Ryū Murakami in 2005
February 19, 1952 |
Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan
|Occupation||Author, Novelist, Film-maker|
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (May 2013)|
He was born Ryūnosuke Murakami (村上龍之助 Murakami Ryūnosuke ) in Sasebo, Nagasaki on February 19, 1952. The name Ryūnosuke was taken from the main character in Daibosatsu-tōge, a piece of fiction by Nakazato Kaizan (1885–1944).
He attended primary, middle and senior high school in Sasebo. While a student in senior high, Murakami helped form a rock band, in which he was the drummer. After the band’s breakup, he went on to join the rugby club, which he found especially grueling. He soon left the rugby club and transferred to the school’s newspaper department. In the summer of his third year in senior high, Murakami and his colleagues barricaded the rooftop of his high school and he was placed under house arrest for three months. During this time, he had an encounter with the hippie culture which influenced him greatly.
Murakami graduated from high school in 1970, around which time he went on to form yet another rock band and produce 8-millimeter indie films.
Murakami went to Tokyo and enrolled in the silkscreen department in Gendaishichosha School of Art, but dropped out halfway through the year. In October 1972, he moved to Fussa near the base of the U.S. Air Force and was accepted into the Musashino Art University in the sculpture program.
Murakami's first work, the short novel Almost Transparent Blue, written while he was still a student of Musashino Art University, deals with promiscuity and drug use among disaffected Japanese youth. Critically acclaimed as a new style of literature, it won the newcomer's literature prize in 1976 despite some observers decrying it as decadent. Later the same year, Blue won the Akutagawa Prize, going on to become a bestseller.
In 1980, Murakami published the much longer novel Coin Locker Babies, again to critical acclaim, for which he won the 3rd Noma Liberal Arts New Member prize. Afterward he wrote an autobiographical work 69. His next work Ai to Gensou no Fascism (1987) revolves around the struggle reforming Japan’s Survival of the Fittest model of society, by a secret society the "Hunting Society". His work in 1988, Topaz, is about a SM Girl’s radical expression of her sexuality.
Murakami's story The World in Five Minutes From Now (1994) is written as a point of view in a parallel universe version of Japan, which got him nominated for the 30th Tanizaki Junichiro prize. In 1996 he continued his autobiography 69, and released the Murakami Ryu Movie and Novel Collection. He also won the Hirabayashi Taiko literary prize. The same year, he wrote the novel Topaz II about a female high school student engaged in compensated dating, which later was adapted as a live action film Love and Pop by Anime director Hideaki Anno; as well as Popular Hits of the Showa Era, which concerns the escalating firepower of a battle between five teenage male and five middle-aged female social rejects.
In 1997 he wrote the Psycho-horror styled novel In the Miso Soup, set in Tokyo's Kabuki-cho red-light district, which won him the Yomiuri Prize for Fiction that year. In 1999 he became in the Editor in Chief of the mail magazine JMM which discusses the ‘bubble’ economy of Japan.
In 2000, he wrote Parasites (Kyōsei Mushi) about a young hikikomori who is fascinated by war, which won him the 36th Tanizaki Junichiro Prize. The same year Kibō no Kuni no Exodus was written, a story about junior high students who lose their desire in being involved in normal Japanese society, and instead create a new society over the internet.
In 2001, he became involved in his friend Ryuichi Sakamoto's group N.M.L. No More Landmine (see Zero Landmine), which involves the removal of landmines that are still buried in many countries around the world.
In 2004, Murakami announced the publication of 13 Year Old Hello Work, a work whose aim is to increase an interest in young people to go and find jobs and work. His next work Hantō wo Deyo (2005) is about relations between Japan and Korea, which won him the 58th Noma Liberal Arts prize, and the 59th Mainichi Shuppan Culture Prize.
His novel Audition was adapted into a feature film by Takashi Miike. Murakami reportedly liked it so much he gave Miike his blessing to adapt Coin Locker Babies. The screen play was worked on by director Jordan Galland. However, Miike could not raise funding for the project. An adaptation directed by Michele Civetta is currently in production.
