Ryakuō

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Ryakuō (暦応?) was a Japanese era of the Northern Court during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts,[1] lasting from August 1338 to April 1342.[2] The emperor in Kyoto was Emperor Kōmyō (光明天皇 Kōmyō-tennō?).[3] Go-Kōgon's Southern Court rival in Yoshino during this time-frame was Emperor Go-Murakami (後村上天皇 Go-Murakami-tennō?).

Nanboku-chō overview[edit]

The Imperial seats during the Nanboku-chō period were in relatively close proximity, but geographically distinct. They were conventionally identified as:

During the Meiji period, an Imperial decree dated March 3, 1911 established that the legitimate reigning monarchs of this period were the direct descendants of Emperor Go-Daigo through Emperor Go-Murakami, whose Southern Court (南朝 nanchō?) had been established in exile in Yoshino, near Nara.[4]

Until the end of the Edo period, the militarily superior pretender-Emperors supported by the Ashikaga shogunate had been mistakenly incorporated in Imperial chronologies despite the undisputed fact that the Imperial Regalia were not in their possession.[4]

This illegitimate Northern Court (北朝 hokuchō?) had been established in Kyoto by Ashikaga Takauji.[4]

Change of era[edit]

  • 1338 Ryakuō gannen (暦応元年?): The era name was changed to Ryakuō to mark an event or a number of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Kemmu 5.[5]

Events of the Ryakuō Era[edit]

  • 1340 (Ryakuō 3): Observations of the "broom star" (comet) are recorded.[6]

Southern Court Equivalents[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 294-296.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ryakuō" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 796; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  3. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 294-297; Nussbaum, p. 541.
  4. ^ a b c Thomas, Julia Adeney. (2001). Reconfiguring modernity: concepts of nature in Japanese political ideology, p. 199 n57, citing Mehl, Margaret. (1997). History and the State in Nineteenth-Century Japan. p. 140-147.
  5. ^ Titsingh, p. 294.
  6. ^ Pankenier, David. (1999). Archaeoastronomy in East Asia: Historical Observational Records of Comets and Meteor Showers from China, Japan, and Korea, p. 164., p. 164, at Google Books

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Kemmu
Era or nengō
Ryakuō

1338–1342
Succeeded by
Kōei