The creation of the municipality of São José dos Pinhais was made through the Law No. 10 of the then province of São Paulo, on July 16, 1852, which specified that the headquarters of the city would be called Villa of São José dos Pinhais, and the political establishment, with the installation of the City Council occurred on January 8, 1853. On December 27, 1897, the village was finally elevated to city status.
São José dos Pinhais is the second most populous of the meso and the population has grown rapidly in a short time: in 2000 there were approximately 196 000 inhabitants, in 2008 the number is over 280 000 inhabitants. Pinhais is the municipality with the fifth largest metropolitan region of Curitiba.