São Leopoldo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the ship, see MV São Leopoldo.
City of São Leopoldo
Flag of City of São Leopoldo
Flag
Official seal of City of São Leopoldo
Seal
Nickname(s): The Giant of Valley (O Gigante do Vale)
Location in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Location in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
City of São Leopoldo is located in Brazil
City of São Leopoldo
City of São Leopoldo
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 29°45′36″S 51°08′49″W / 29.76000°S 51.14694°W / -29.76000; -51.14694Coordinates: 29°45′36″S 51°08′49″W / 29.76000°S 51.14694°W / -29.76000; -51.14694
Country Brazil
Region South
State Rio Grande do Sul
Demonym capile ou leopoldense
Founded July 25, 1824
Incorporated April 1, 1846 (town)
  1864 (city)
Government
 • Mayor Anibal Moacir da Silva (PSDB)
Area
 • Total 102.313 km2 (39.503 sq mi)
Elevation 26 m (85 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 214,210
 • Density 2,093.67/km2 (5,422.6/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Website Prefeitura de São Leopoldo

São Leopoldo is an important Brazilian industrial city located in the south state of Rio Grande do Sul.

Geography[edit]

It occupies a total area of 103.9 km² (around 80 km² urban area) at circa 30 km from the State Capital, Porto Alegre. The climate is sub-tropical, with temperatures varying from 2°C minimum at Winter to more than 40°C maximum during summer time. Summers are fairly dry.

History[edit]

Established on July 25, 1824, by German immigrants, São Leopoldo is considered the cradle of German culture in Brazil, that is to say, it is the first official city designed by the national Brazilian governor to start the German plan of immigration in the country. It had, in 2006, a population of approximately 210,000.

São Leopoldo is one of the 13 cities along the Rota Romântica ('Romantic Route'), a touristic scenic route that runs from the State Capital towards the Serra Gaúcha.

Minority language[edit]

Riograndenser Hunsrückisch is a regional language in South America like Pennsylvania Deitsch is in North America. They are also similar because of their origin in the Rhine region of southwest Germany. As a Brazilian variant of European Franconian languages, it is also spoken beyond the state of Rio Grande do Sul, where for almost two hundred years it has been historically centered and where most of its 2 to 3 millions speakers live (there are speakers in neighboring southern Brazilian states, as well as in Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay).

There are many other municipalities with this bilingual profile throughout the state and the German language is experiencing a strong revival: In 2012 the state chamber of deputies voted unanimously in favor of recognizing the Hunsrückisch Germanic dialect of Rio Grande do Sul an official historical Intangible cultural heritage to be preserved.[1][2]

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]