The village was named after the Christian saint, St. Sixtus. In 1521 it was mentioned as Sykesd. Originally the village was situated much closer to the Danube, but due to the frequent floods, in the early 19th century, the archbishop of Kalocsa resettled its inhabitants on a nearby hill. The new Roman Catholic church was built in 1821. Sükösd had been for centuries the property of the archbishops of Kalocsa, however in the 20th century, Count Mihály Cseszneky de Milvány bought the estate, but his fortune was nationalised in the Communist-ruled People's Republic of Hungary.