|Participant in Central African Republic conflict (2012–present)|
|Opponents||Central African Armed Forces (Formerly, September 2012-March 2013)
Military of Chad
Séléka CPSK-CPJP-UFDR is an alliance of rebel militia factions that overthrew the Central African Republic government on March 24, 2013. Séléka leader Michel Djotodia became the nation's president from March 2013 until his resignation in January 2014. Members of Séléka are almost entirely Muslim.
The word Seleka means "Coalition" in Sango, the CAR's local national language, and one of two official languages with French. The international media has shortened the full name Séléka CPSK-CPJP-UFDR to la Séléka in French or often Seleka in English.
The term Séléka had been used previously in CAR politics when Jean-Jacques Démafouth launched the political party New Alliance for Progress (French: Nouvelle Alliance pour le Progrès) with the Sango name Fini Seleka.
The rebel coalition originated in an agreement signed between factions of the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP) and the Patriotic Convention for Saving the Country (CPSK), two of the CAR's many anti-government militias. CPJP in this case refers to the "Fundamental" splinter group of the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace, one of many militias involved in the CAR's long-running civil war. A different faction of the CPJP signed a peace accord with the government on August 25.
The Séléka first emerged on 15 September 2012 under the name alliance CPSK-CPJP, when it published a press release taking responsibility for the attacks on three towns that day. It was the last of the major rebel groups to do so. The Patriotic Convention for Saving the Country (CPSK) was previously hardly known.
On 15 December 2012 the group published its first press release using the full name "Séléka CPSK-CPJP-UFDR". This including the Union of Democratic Forces for Unity (UFDR). Two groups that do not appear in the title, the long-standing militia Democratic Front of the Central African People (FDPC), and the newly minted Alliance for Revival and Rebuilding (A2R), were reportedly part of the alliance.
The Seleka weren’t an overtly religious movement, but they were mostly Muslim, as was Michel Djotodia, the president they installed in March 2013 after taking power. The fighters that ushered in Djotodia ran wild across the country during his time in office, plundering villages and killing Christians as well as supporters of the former president Francois Bozize.
In September 2013 Michel Djotodia announced that Seleka had been dissolved. The disbanded group has dispersed into the countryside and have been committing mass atrocities according to Human Rights Watch. Executions, rape and looting by ex-Seleka fighters after the coup and disbanding have fomented religious tension where the population is 80% Christian. Christian militias, using the name anti-balaka, have been formed to fight the Muslim Seleka. The United Nations is considering sending troops to stop the atrocities. On November 26, France indicated that it would boost its presence an additional 1,000 soldiers in the Central African Republic to augment its existent 400 troops if it receives U.N. backing.
On May 28, 2014, the Seleka members threw grenades before shooting indiscriminately at the Church of Fatima in the capital Bangui, killing at least 11 people. The government of Uganda has declared that is now at war with Seleka accusing them of forcing civilians to give food and medicine to the Lords Resistance Army and of trading ivory and minerals with them. Seleka denied the accusation.
|This section requires expansion. (January 2014)|
General Ousmane Mamadou Ousmane was the president of a commission tasked with bringing military reform within Seleka.
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- RFI 2013-12-31.
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- The Economist: "The Central African Republic - Ever darker" November 8, 2013
- BBC: "Central African Republic: Religious tinderbox" November 4, 2013
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- AFP 2013-01-01.
- Bouquiaux 1978, p. 307no entry exists for seleka between "sèlègbhia" (embassy) and "sèlèngbè (suffix)
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- Zambia City Press: "The killing fields of CAR" by Nazanine Moshir November 10, 2013
- The Hindu: "CAR tense as rebels wreak havoc" by David Smith November 27, 2013
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- Bouquiaux, Luc (1978). Dictionnaire sango-français = Bàkàrī sāngō̳-fàránzì. Langues et civilisations à tradition orale ; 29. Paris: Société d'études linguistiques et anthropologiques de France. ISBN 2852970163.
- Reuters (2013-03-24). "Central African Republic rebels seize capital and force president to flee". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2013-03-31.