Rzeczpospolita Polska (magazine)
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Rzeczpospolita Polska was the official magazine of the Government Delegation for Poland (highest authority of the Polish Underground State). It was a source of instruction and information for other Polish underground organizations, including other underground publications, operating in occupied Poland.
First issue of Rzeczpospolita Polska was published on 15 March 1941, and last in July 1945, at the time that the Council of National Unity and the Government Delegation had disbanded. The circulation of the magazine varied from about 3,500 to 16,000 copies. Over its five years of existence, 80 issues were published. It was published biweekly. It was published in Warsaw, and after the fall of the Warsaw Uprising (when for a brief period is was published as a daily), in Kraków.
The first issue had twenty pages and the following articles: Independent Rzeczpospolita exits and fights, Belief in the victory, Treuga Dei in Poland, Cynicism, provocation and crime, and regular columns on Polish issues abroad, Foreign chronicle, and On the lands of Rzeczpospolita.
- first: official declarations, statements and communications from the Delegate
- second: articles representing views of the Delegature
- third: materials on the activities of the Polish government-in-exile, and on the Polish Forces in the West
- fourth: international news, and the progress of the war
- fifth: reports on the goings on in the territories annexed by Nazi Germany and in the territories annexed by the Soviet Union); later this would be expanded to dedicated supplements
- sixth: overview of other interesting underground articles
Chief editor was Stanisław Kauzik, replaced by Franciszek Głowiński ("Tadeusz Bronicz", "Czołowski"). Głowiński was arrested on 2 February 1944, and replaced by Teofil Syga ("Cedro", "Grudzień"). Other members of the editorial board included Tadeusz Kolski, Witold Żarski, Stefan Krzywoszewski, Marian Grzegorczyk, Zbigniew Kunicki and Jan Mosiński, and Witold Giełżyński, Marian Grzegorczyk, Tadeusz Kobylański, Kazimierz Koźniewski, Stefan Krzywoszewski as well as Zbigniew Kunicki. The magazine was supported by writers such as Andrzej Tretiak, Wacław Borowy and Zygmunt Wojciechowski.
- Waldemar Grabowski, Polska tajna administracja cywilna: 1940–1945', Instytut Pamięci Narodowej—Komisja Ścigania Zbrodni przeciwko Narodowi Polskiemu, 2003, p. 222
- Stanisława Lewandowska, Polska konspiracyjna prasa informacyjno-polityczna, 1939–1945, Czytelnik, 1982, p. 60
- Al'bina Fedorovna Noskova; Institut slavi︠a︡novedenii︠a︡ i balkanistiki (Rossiĭskai︠a︡ akademii︠a︡ nauk); Gosudarstvennyĭ arkhiv Rossiĭskoĭ Federat︠s︡ii; Związek Kombatantów Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej i Byłych Więźniów Politycznych (1998). NKWD i polskie podziemie 1944–1945: z "teczek specjalnych" Józefa W. Stalina. TAiWPN Universitas. p. 368. ISBN 978-83-7052-920-8. Retrieved 17 July 2011.
- Jerzy Jarowiecki; Jerzy Myśliński; Andrzej Notkowski (1980). Prasa polska w latach 1939–1945. Państwowe Wydawn. Nauk. p. 57. ISBN 978-83-01-01728-6. Retrieved 17 July 2011.
- Polska Akademia Nauk. Pracownia Historii Czasopiśmiennictwa Polskiego XIX i XX Wieku (1984). Kwartalnik historii prasy polskiej. Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich. p. 30. Retrieved 17 July 2011.