Sīvalī

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
In this Burmese name, Shin is an honorific.
A wooden carving of Shin Thiwali.

Sīvalī (Pali: Sīvalī; Burmese: ရှင်သီဝလိShin Thiwali, pronounced: [ʃɪ̀ɴ θìwəlḭ]; Thai: พระสีวลี) is a Buddhist arahant widely venerated among Theravada Buddhists. He is the guardian saint of travel and is believed to ward off misfortune at home, such as fire or theft.[1] His veneration predates the introduction of Theravada Buddhism into present-day Myanmar (Burma). Shin Thiwali is typically depicted standing upright and carrying a walking staff, an almsbowl and prayer beads.[2] Born to Queen Suppavasa, Shin Thiwali is believed to have remained in his mother's womb for seven years because of past karma.[2] After a week in labor, Sīvalī's mother gave birth to a precocious boy who could immediately speak. Thereafter, Buddha's chief disciple Sariputra admitted Sīvalī into the Sangha.[3] The Burmese believe that he is still living, that he can be invoked to come by a special incantation and that his mere invisible presence will bring them prosperity and good fortune.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cooler, Richard M. "Chapter III The Pagan Period: Burma's Classic Age - 11th To 14th Centuries". The Art and Culture of Burma. Northern Illinois University. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Paw, Maung. "Maha Sivali Thera". Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Maung Htin Aung (2 October 2008). "Shin Thiwali". Folk Elements in Burmese Buddhism. Retrieved 18 March 2012.