Sürmeli Ali Pasha

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For other people named Ali Pasha, see Ali Pasha (disambiguation).
Sürmeli
Ali
Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
13 March 1694 – 22 April 1695
Monarch Ahmed II
Mustafa II
Preceded by Bozoklu Mustafa Pasha
Succeeded by Elmas Mehmed Pasha
Personal details
Born c. 1645
Didymoteicho, Ottoman Greece
Died 29 May 1695
Edirne, Ottoman Empire
Nationality Ottoman
Military service
Allegiance  Ottoman Empire
Rank Serdar (commander)
Battles/wars Great Turkish War

Sürmeli Ali Pasha (c. 1645 – 29 May 1695) was an Ottoman statesman who served as grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire from 1694 to 1695. According to historian von Hammer, his epithet sürmeli means "did not know his place," while Uzunçarşılı claims that it more literally means "wearing mascara" in Turkish.

Ali was born in Didymoteicho (today in East Macedonia and Thrace, northeastern Greece). He was a high ranking bureaucrat, serving in the shipyards and in the treasury. He also served as the governor of Cyprus and Tripoli Eyalet (modern-day Tripoli, Lebanon).

On 13 March 1694, he was appointed as the grand vizier by sultan Ahmed II. He also took the title serdar, meaning the "commander of the army," and fought against Habsburg Monarchy. He laid siege to Petrovaradin (in modern-day Serbia), but soon lifted it.

On 6 February 1695, Ahmed II died, and after some hesitation, the new sultan Mustafa II dismissed Sürmeli Ali Pasha on 22 April 1695. There were several reasons for this. Mustafa suspected that Sürmeli Ali Pasha's candidate for the throne instead of him had been a younger prince[1] and he further suspected that Sürmeli Ali Pasha was against his plan for commanding the army personally. Additionally, there was a power struggle between Sürmeli Ali Pasha and Feyzullah Efendi, the sultan's advisor (and later Shaykh al-Islām). Sürmeli Ali was accused of fraud and exiled to Çeşme (in modern-day İzmir Province, Turkey), but soon the sultan changed his mind and had Sürmeli Ali executed on 29 May 1695.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nicolae Jorga: Geschichte des Osmanischen Reiches Vol III. (tr: Nilüfer Epçeli), Yeditepe Yayınları, Istanbul, 2009, ISBN 975-6480-21-1, p. 220
  2. ^ Online history (Turkish)
Political offices
Preceded by
Bozoklu Mustafa Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
13 March 1694 – 22 April 1695
Succeeded by
Elmas Mehmed Pasha