Südfriedhof (Leipzig)

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Südfriedhof
South Cemetery
Suedfriedhof Leipzig 2011.jpg
South side of the chapel complex
Details
Year established 1879
Location Leipzig, Saxony, Germany
Country Germany
Coordinates 51°18′33″N 12°24′45″E / 51.30917°N 12.41250°E / 51.30917; 12.41250
Type Public
Size 82 ha
Website Website
Find a Grave Website

Südfriedhof (German: South Cemetery) is, with an area of 82 hectares, the largest cemetery in Leipzig. It is located in the south of Leipzig in the immediate vicinity of the Völkerschlachtdenkmal. The Südfriedhof is, along with the Ohlsdorf Cemetery in Hamburg and the Südwestkirchfriedhof Stahnsdorf in Berlin, the largest park-like cemetery in Germany.

History[edit]

The plans for the cemetery began in 1879. Initially it was created on an area of 54 hectares. Responsible for this were the horticultural director of Leipzig, Otto Wittenberg and the architect Hugh Licht. The conduct of ways is in form of a linden leaf, which reflects the Slavic name of Leipzig "The Town of the Linden", and fulfil the aims of Art Nouveau as a Gesamtkunstwerk.

With the rapid development of the city during its industrialisation, incorporation of nearby settlements and the consequent steady population growth a new cemetery was needed. On 1 June 1886 the Südfriedhof was opened by Mayor Otto Robert Georgi after the Nordfriedhof (North Cemetery) was opened in 1881. Shortly after, the first burial was made and the grave is still preserved in the I. Division. However, this burial ground was very unpopular at first. Many citizens of Leipzig chose to be buried at the Neuer Johannisfriedhof (New St. John's Cemetery) but this changed when it began to fill up and the trees on the Südfriedhof became greater and the proposed park character was recognisable.

Visitors to the nearby Völkerschlachtdenkmal notice at first the chapel with its 60 meter high bell tower, which was opened in 1910. The Neo-Romanesque building ensemble, was built on a filled-up plateau and under the direction of Leipzig's building director Otto Wilhelm Scharenberg. It had the Romanesque Maria Laach Abbey in the Eifel region as a model and is the largest cemetery monument in Germany. The symmetrical complex of chapel facilities, crematorium and columbarium blends inconspicuously into the overall picture and is justified to the main north-south axis of the cemetery. Until 1924 the cemetery was enlarged to 63 hectares. During World War II the most recent cemetery extension was made to the present area of 82 hectares. They buried the 3474 victims of the bombing of Leipzig in today's XXVIII. Division.

Particularly noteworthy are the historical monuments, some of which were by artists such as Max Klinger, Fritz Behn, Max Lange or Carl Seffner created in various styles.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Due to the park-like character of the cemetery you find several kinds of trees, such as sweetgum, Mahonia,[dubious ] Metasequoia, Kentucky coffeetree, ginkgo and several kinds of Tilia. Furthermore you can find about 9,000 Rhododendrons, which are up to four meters high. At the cemetery 60 nesting bird species are listed. There are numerous red squirrel and in the quiet morning and evening hours rabbits or foxes can be seen.

Notable Persons[edit]

Gravestone of Hans Meyer
Gravestone of Werner Tübke
Gravestone of Samuel Heinicke

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°18′32″N 12°24′43″E / 51.309°N 12.412°E / 51.309; 12.412