São Cristóvão

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This article is about the city in Sergipe state, Brazil. For other uses, see São Cristóvão (disambiguation).

São Cristóvão (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃w kɾisˈtɔvɐ̃w], Saint Christopher) is a Brazilian city in the Northeastern state of Sergipe. Its population was 75,353 (2005) and its area is 437 km².[1] It is the third largest settlement in the state, behind Aracaju and Nossa Senhora do Socorro. The city is home to the Federal University of Sergipe.[2]

UNESCO World Heritage Site
São Francisco Square in the Town of São Cristóvão
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Type Cultural
Criteria iii, vi
Reference 1272
UNESCO region Americas
Inscription history
Inscription 2010 (34th Session)

History[edit]

Church in São Cristóvão.

It was established by the Portuguese (in a time when Portugal, Spain and the Naples kingdoms were under the rule of Philip II of Spain) as one of the first colonization attempts in Sergipe, which makes the city the fourth oldest one in Brazil. The development of the town occurred following the Portuguese urban model, that is, in two plans: the higher town, where the headquarters of the civil and religious powers are; and lower town, with the harbour, the factories, and the low income population.[3] It was the state capital until 1855, when the provincial president Inácio Joaquim Barbosa moved the capital to Aracaju.

In 1967, the city was designated a national monument to preserve its colonial architecture. Among the important sacred buildings are the Church and Convent of São Francisco (which date from 1693), the Santa Casa de Misericordia (17th century Sisters of Mercy hospital), the Chapel of the Immaculate Conception of Mary (1751), the Mother Church of Our Lady of Victory (1766) and several other important churches from the 18th century, including the Church of Our Lady of the Rosary of Colored Men, the Church of Our Lady of Amparo, and the Monastery of São Bento. The Museum of Sacred Art of the Church and Convent of São Francisco, is considered the third most important in Brazil.

São Francisco Square[edit]

São Francisco Square, in the town of São Cristovão, is a quadrilateral open space surrounded by substantial early buildings such as São Francisco Church and convent, the Church and Santa Casa da Misericórdia, the Provincial Palace and the associated houses of different historical periods surrounding the Square. This monumental ensemble, together with the surrounding 18th- and 19th- century houses, creates an urban landscape which reflects the history of the town since its origin. The Franciscan complex is an example of the typical architecture of the religious order developed in north-eastern Brazil.

In 2010 it was selected as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Economy[edit]

The city is a shipping port, and its main industries are sugar milling and distilling.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 11°00′54″S 37°12′21″W / 11.01500°S 37.20583°W / -11.01500; -37.20583