Murakami has played drums for a rock group called Coelacanth. Since 2006 he has hosted a TV talk show on business and finance called Kanburia Kyuden which is broadcast on TV Tokyo. The co-host is Eiko Koike.
|Year||Japanese Title||English Title||Notes|
|1976||限りなく透明に近いブルー (Kagirinaku Tōmei ni Chikai Burū)||Almost Transparent Blue||English translation by Nancy Andrew|
|1977||海の向こうで戦争が始ま (Umi no Mukō de Sensō ga Hajimaru)||War Begins Beyond the Sea|
|1980||コインロッカー・ベイビーズ (Koinrokkā Beibīzu)||Coin Locker Babies||English translation by Stephen Snyder, republished by Pushkin Press, 2013|
|1986||走れ！タカハシ (Hashire! Takahashi)|
|1987||Shikusuti Nain||69 sixty nine||English translation by Ralph F. McCarthy, published by Pushkin Press, 2013|
|1989||ラッフルズホテル (Raffuruzu Hoteru)||Raffles Hotel|
|1994||昭和歌謡大全集 (Shōwa Kayō Daizenshū)||Popular Hits of the Showa Era: A Novel||English translation by Ralph F. McCarthy. Published by Pushkin Press, 2013|
|1994||五分後の世界 (Gofungo no Sekai)||The World in Five Minutes From Now|
|1994||ピアッシング (Piasshingu)||Piercing||English translation by Ralph F. McCarthy. Published in English January 2007.|
|1995||Kyoko||French translation by Corinne Atlan|
|1997||イン ザ・ミソスープ (In za Misosūpu)||In the Miso Soup||English translation by Ralph F. McCarthy. Published in English 2005.
French translation ("Miso Soup") by Corinne Atlan. Published in French January 2003.
|ストレンジ・デイズ (Sutorenji Deizu)||Strange Days|
|1998||ライン (Rain)||Lines||French translation ("Lignes") by Sylvain Cardonnel, Czech translation ("Čáry") by Jan Levora.|
|2000||共生虫 (Kyōsei Chū)||Parasites||French translation by Sylvain Cardonnel|
|メランコリア (Merankoria)||Melancholia||French translation by Sylvain Cardonnel|
|2004||It's Been Just a Year and a Half Now Since I Went with My Boss to That Bar||short story published in Zoetrope: All-Story (Vol. 8, No. 4, 2004). English translation by Ralph McCarthy.|
|2005||I am a Novelist||short story published in The New Yorker (Jan. 3, 2005).
English translation by Ralph McCarthy
|半島を出よ (Hantō o Deyo)||From the Fatherland, with Love, translated into English by Ralph McCarthy, Charles De Wolf and Ginny Tapley Takemori, published by Pushkin Press, 2013|
|2006||ダイアローグ 村上壟X伊藤穣一 (Daiarōgu Murakami Ryū X Itō Jōichi)||Dialogue: Ryu Murakami X Joichi Ito|
|2009||At the Airport||short story in Zoetrope All-Story (Vol. 13, No. 2, 2009). English translation by Ralph McCarthy.|
|2010||No Matter How Many Times I Read Your Confession, There’s One Thing I Just Don’t Understand: Why Didn’t You Kill the Woman?||Zoetrope All-Story (Vol. 14, No. 4, 2010).|
|2011||Penlight||Zoetrope All-Story (Vol. 15, No. 3, 2011). English translation by Ralph McCarthy.|
|Year||Japanese Title||English Title||Role||Director|
Kagirinaku tōmei ni chikai burū
|Almost Transparent Blue||Writer, Director||Ryu Murakami|
Daijōbu mai furendo
|All Right, My Friend||Writer, Director||Ryu Murakami|
|Raffles Hotel||Writer, Director||Ryu Murakami|
|Topaz a.k.a. Tokyo Decadence||Writer, Director||Ryu Murakami|
Rabu & Poppu
|Love & Pop||Writer||Hideaki Anno|
|2000||KYOKO||Because of You||Writer, Director||Ryu Murakami|
|Run! Ichiro||Writer||Kazuki Omori|
Shōwa kayō daizenshū
|Karaoke Terror: The Complete Japanese Showa Songbook||Novel||Tetsuo Shinohara|
|Popular!||Executive Producer||Jen Paz|
|Coin Locker Babies||Writer||Michele Civetta|
- "Murakami Ryū" (The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction; by Jonathan Clements) (English)
- Ryu Murakami at J'Lit Books from Japan (English)
- Synopsis of Leave the Peninsula (Hanto o Deyo) at JLPP (Japanese Literature Publishing Project) (English)
- REVIEW : Ryu Murakami - From the Fatherland With Love at Upcoming4.me (English)