Ryū Murakami

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Ryu Murakami)
Jump to: navigation, search
Ryū Murakami
Ryu Murakami.jpg
Ryū Murakami in 2005
Born (1952-02-19) February 19, 1952 (age 62)
Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan
Occupation Novelist, essayist, filmmaker
Nationality Japanese

Ryū Murakami (村上 龍 Murakami Ryū?, born February 19, 1952 in Sasebo, Nagasaki) is a Japanese novelist, short story writer, essayist and filmmaker. Murakami's novels explore human psychology through themes of disillusion, drug use, surrealism, murder and war set against the dark backdrop of Japan. His most well known novels are Almost Transparent Blue, Coin Locker Babies and In the Miso Soup.

Biography[edit]

He was born Ryūnosuke Murakami (村上龍之助 Murakami Ryūnosuke?) in Sasebo, Nagasaki on February 19, 1952. The name Ryūnosuke was taken from the main character in Daibosatsu-tōge, a piece of fiction by Nakazato Kaizan (1885–1944).

He attended primary, middle and senior high school in Sasebo. While a student in senior high, Murakami helped form a rock band called Coelacanth, in which he was the drummer. After the band’s breakup, he went on to join the rugby club, which he found especially grueling. He soon left the rugby club and transferred to the school’s newspaper department. In the summer of his third year in senior high, Murakami and his colleagues barricaded the rooftop of his high school and he was placed under house arrest for three months. During this time, he had an encounter with the hippie culture which influenced him greatly.

Murakami graduated from high school in 1970, around which time he went on to form yet another rock band and produce 8-millimeter indie films.

Murakami went to Tokyo and enrolled in the silkscreen department in Gendaishichosha School of Art, but dropped out halfway through the year. In October 1972, he moved to Fussa near the base of the U.S. Air Force and was accepted into the Musashino Art University in the sculpture program.

In the early 1990s, Murakami devoted himself to Cuban music. He introduced it to Japan and produced the concerts of Cuban musicians in Japan. Then he established his label, Murakami's in Sony Music.

Murakami started e-mail magazine JMM (Japan Mail Media) in 1999. He serves as the chief editor.

Since 2006 he has hosted a TV talk show on business and finance called Kanburia Kyuden which is broadcast on TV Tokyo.[1] The co-host is Eiko Koike. In the same year, Murakami began video streaming service, RVR (Ryu's Video Report).

Murakami establishes the new company G2010 (ジーニーゼロイチゼロ Jī Nī Zero Ichi Zero?) to sell and produce eBook on November 5, 2010.[2]

Murakami launched the new private brand of G2010, 村上龍電子本製作所 (Murakami Ryū Denshibon Seisakusyo Ryū Murakami eBook Maker?) which published his writing and produce work to adjust the start of the iBookstore Japanese version in 2013.[3]

Works[edit]

Murakami's first work, the short novel Almost Transparent Blue, written while he was still a student of Musashino Art University, deals with promiscuity and drug use among disaffected Japanese youth. Critically acclaimed as a new style of literature, it won the Gunzō newcomer's literature prize in 1976 despite some observers decrying it as decadent. Later the same year, Blue won the Akutagawa Prize, going on to become a bestseller.

In 1980, Murakami published the much longer novel Coin Locker Babies, again to critical acclaim, for which he won the 3rd Noma Liberal Arts New Member prize. Afterward he wrote an autobiographical work 69. His next work Ai to Gensou no Fascism (1987) revolves around the struggle reforming Japan’s Survival of the Fittest model of society, by the secret "Hunting Society". His work in 1988, Topaz, is about a SM Girl’s radical expression of her sexuality.

Murakami's story The World in Five Minutes From Now (1994) is written as a point of view in a parallel universe version of Japan, which got him nominated for the 30th Tanizaki Prize. In 1996 he continued his autobiography 69, and released the Murakami Ryū Movie and Novel Collection. He also won the Hirabayashi Taiko literary prize. The same year, he wrote the novel Topaz II about a female high school student engaged in compensated dating, which later was adapted as a live action film Love and Pop by Anime director Hideaki Anno; as well as Popular Hits of the Showa Era, which concerns the escalating firepower of a battle between five teenage male and five middle-aged female social rejects.

In 1997 he wrote the psychological thriller novel In the Miso Soup, set in Tokyo's Kabuki-cho red-light district, which won him the Yomiuri Prize for Fiction that year. In 1999 he became the Editor in Chief of the mail magazine JMM which discusses the ‘bubble’ economy of Japan.

