|• Mayor||Fikri Usta|
|• Kaymakam||Mustafa Özarslan|
|• District||226.63 km2 (87.50 sq mi)|
|Elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|• District density||120/km2 (310/sq mi)|
Sürmene (Greek: Σούρμενα, Sourmena) is a town and a district of Trabzon Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. In ancient times it was also known as Hyssus or Hyssos (Υσσός in Greek) and Issiporto.
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The mayor is Fikri Usta (AKP).
The little town of Sürmene (Hamurgan) is situated some 40 km (25 mi) east of Trabzon. Known in antiquity also as Susarmia or Augustopolis, it lies on the River Kora (Manahoz Deresi) and is best known as the place where Xenophon and his Ten Thousand fell sick after eating wild honey, an event which was confirmed by the local people. In the village of Sürmene Kastil, 5 km (3.1 mi) to the west of Sürmene, stands a ruined medieval castle as well as the impressive 18th century Yapukoğlu Konağı mansion (Derebeyli Kale). It was formerly the seat of the Yapukoğlu family, who lived here as rulers (derebey) of the surrounding region relatively free of interference from the Sublime Porte in Istanbul.
Surmene county has had a lot educational institution since the first years of the Republic. As of today, Sürmene has a faculty (Surmene KTU Faculty of Marine Sciences), five vocational high schools, a high school and an Anatolian high school. In addition, there are many primary schools in the county. Also there is a student dormitory for university students' shelter in the county.
Surmene in terms of social life managed to become leader of the Eastern Black Sea.
Flora and fauna
According to WWF The most endemic flora tourf is exist in Ağaçbaşı yayla in Surmene.
- Zehirli biberiye (Andromeda polifolia),
- Böcek yiyen bitkilerden Drosera,
- Pamukotu (Eriophorum angustifolium ve E. latifolium),
- Kurtayağı (Lycopodiella inundata),
- Kara ot (Rhynchospora alba)
Ten Thousund's rote to Surmene
- "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- "An Overview of Rize's History". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2008-04-11.[dead link]
- Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationary Office. p. 73.
- District governor's official website
- District municipality's official website* Surmenem.com - A local website about Sürmene