Rylsk, Russia

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For the village in Poland, see Rylsk, Łódź Voivodeship.
Rylsk (English)
Рыльск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Вид з «Горы Ивана Рыльского» (Рыльск).jpg
View of Rylsk
Map of Russia - Kursk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Kursk Oblast in Russia
Rylsk is located in Kursk Oblast
Rylsk
Rylsk
Location of Rylsk in Kursk Oblast
Coordinates: 51°34′N 34°40′E / 51.567°N 34.667°E / 51.567; 34.667Coordinates: 51°34′N 34°40′E / 51.567°N 34.667°E / 51.567; 34.667
Coat of Arms of Rylsk (Kursk oblast) (1893).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of January 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Kursk Oblast[1]
Administrative district Rylsky District[1]
Town of district significance Rylsk[1]
Administrative center of Rylsky District,[1] town of district significance of Rylsk[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2012)
Municipal district Rylsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Rylsk Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Rylsky Municipal District,[2] Rylsk Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 15,671 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
First mentioned 1152[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 307370, 307371, 307373, 307374, 307379
Official website
Rylsk on WikiCommons

Rylsk (Russian: Рыльск) is a town and the administrative center of Rylsky District in Kursk Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Seym River (Dnieper's basin) 124 kilometres (77 mi) southwest of Kursk, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 15,671 (2010 Census);[3] 17,603 (2002 Census);[6] 19,472 (1989 Census);[7] 19,000 (1974).

History[edit]

It was first mentioned in a chronicle in 1152 as one of the Severian towns.[citation needed] It had become the seat of an appanage principality by the end of the 12th century before coming into the hands of Lithuanian rulers sometime in the 14th century. The Polish king Casimir IV made a grant of it to Dmitry Shemyaka's son Ivan, who had settled in Lithuania. Ivan's son Vasily defected to the Grand Duchy of Moscow, but Lituanians held the town until 1522. During the Time of Troubles, it was one of the first towns to welcome False Dmitry I as the Tsar. After the Ukraine's integration into the Russian Empire, Rylsk capitalized on the trade between Little Russia and Great Russia. A great number of merchants resided in the town, whose population remains almost the same as a century ago.

Soviet authority in Rylsk was established in November 1917. During World War II, the town was occupied by the German Army from October 5, 1941 to August 31, 1943.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Rylsk serves as the administrative center of Rylsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Rylsky District as the town of district significance of Rylsk.[1] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Rylsk is incorporated within Rylsky Municipal District as Rylsk Urban Settlement.[2]

Attractions[edit]

The town does not retain many marks of antiquity. Its oldest buildings are three churches of the monastery of St. Nicholas, all erected in the mid-18th century. Some of the most prominent buildings in the town were commissioned by the Shelikhov merchants, the most famous of which, Grigory Shelikhov, was born in the town and has a monument erected to his memory on the central square. The foremost of the town's churches are the Uspensky Cathedral (1811) and the Pokrovsky Cathedral (1822), both designed in a vernacular Neoclassical idiom and furnished with very lofty belltowers.

Uspensky Cathedral in Rylsk

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #489
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #60-ZKO
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Губернатор Курской области. Постановление №489 от 6 ноября 2008 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц населённых пунктов Курской области», в ред. Постановления №26-пг от 29 января 2013 г. «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Постановление Губернатора Курской области от 06.11.2008 №489 "Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц населённых пунктов Курской области"». Вступил в силу 6 ноября 2008 г. (Governor of Kursk Oblast. Resolution #489 of November 6, 2008 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Inhabited Localities of Kursk Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #26-pg of January 29, 2013 On Amending and Supplementing Resolution #489 of the Governor of Kursk Oblast of November 6, 2008 "On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Inhabited Localities of Kursk Oblast". Effective as of November 6, 2008.).
  • Курская областная Дума. Закон №60-ЗКО от 1 декабря 2004 г. «О границах муниципальных образований Курской области», в ред. Закона №127-ЗКО от 17 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении дополнения в статью 1 Закона Курской области "О границах муниципальных образований Курской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Курская правда", №248, 18 декабря 2004 г. (Kursk Oblast Duma. Law #60-ZKO of December 1, 2004 On the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Kursk Oblast, as amended by the Law #127-ZKO of December 17, 2012 On Amending Article 1 of the Law of Kursk Oblast "On the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Kursk Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]