Sáros County

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Sáros County
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
13th century–1920

Coat of arms of Sáros

Coat of arms

Location of Sáros
Capital Eperjes
49°0′N 21°14′E / 49.000°N 21.233°E / 49.000; 21.233Coordinates: 49°0′N 21°14′E / 49.000°N 21.233°E / 49.000; 21.233
History
 -  Established 13th century
 -  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920
Area
 -  1910 3,652 km2 (1,410 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 174,600 
Density 47.8 /km2  (123.8 /sq mi)
Today part of Slovakia
Prešov is the current name of the capital.

Sáros (-Hungarian, Slovak: Šariš, Latin: comitatus Sarossiensis, German: Scharosch) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in northeastern Slovakia. Today, Šariš is only an informal designation of the corresponding territory.

Geography[edit]

Map of Sáros county

Sáros county shared borders with the Austrian crownland Galicia and the Hungarian counties Szepes (Spiš), Abaúj-Torna (Abov-Turňa) and Zemplén (Zemplín). It was situated between the Levoča Hills (i.e., Spiš), Košice and Svidník. The river Torysa flowed through the county. Its area was 3,652 km² around 1910.

Capitals[edit]

The capital of Sáros county was Sáros Castle. After various other towns, since 1647 the capital has been Prešov (Hungarian: Eperjes).

History[edit]

Šariš county was created before the 13th century from the comitatus Novi Castri (named after Novum Castrum, today Abaújvár), which also included the later counties Abov and Heves.

In the aftermath of World War I, most of Sáros county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia, as recognized by the concerned states in the 1920 Treaty of Trianon. During World War II, when Czechoslovakia was divided, Šariš became part of the First Slovak Republic. Since 1993, Šariš has been part of Slovakia, located in the Prešov Region. Historically a prosperous region, it is nowadays relatively poor.

Demographics[edit]

1900[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 174,470 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910[edit]

In 1910, the county had a population of 174,620 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Sáros county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Bártfa Bártfa, SK Bardejov
Eperjes Eperjes, SK Prešov
Felsővízköz Felsővízköz, SK Svidník
Girált Girált, SK Giraltovce
Héthárs Héthárs, SK Lipany
Kisszeben Kisszeben, SK Sabinov
Lemes Lemes, SK Lemešany
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Bártfa, SK Bardejov
Eperjes, SK Prešov
Kisszeben, SK Sabinov

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26.