(Upper) Matsukawa Lagoon, Uda River, (Center) Soma Shrine, (Lower) Hyakusyaku Kannon, and Soma Nakamura Shrine.
Location of Sōma in Fukushima Prefecture
|• Mayor||Hidekiyo Tachiya|
|• Total||197.67 km2 (76.32 sq mi)|
|Population (May 1, 2011)|
|• Density||190/km2 (480/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Tree||Japanese Black Pine|
|- Flower||Spring: Sakura
Summer: Rugosa Rose
Autumn: Balloon flower
|- Bird||Japanese Bush-warbler|
|Address||13 Nakamura aza Ōtesaki, Sōma-shi, Fukushima-ken
The area was formerly divided between the districts of Namekata and Uda, which had alternated between belonging to the old Iwaki Province, Mutsu Province, the second Iwaki Province, and today's Fukushima Prefecture. In 1896, Namekata and Uda were merged to create Sōma District.
Formerly named Nakamura (中村?), Sōma City was the base of the Sōma clan from the late Sengoku period until the Boshin War. In the 7th century, present-day Sōma city was the realm of the Uda no Kuninomiyatsuko (浮田国造?).[clarification needed] The Sōma horse chasing Festival held on July 23 to 25 every year is a designated an Important Intangible Folk Cultural Property.
March 2011 earthquake and tsunami
The eastern, sea-side part of Sōma was inundated by devastating tsunami flood waters following the magnitude 9.0 earthquake off its coastline on March 11, 2011. The tsunami reached up to approximately 4 km inland in Sōma, flooded areas included Sōma Port and the Matsukawa-ura Bay area, up to the elevated Route 6 Sōma Bypass. The tsunami was measured to have been 9.3 meters or higher in Sōma.
- "Estimated population May 1, 2011" (in Japanese). Official Fukushima Prefecture website. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
- Kyodo News, "Survivors in trauma after life-changing nightmare day", The Japan Times, 13 March 2011, p. 2.
- NHK, TV News Broadcast, 13 March 2011.
- http://www.jma.go.jp/en/tsunami/observation_2_04_20110313180559.html JMA tsunami observation data.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Soma, Fukushima.|
- Sōma City official website (Japanese)