Sées

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"Sees" redirects here. For the candy manufacturer, see See's Candy.
Sées
Cathedral
Cathedral
Sées is located in France
Sées
Sées
Coordinates: 48°36′19″N 0°10′19″E / 48.6053°N 0.1719°E / 48.6053; 0.1719Coordinates: 48°36′19″N 0°10′19″E / 48.6053°N 0.1719°E / 48.6053; 0.1719
Country France
Region Lower Normandy
Department Orne
Arrondissement Alençon
Canton Sées
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Jean-Pierre Pelletier
Area1 40.31 km2 (15.56 sq mi)
Population (1999)2 4,504
 • Density 110/km2 (290/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 61464 / 61500
Elevation 170–321 m (558–1,053 ft)
(avg. 188 m or 617 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Sées is a commune in the Orne department in north-western France.

It lies on the Orne River 3 miles (5 km) from its source and 13 miles (20 km) north-by-northeast of Alençon.

Name[edit]

The town's name derives from the Latin (civitas) Sagiensis "city of the Sagii", a Gaulish tribe that turned it into its capital city. The traditional spelling was Séez, which has been retained by the Church; the Diocese of Séez is headed by the Bishop of Séez. However, the spelling Sées was adopted for the town by the civil authorities following Napoléon's successful Italian campaign of 1796–7, one result of which was to bring another (Savoyan) Séez into France.

History[edit]

The first bishop of Sées was St Lain, who lived about the fourth century. In the ninth century, Sées was a fortified town and fell a prey to the Normans. At that period Sées had two distinct parts: the Ornethe bishop's borough to the north and the new count's borough (Bourg le Comte) to the south. The counts of Alençon took control in 1356. It was captured and recaptured in the wars between Henry II of England and his sons. In the Hundred Years' War it was one of the first towns of Normandy to fall into the hands of the English, in 1418. Pillaged by the Protestants during the Wars of Religion, Sées attached itself to the Catholic League in 1589, but voluntarily surrendered to Henry IV of France in 1590.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Sées
The arms of Sées are blazoned :
Azure, in pale a fleur de lys Or, a heart argent enflamed Or, and 2 hands clasping argent.



Sights[edit]

The town is an episcopal see and has a Gothic cathedral of remarkably bold architecture. The cathedral dates from the 13th and 14th centuries and occupies the site of three earlier churches. The west front, which is obscured by the buttresses flying from it, has two stately spires of open work 230 feet (70 m) high. The nave was built towards the end of the 13th century. The choir, built soon afterwards, is remarkable for the lightness of its construction. In the choir are four bas-reliefs of great beauty representing scenes in the life of the Virgin Mary; and the altar is adorned with another depicting the removal of the relics of St. Gervais and St. Protais. The church has constantly been the object of restoration and reconstruction.

Other noteworthy buildings are the episcopal palace (1778), with a pretty chapel; the higher seminary, located in the old abbey of St. Martin, supposed to be one of the 14 or 15 monasteries founded in the sixth century by St. Evroult; and the sumptuous modern channel of the Immaculate Conception, a resort of pilgrims.

See also[edit]

References[edit]