Rye (city), New York

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This article is about the city. For the town, see Rye (town), New York.
Rye
City
Official seal of Rye
Seal
Location in Westchester County and the state of New York
Location in Westchester County and the state of New York
Coordinates: 40°58′52″N 73°41′02″W / 40.98111°N 73.68389°W / 40.98111; -73.68389Coordinates: 40°58′52″N 73°41′02″W / 40.98111°N 73.68389°W / 40.98111; -73.68389
Country United States
State New York
County Westchester
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Joeseph A. Sack (R)
 • City Council
Area
 • Total 20.0 sq mi (51.9 km2)
 • Land 5.8 sq mi (15.0 km2)
 • Water 14.2 sq mi (36.9 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 15,720[1]
 • Density 2,710/sq mi (1,050/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 10580
Area code(s) 914
FIPS code 36-64309
Website http://www.ryeny.gov

Rye is a city in Westchester County, New York, United States. It is separate from the town of Rye, which is larger than the city. Rye city, formerly the village of Rye, was part of the town until it received its charter as a city in 1942. The population was 15,720 at the 2010 census.[2]

Rye is the youngest city in New York State. No other city has been chartered anywhere in New York State since 1942.

The city is the site of the boyhood home and final resting place of John Jay, a Founding Father and the first Chief Justice of the United States. Original milestones, fixed in 1763 by Benjamin Franklin along the Boston Post Road during his term as Postmaster General, still mark the 24th, 25th, and 26th miles from New York City. The Square House is also in Rye, where George Washington once stayed for the night. It is now a museum.

Playland, a historic amusement park and designated National Historic Landmark, is located in Rye. Playland features one of the oldest wooden roller coasters in the Northeast, the Dragon Coaster.

Rye is the home of Rye High School, named a Gold Medal school and the 61st best high school in the U.S., 9th in New York State, and 1st in New York State if test-in schools are disregarded according to U.S. News & World Report's 2013 "Best High Schools". Rye also houses Rye Country Day School, a college preparatory school.

In 2010, Coldwell Banker reported that Rye was the third most expensive city in the country in which to buy a home.[3]

The city of Rye was ranked ninth in the list of the top 10 places to live in New York State for 2014 according to the national online real estate brokerage Movoto.[4]

Economy[edit]

Rye is home to one Fortune 500 company, Jarden. It is home to The American Yacht Club, Westchester Country Club, and The Apawamis Country Club.

Transportation[edit]

The Rye train station provides commuter rail service to Grand Central Terminal in New York City or Stamford and New Haven-Union Station via the Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line. The Bee-Line Bus System provides bus service to Rye on routes 61 and 76 with additional seasonal service to Rye Playland on routes 75, 91, and 92.

Emergency services[edit]

Police Department[edit]

The City of Rye police department has 35 sworn-in officers and about six civil officers. They operate a fleet of Ford Crown Victorias, Chevrolet Tahoes and one military-surplus truck used for emergency services. There is also one Toyota Prius for parking enforcement. This car can be seen parked on the shoulder at Rye High School in the morning helping students cross the street into the school parking lot. The Rye Auxiliary Police is an all-volunteer force that provides assistance when needed. Police officer are always first on scene to medical calls[citation needed] and can provide basic life support. The Westchester County Police also patrols several areas of Rye, such as Playland Park and The Marshlands.

Fire Department[edit]

The City of Rye Fire Department has 16 career firefighters of which only 3-4 are on duty at any one time. These career firefighters are supplemented by approx. 18 active volunteer firefighters. They use two Fire Stations and man two Engines, two Ladders, two Utility Units, and three Command Vehicles. The Rye Fire Department responds to approximately 1,100 emergency calls annually.

Emergency Medical Services[edit]

Emergency medical service is provided by Port Chester-Rye-Rye Brook EMS at the Advanced Life Support Level (ALS). They are a combination agency with 50 members (30 paid EMTs, 15 paramedics and five volunteers). They operate five ALS ambulances and three paramedic flycars from their station in Port Chester.

History[edit]

Rye Beach, early 20th century
The Dragon Coaster, Playland's signature wooden roller coaster.

Rye was at one time a part of Fairfield County, Conn., which was a belonging of the Sachem Ponus, of the Ponus Wekuwuhm, Canaan Parish, and which was probably named for that chieftain, "Peningoe Neck".[5] The oldest house in the city, the Timothy Knapp House, is owned by the Rye Historical Society and dates in its original version to around 1667. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982. Also listed on the National Register of Historic Places are the African Cemetery, Bird Homestead, Widow Haviland's Tavern, Rye Town Park-Bathing Complex and Oakland Beach and United States Post Office. The Boston Post Road Historic District was listed in 1982 as a National Historic Landmark.[6] The Rye Meeting House was added in 2011.[7]

The Historical Society also owns a former inn/tavern built in 1730, the Square House, which it operates as a museum. George Washington stayed at the Square House on two separate occasions, remarking favorably on his stay in his diaries.

The Jay Property at 210 Boston Post Road, where New York State's only native-born founding father John Jay grew up and where he is buried, is now the home of the not-for-profit organization the Jay Heritage Center. The Center's mission is to restore and preserve the 1838 Peter Augustus Jay House, which occupies the original site of the Jay family farm, "The Locusts". Restoration of the Jay mansion overlooking Long Island Sound is an official project of the Save America's Treasures Program. With its soaring Corinthian columns, and pedimented facade, the house is a textbook example of American Greek Revival architecture popularized before the Civil War and is noted for its many design elements influenced by Minard Lafever. The Jay Mansion is the oldest National Historic Landmark (NHL) structure in New York State with a geothermal heating and cooling system and the first in Westchester County to have such an energy efficient system. The Jay Heritage Center was recently designated a member site of the Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area. It is also listed on Westchester County's African American Heritage Trail. John Jay was well known for advocating emancipation, serving as President of the New York Manumission Society and establishing the first African Free School.

Rye is known for its theme park, Rye Playland, a popular destination in the early 20th century, where people were able to take their boats right up to the park. Its famous roller coaster, the Dragon Coaster, was at one time a Top-10 wooden roller coaster in the world.[citation needed] Glenn Close and Ellen Latzen ride the roller coaster in the 1980s thriller, Fatal Attraction. Playland is also the setting for several key scenes in the comedy film, Big, starring Tom Hanks.

Rye is served by three public elementary schools: Osborn, Milton and Midland. Rye Middle School and Rye High School follow; they are part of the same campus, and the two buildings connect.

The annual Rye-Harrison football game has been played for almost 80 years and is a top high school football rivalry in Westchester County. The Rye team has won three recent New York State championships, two consecutively, and has defeated Harrison in nine consecutive meetings. Harrison leads the all-time series with a record of 41-37-3.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_DP_DPDP1
  2. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Rye city, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 15, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Top 10 most expensive real estate markets in the US". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2011-12-27. 
  4. ^ The 10 Best Places In New York - statistical analysis by Movoto
  5. ^ Selleck, Rev. Charles M. (1896). Norwalk. p. 371. 
  6. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  7. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 1/31/11 through 2/04/11. National Park Service. 2011-02-11. 

External links[edit]