In 2000, he wrote Parasites (Kyōsei chū) about a young hikikomori who is fascinated by war, which won him the 36th Tanizaki Prize. The same year Kibō no Kuni no Exodus was written, a story about junior high students who lose their desire to be involved in normal Japanese society, and instead create a new society over the internet.

In 2001, he became involved in his friend Ryuichi Sakamoto's group N.M.L. No More Landmine (see Zero Landmine), which involves the removal of landmines that are still buried in many countries around the world.

In 2004, Murakami announced the publication of 13 Year Old Hello Work, a work whose aim is to increase an interest in young people to go and find jobs and work. His next work Hantō wo Deyo (2005) is about the invasion to Japan by North Korea, which won him the 58th Noma Liberal Arts prize, and the 59th Mainichi Shuppan Culture Prize.

His novel Audition was adapted into a feature film by Takashi Miike. Murakami reportedly liked it so much he gave Miike his blessing to adapt Coin Locker Babies. The screen play was worked on by director Jordan Galland. However, Miike could not raise funding for the project. An adaptation directed by Michele Civetta is currently in production.[4]

In 2011, Utau Kujira won the Mainichi Art Award.

Selected bibliography[edit]

Novels[edit]

Year Japanese Title English Title Notes
1976 限りなく透明に近いブルー (Kagirinaku Tōmei ni Chikai Burū?) Almost Transparent Blue English translation by Nancy Andrew
1977 海の向こうで戦争が始まる (Umi no Mukō de Sensō ga Hajimaru?) War Begins Beyond the Sea
1980 コインロッカー・ベイビーズ (Koinrokkā Beibīzu?) Coin Locker Babies English translation by Stephen Snyder, republished by Pushkin Press, 2013
1983 だいじょうぶマイ・フレンド (Daijōbu mai furendo?) All Right, My Friend
1985 テニスボーイの憂鬱 (Tenisu Bōi no Yūutsu?) Melancholy of Tennis Boy
1987 69 Shikusuti Nain 69 sixty nine English translation by Ralph F. McCarthy, published by Pushkin Press, 2013
愛と幻想のファシズム (Ai to Gensō no Fasizumu?) Fascism of Love and Fantasy
1989 ラッフルズホテル (Raffuruzu Hoteru?) Raffles Hotel
1991 コックサッカーブルース (Kokkusakkā Burūsu?) Cocksucker Blues
超電導ナイトクラブ (Chōdendō Naito Kurabu?) Superconduction Nightclub
1992 イビサ (Ibisa?) Ibiza
長崎オランダ村 (Nagasaki Oranda Mura?) Nagasaki Holland Village
1993 エクスタシー (Ekusutashī?) Ecstasy
フィジーの小人 (Fijī no Kobito?) Fijian Midget
368Y Par4 第2打 (Sanbyakurokujūhachi Yādo Pā Fō Dai Ni Da?) 368Y Par4 the 2nd shot
音楽の海岸 (Ongaku no Kaigan?) The seashore of the music
1994 昭和歌謡大全集 (Shōwa Kayō Daizenshū?) Popular Hits of the Showa Era: A Novel English translation by Ralph F. McCarthy. Published by Pushkin Press, 2013
五分後の世界 (Gofungo no Sekai?) The World in Five Minutes From Now
ピアッシング (Piasshingu?) Piercing English translation by Ralph F. McCarthy. Published in English January 2007.
1995 KYOKO Kyoko French translation by Corinne Atlan
1996 ヒュウガ・ウイルス 五分後の世界Ⅱ (Hūga Uirusu Gofungo no Sekai Tū?) Hūga Virus: The World in Five Minutes From Now II
メランコリア (Merankoria?) Melancholia French translation by Sylvain Cardonnel
ラブ&ポップ トパーズⅡ (Rabu ando Poppu Topāzu Tū?) Love & Pop: Topaz II
1997 オーディション (Ōdishon?) Audition
ストレンジ・デイズ (Sutorenji Deizu?) Strange Days
イン ザ・ミソスープ (In za Misosūpu?) In the Miso Soup English translation by Ralph F. McCarthy. Published in English 2005.
French translation ("Miso Soup") by Corinne Atlan. Published in French January 2003.
1998 ライン (Rain?) Lines French translation ("Lignes") by Sylvain Cardonnel, Czech translation ("Čáry") by Jan Levora.
2000 共生虫 (Kyōsei Chū?) Parasites French translation by Sylvain Cardonnel
希望の国のエクソダス (Kibō no Kuni no Ekusodasu?) Exodus of the country of hope
2001 タナトス (Tanatosu?) Thanatos
THE MASK CLUB The Mask Club
最後の家族 (Saigo no Kazoku?) The Last Family
2005 半島を出よ (Hantō o Deyo?) From the Fatherland, with Love Translated into English by Ralph McCarthy, Charles De Wolf and Ginny Tapley Takemori, published by Pushkin Press, 2013
2010 歌うクジラ Singing Whale
2011 心はあなたのもとに (Kokoro wa Anata no Motoni?)

