Rysy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Rysy
Rysy-2004-06-11.jpg
Northern summit
Elevation 2,503 m (8,212 ft)[1]
Prominence 163 m (535 ft)[1]
Listing Country high point
Translation scratches or crevices (Polish and Slovak)
Location
Rysy is located in Poland
Rysy
Rysy
Location in Poland (on the Slovakia border)
Location Poland / Slovakia
Range High Tatras
Coordinates 49°10′46″N 20°5′17″E / 49.17944°N 20.08806°E / 49.17944; 20.08806Coordinates: 49°10′46″N 20°5′17″E / 49.17944°N 20.08806°E / 49.17944; 20.08806[1]
Geology
Type Granite
Climbing
Easiest route Hiking

Rysy (Slovak: Rysy, Polish pronunciation: [ˈrɨsɨ]; German: Meeraugspitze, Hungarian: Tengerszem-csúcs) is a mountain in the crest of the High Tatras, lying on the border between Poland and Slovakia. Rysy has three peaks: the middle at 2,503 m (8,212 ft); the north-western at 2,499 m (8,199 ft); and the south-eastern at 2,473 m (8,114 ft). The north-western peak is the highest point of Poland; the other two peaks are on the Slovak side of the border, in the Prešov Region.

Name[edit]

Experts assume that the Polish and Slovak name Rysy, meaning "scratches" or "crevices", refers to a series of gullies, either those on the western slopes of Żabie Ridge or the very prominent 500 m (1,600 ft) high gully and numerous smaller ones on the northern side. A folk explanation on the Slovak side says that the name comes from the plural word rysy meaning "lynxes", although the habitat of the lynx does not extend above the timberline.

The Hungarian name Tengerszem-csúcs and the German name Meeraugspitze mean "eye-of-the-sea peak", from the glacial lake at the northern foot of the mountain, called "eye of the sea" (Morskie Oko in Polish).

History[edit]

The first known ascent was made in 1840, by Ede Blásy and his guide Ján Ruman-Driečny, Sr. The first winter ascent was completed in 1884, by Theodor Wundt and Jakob Horvay. In the 20th century, the communist authorities claimed Vladimir Lenin climbed the mountain sometime in the early 1910s.

Tourism[edit]

A colourful outhouse of Chata pod Rysami

Rysy is the highest peak in the Tatra Mountains that is accessible to individual tourists on foot without a mountain guide. It is possible to ascend the peak from the Slovak side, starting at Štrbské pleso and passing Chata pod Rysmi, a mountain chalet at an altitude of 2,250 m (7,380 ft), open during the summer season (May–October). The mountain can also be ascended from the Polish side coming from the Morskie Oko lake, which is a harder and steeper route. In the period November 1 - June 15, the trail on the Slovak side is closed.

The former border crossing at the summit.

The border can be crossed between 16 June and 31 October - for only in this period is the trail open on the Slovak side. Since the accession of Poland and Slovakia to the Schengen Agreement in 2007, however, the border between the two countries may be easily crossed at this point like at any other. Note, however, that despite the absence of border controls, when travelling from one to another European Union country, you need to carry with you some sort of identity document (ID card or passport).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

3D Panorama[edit]