July 2003. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- "黒田了一氏死去 元大阪府知事". 47 News (in Japanese) (Press Net Japan). Kyodo. 28 July 2003. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- Ishikawa, Motoya (1 November 2003). "黒田了一さんを悼む". 自由法曹団通信 (in Japanese) (Tokyo: Japan Lawyers Association for Freedom) 1109. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
|Governor of Osaka Prefecture
1971 – 1979
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