Short story collections[edit]

Year Japanese Title English Title Notes
1984 悲しき熱帯 (Kanashiki Nettai?) Tropical Sad reissued under the new title of “Summer in the city” in 1988.
1986 POST ポップアートのある部屋 (Posuto Poppu Āto no aru Heya?) POST, Room with Pop Art
走れ!タカハシ (Hashire! Takahashi?) Run! Takahashi a series of novels about one baseball player
ニューヨーク・シティ・マラソン New York City Marathon
1988 トパーズ (Topāzu?) Topaz
村上龍料理小説集 (Murakami Ryū Ryōri Shōsetsushū?) The collection of the Ryū Murakami dish novels
1991 恋はいつも未知なもの (Kanashiki Nettai?) Love is always strange
1995 村上龍映画小説集 (Murakami Ryū Eiga Shōsetsushū?) The collection of the Ryū Murakami movie novels
1996 モニカ-音楽家の夢・小説家の物語 (Monika – Ongakuka noYume Shōsetsuka no Yume?) Monica - Dream of musician, story of novelist Joint work with Ryuichi Sakamoto
1997 白鳥 (Hakuchō?) Swan
1998 ワイン一杯だけの真実 (Wain Ippai dake no Shinjitsu?) Truth of a cup of wine
2003 とおくはなれてそばにいて (Tōku Hanarete Soba ni ite?)
どこにでもある場所どこにもいないわたし (Dokonidemo aru Basho Dokonimo inai Watashi?) renamed to 空港にて (Kūkō nite at the airport?) in the paperback edition
2007 特権的情人美食 村上龍料理&官能小説集 (Tokkenteki Jōjin Bishoku Murakami Ryū Ryōri & Kannō Shōsetsushū?) The privileged mistress gastronomy: The collection of Ryū Murakami dish & sensuality novels
2012 55歳からのハローライフ (Gojūgo-sai kara no Harōraifu?) Hello Life from 55 years old

English short stories[edit]

Year Japanese Title English Title Notes
2004 It's Been Just a Year and a Half Now Since I Went with My Boss to That Bar short story published in Zoetrope: All-Story (Vol. 8, No. 4, 2004). English translation by Ralph McCarthy.[5]
2005 I am a Novelist short story published in The New Yorker (Jan. 3, 2005).
English translation by Ralph McCarthy
2009 At the Airport short story in Zoetrope All-Story (Vol. 13, No. 2, 2009). English translation by Ralph McCarthy.[5]
2010 No Matter How Many Times I Read Your Confession, There’s One Thing I Just Don’t Understand: Why Didn’t You Kill the Woman? Zoetrope All-Story (Vol. 14, No. 4, 2010).[5]
2011 Penlight Zoetrope All-Story (Vol. 15, No. 3, 2011). English translation by Ralph McCarthy.[5]

Non-fiction and essays[edit]

Year Japanese Title English Title Notes
1985 アメリカン★ドリーム American Dream
1987 すべての男は消耗品である。 All the men are consumables. Vol.1–11 (1987–2010)
1991 村上龍全エッセイ 1976-1981 All the Ryū Murakami essays 1976-1981
村上龍全エッセイ 1982-1986 All the Ryū Murakami essays 1982-1986
村上龍全エッセイ 1987-1991 All the Ryū Murakami essays 1987-1991
1992 龍言飛語
1993 「普通の女の子」として存在したくないあなたへ。 To you who don’t want to exist as "an ordinary girl."
1996 あなたがいなくなった後の東京物語 Tokyo Story after you go away
1998 寂しい国の殺人 Murder in the lonely country
フィジカル・インテンシティ Physical Intensity Vol.1-5 (1998-2002)
1999 寂しい国から遥かなるワールドサッカーへ From the Lonely country to far-off world soccer
2000 誰にでもできる恋愛 The love that anyone can do
2001 ダメな女 Useless Woman
2002 だまされないために、わたしは経済を学んだ 村上龍weekly report I studied economics so as not to be deceived: Ryū Murakami weekly report
恋愛の格差 Involuntary celibacy
マクロ・日本経済からミクロ・あなた自身へ 村上龍weekly report From macro, Japanese economy to micro, yourself: Ryū Murakami weekly report
2003 自殺よりはSEX 村上龍の恋愛・女性論 SEX is better than Suicide: Ryū Murakami’s theory of love and woman
2006 わたしは甘えているのでしょうか?27歳・OL Am I spoiling myself?

