Ryūjo Hori

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Ryūjo Hori (堀柳女 Hori Ryūjo?, 1897 – 1984) (born Matsue Yamada) was a Japanese dollmaker of traditional dolls.

Hori started her career as a painter, but switched to doll making after an epiphany with a piece of gum; seeing the half-chewed gum she was fiddling looked something like a human face caused her to become interested in three-dimensional representations of the human form. She began to construct dolls from flour and newspaper paste, using chopsticks as a structural base.[1][2] In 1930 she joined Yumeji Takehisa's Dontakusha group of artists and subsequently focussed her entire output on doll-making; that same year she had her first exhibition at the Hina Matsuri Festival.[3][4][5] Early on in her career, she studied under the famous doll-makers Goyo Hirata and Juzo Kagoshima, both Living National Treasure of Japan.[2]

Her creation of a new style of kimekomi-ningyō doll resulted in her own appointment as a Living National Treasure of Japan in 1955; she was both the first woman to be awarded this accolade and the first artist to be largely self-taught.[3][6] She commonly sculpted dolls in the likeness of aristocratic women of the Heian period, in paulownia wood or (later in her career) shiso (terracotta overlaid with paper).[7] Her dolls can take up to ten years to complete.[8] In 1983 she was presented to Nancy Regan during a presidential visit to Japan, who claimed to "admire [Hori's] patience as much as [her] art".[5] (Hori was forbidden from bringing her tools - primarily knives - to the meeting.)[9]


  1. ^ New Japan. Mainichi Publishing Company. 1967. p. 125. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Tsune Sugimura; Masataka Ogawa (1968). The Enduring Crafts of Japan: 33 Living National Treasures. Walker/Weatherhill. p. 210. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b 金子賢治; 今井陽子 (2003). 今日の人形芸術: 想念の造形. TBS. p. 14. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  4. ^ 講談社 (1993). Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Kodansha. p. 562. ISBN 978-4-06-206489-7. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Dolls, Tea Service Delight First Lady". Miami Herald. 10 November 1983. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  6. ^ Louis Frédéric (2002). Japan enciklopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 353. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  7. ^ Tokubē Yamada (1955). Japanese Dolls. Japan Travel Bureau. p. 156. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  8. ^ Jan Fontein; Committee of the Exhibition of Living National Treasures of Japan; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Art Institute of Chicago, Japanese American Cultural & Community Center (Los Angeles, Calif.), Japanese American Cultural and Community Center (1982). Living national treasures of Japan. Committee of the Exhibition of Living National Treasures of Japan. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  9. ^ Briton Hadden; Henry Robinson Luce (November 1983). Time. Time Incorporated. p. 127. Retrieved 25 April 2013.