Săcele

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For the commune in Constanţa County, see Săcele, Constanţa. For the village in Călăraşi County, see Tămădău Mare.
Săcele
Szecseleváros
Municipality
Skyline of Săcele
Location of Săcele
Location of Săcele
Location in Brașov County
Location in Brașov County
Săcele is located in Braşov County
Săcele
Săcele
Location of Săcele
Coordinates: 45°37′12″N 25°42′35″E / 45.62000°N 25.70972°E / 45.62000; 25.70972Coordinates: 45°37′12″N 25°42′35″E / 45.62000°N 25.70972°E / 45.62000; 25.70972
Country  Romania
County Braşov County
Status Municipality
Government
 • Mayor Radu Nistor Florea (Democratic Liberal Party)
Area
 • Total 320 km2 (120 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 30,043
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.municipiulsacele.ro/

Săcele (Romanian pronunciation: [səˈt͡ʃele]; German: Siebendörfer, Hungarian: Szecseleváros or Négyfalu) is a city in Braşov County, Romania, in the region of Transylvania, with a population of 29,915 inhabitants in 2002. It is practically adjacent to the city of Braşov, its city centre being situated 15 km away from downtown Braşov.

History[edit]

The city is now composed of former villages which now form the main sectors: Baciu (Bácsfalu, Batschendorf), Turcheş (Türkös, Türkeschdorf), Cernatu (Csernátfalu, Zerndorf) and Satulung (Hosszúfalu, Langendorf).

After the second half of the 11th century the villages are mentioned as "septem villae valacheles" (seven Vlach villages).

The first official mention is an act issued on May 16, 1366, by the Hungarian King Ludovic I de Anjou in which he offers the area between the Timiş and Olt rivers to a trusted friend—Count Stanislav. Later it was under the Saxon management of Kronstadt (Braşov).

During the Middle Ages three other villages belonged to the nowadays four, those three were: Tărlungeni, Zizin and Cărpiniş.

The Romanian name "Săcele" is first mentioned in a letter between the Wallachian Prince Vlad Călugărul (1482–1495) and the magistrate of Braşov.The Romanian etymology of "Săcele" is from "sătucele" meaning "small villages".

The German name was "Siebendörfen" which means "seven villages" and which is close to the Hungarian name "Hétfalu" or "Négyfalu".

The inhabitants were the "mocani"—local shepherds. They are mentioned in a few official documents and appear to have owned thousands of sheep, the villages being among the wealthiest in the area. They carried the local traditions across many Romanian lands due to the transhumance method of shepherding.

Their customs exist to these days: the "Sintilie" (Saint Elijah) festival, national costumes, etc.

Between the 13th and 14th centuries, an important Hungarian population has established in the region and marked the further development of the area.

After the fall of Communism in Romania in 1990, the city has diversified its economy. In Săcele there are nowadays several small furniture factories, lumber-mills, as well as meat-packaging facilities.

Buildings[edit]

The city has 17 churches of the following denominations: Orthodox, Lutheran, Reformed, Roman Catholic.

Sport[edit]

Football team: FC Săcele (playing in the 3rd League).

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1956 18,365 —    
1966 22,809 +24.2%
1977 30,551 +33.9%
1992 30,226 −1.1%
2002 29,967 −0.9%
2011 26,907 −10.2%
Source: Census data

According to the 2011 census, the town has a population of 26,907 of which 75.1% are Romanians, 23% Hungarians, 1.2% Roma and 0.2% Germans. At the 2002 census, 69% were Romanian Orthodox, 15.2% Evangelical Lutheran, 4.9% Roman Catholic, 3.4% each Reformed and Pentecostal, 1.1% belong to "another religion" and 0.5% Unitarian.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Săcele is twinned with:

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26.