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Of the total population of 83,600, more than 22,000 are Assyrian/Syriac immigrants arriving in this area since the 1960s and 1970s, and has the largest group of any other cities in Europe. Since early 2000s, large numbers of Iraqis immigrants settled in Södertälje and the city has taken more Iraqi immigrants than the United States and Canada combined, even though these countries have a combined population of around 335 million.
Södertälje also has the fifth largest number of Finnish-speakingSweden Finns in Sweden: 11,000, or around 13 per cent of the city population. Thus, taken together, Assyrians / Syriacs and Finns account for 40 per cent of the inhabitants of the city.
The municipality was created 1967–1971 through the amalgamation of the former City of Södertälje with large rural and suburban areas surrounding it. In 1999 it was split when a new entity, Nykvarn Municipality, was detached from Södertälje Municipality.