27 years old, female office worker

村上龍文学的エッセイ集 The collection of Ryū Murakami literary essays
2007 案外、買い物好き Unexpectedly, I’m a shopping lover
2008 それでもわたしは、恋がしたい 幸福になりたい お金も欲しい Still I want to love, want to be happy, and also want money
2009 無趣味のすすめ Encouragement of the having no hobby
2010 逃げる中高年、欲望のない若者たち Old and middle age who run away, youths with few wants
2012 櫻の樹の下には瓦礫が埋まっている Debris is buried under the cherry tree.

Interviews and letters[edit]

Year Japanese Title English Title Notes
1977 中上健次vs村上龍 俺たちの船は、動かぬ霧の中を、纜を解いて Kenji Nakagami vs Ryū Murakami: Our ship unmoors in a stagnant fog with Kenji Nakagami
1981 ウォーク・ドント・ラン 村上龍VS村上春樹 Walk, Don’t Run: Ryū Murakami vs Haruki Murakami with Haruki Murakami
1985 EV.Cafe 超進化論 EV.Cafe ultra-Darwinism with Ryuichi Sakamoto
1992 友よ、また逢おう See you, my friend Ryū Murakami = Ryuichi Sakamoto letters
1994 村上龍+椹木野衣 最新対論 神は細部に宿る Ryū Murakami + Noi Sawaragi Latest Discussion: God is in the details with Noi Sawaragi
1999 村上龍対談集 存在の耐えがたきサルサ Ryū Murakami interview collection: The Unbearable Salsa[disambiguation needed] of Being
2006 「個」を見つめるダイアローグ 村上壟X伊藤穣一 ("Ko" wo Mitsumeru Daiarōgu Murakami Ryū X Itō Jōichi?) Dialogue to stare at "individual": Ryū Murakami X Joichi Ito

Picture book[edit]

Year Japanese Title English Title Notes
1983 絵本 だいじょうぶマイ・フレンド Picture book: All Right, My Friend Illustrator: Katsu Yoshida
1989 友達のラ リ ル レ ロ Illustrator: Sumako Yasui
1996 絵物語・永遠の一瞬 すてきなジェニファー Wonderful Jennifer Illustrator: Yoko Yamamoto
1999 あの金で何が買えたか バブル・ファンタジー What were we able to buy with that money?: Bubble Fantasy Illustrator: Yuka Hamano
2000 ストレイト・ストーリー The Straight Story picture book of the movie (director: David Lynch) of the same title, Illustrator: Yuka Hamano
2001 おじいさんは山へ金儲けに 時として、投資は希望を生む The old man goes to the mountain for money-making. The investment occasionally produces hope. Illustrator: Yuka Hamano
2003 13歳のハローワーク Hello Work for 13 years old Illustrator: Yuka Hamano
ポストマン Postman Illustrator: Yuka Hamano
シールド(盾) (Sīrudo (Tate)?) Shield Illustrator: Yuka Hamano

Filmography[edit]

Year Japanese Title English Title Role Director
1979 限りなく透明に近いブルー
Kagirinaku tōmei ni chikai burū
Almost Transparent Blue Novel, Scriptwriter, Director Ryū Murakami
1983 だいじょうぶマイ・フレンド
Daijōbu mai furendo
All Right, My Friend Novel, Scriptwriter, Director Ryū Murakami
1989 ラッフルズホテル
Raffuruzu Hoteru
Raffles Hotel Novel, Director Ryū Murakami
1992 トパーズ
Topāzu
Topaz a.k.a. Tokyo Decadence Novel, Scriptwriter, Director Ryū Murakami
1996 ラブ&ポップ
Rabu & Poppu
Love & Pop Novel Hideaki Anno
1999 オーディション
Ōdishon
Audition Novel Takashi Miike
2000 KYOKO Because of You Novel, Scriptwriter, Director Ryū Murakami
2001 走れ!イチロー
Hashire! Ichirō
Run! Ichiro Novel Kazuki Omori
2003 昭和歌謡大全集
Shōwa kayō daizenshū
Karaoke Terror: The Complete Japanese Showa Songbook Novel Tetsuo Shinohara
2004 シクスティナイン
Shikusutinain
69 Novel Lee Sang-il
2006 ポプラル!
Popuraru!
Popular! Executive Producer Jen Paz
2008 コインロッカー・ベイビーズ
Koinrokkā Beibīzu
Coin Locker Babies Novel Michele Civetta

References[edit]

External links[edit]