S&M (Metallica album)

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S&M
Live album by Metallica and The San Francisco Symphony
Released November 23, 1999
Recorded April 21–22, 1999 at Berkeley Community Theatre, Berkeley, California
Genre Heavy metal, thrash metal, hard rock, symphonic metal
Length 133:13
Label Elektra, Vertigo
Producer Bob Rock
James Hetfield
Lars Ulrich
Michael Kamen
Metallica live albums chronology
Live Shit: Binge & Purge
(1993)
S&M
(1999)
Orgullo, Pasión y Gloria: Tres Noches en la Ciudad de México
(2009)
Metallica video chronology
Cunning Stunts
(1998)
S&M
(1999)
Classic Albums: Metallica – Metallica
(2001)
Singles from S&M
  1. "Nothing Else Matters '99"
    Released: November 22, 1999 [1]
  2. "No Leaf Clover"
    Released: March 20, 2000 [2]

S&M (an abbreviation of Symphony and Metallica) is a live album by the American heavy metal band Metallica, with The San Francisco Symphony conducted by Michael Kamen. It was recorded on April 21–22, 1999 at The Berkeley Community Theatre. This is the final Metallica album to feature Jason Newsted as bassist.

Album information[edit]

S&M contains performances of Metallica songs with additional symphonic accompaniment, which was composed by Michael Kamen, who also conducted the orchestra during the concert. The idea to combine heavy metal with an epic classical approach, as James Hetfield has stated repeatedly,[3][4] was an idea of Cliff Burton. Burton’s love of classical music, especially of Johann Sebastian Bach, can be traced back to many instrumental parts and melodic characteristics in Metallica’s songwriting including songs from Ride The Lightning and Master of Puppets.[5] The other inspiration was Deep Purple's 1969 Concerto for Group and Orchestra. Purple revived their hybrid musical performance in 1999's Live at the Royal Albert Hall after being notified that Metallica were doing theirs earlier that year.

In addition to songs from previous albums spanning Ride the Lightning through ReLoad, there are two new compositions: "No Leaf Clover" and "−Human". "The Ecstasy of Gold" by Ennio Morricone, Metallica's entrance music, was played live by the orchestra. "No Leaf Clover" has since been performed by Metallica in concert, using a recording of the orchestral prelude. "−Human", credited as "Minus Human", was included in the soundtrack of the Electronic Arts game NHL 99, but has rarely been performed since.

Several other songs, including "Wasting My Hate", "The Unforgiven", "Low Man's Lyric", "Fade to Black", The Unforgiven II, "Through the Never", "Harvester of Sorrow", and even more obscure and lesser-played tracks such as "Ronnie" and "Mama Said" were considered for selection, but were eventually dropped as it was decided by both Metallica and Kamen that they were not well-suited for symphonic accompaniment. Unexpectedly, the nearly ten-minute "...And Justice For All" was also considered for the setlist but, due to the gap in time since the band last played it and with little time to prepare, the idea was abandoned. On the S&M DVD documentary, Metallica and Kamen can be seen and heard discussing the orchestration for the Anti-Nowhere League and Metallica favourite cover-song "So What?", though it's obvious both parties were enjoying a good joke and had no intentions of performing the song.

Changes were made to the lyrics of some songs, most notably the removal of the second verse and chorus of "The Thing That Should Not Be" and playing the third verse in its place.

The "S" in the stylized "S&M" on the album cover is a backwards treble clef, while the "M" is taken from Metallica's logo.

The drum kit Ulrich used on the album currently resides in a Guitar Center in San Francisco.

Reception[edit]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 3/5 stars [6]
Entertainment Weekly B[7][8]
Q 3/5 stars[7]
Rolling Stone 3/5 stars [9]
Spin 8/10[7]
  • Rolling Stone (January 20, 2000, pp. 57–59) - 3 stars out of 5 - "...create the most crowded, ceiling-rattling basement rec room in rock....[in its] sheer awesomeness...the live performance succeeded....the monster numbers benefit from supersizing. The effect is more one of timelessness..."[9]
  • Spin (February 2000, pp. 114–5) - 8 out of 10 - "...makes their tempo and texture dynamics...into a topic in and off of itself, a deep evocation of bad-voodoo creeping willies culminating in 'One' and 'Enter Sandman'....Freed from ritualized superhuman extremism, it builds a soundtrack to everyday life."[7]
  • Entertainment Weekly (December 3, 1999, p. 102) - "Buttressed by grim strings, creaky horns, and thundering timpani, staples...creep with fearful new dimension, like an old Posada print come to life." - Rating: B[8]
  • Q (February 2000, p. 86) - 3 stars out of 5 - "...another just about forgivable flirtation with Spinal Tap-esque lunacy....a fine hit-heavy live LP with bolted-on bombast from the S.F. Symphony....Michael Kamen's scores swoop and soar with impressive portent throughout."[7]
  • CMJ (December 20, 1999, p. 24) - "...stunning....orchestral renditions of hits from the band's '90s output."[7]

Commercial performance[edit]

S&M sold 300,000 units in the first week of release,[10] and went on to sell a total of 2.5 million copies. As of 2003, the album has been certified 5x platinum.[citation needed] As of August 2013 the album has sold more than 8 million copies worldwide.

Track listing[edit]

Disc one
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "The Ecstasy of Gold"   Ennio Morricone 2:31
2. "The Call of Ktulu"   James Hetfield, Lars Ulrich, Cliff Burton, Dave Mustaine 9:34
3. "Master of Puppets"   Hetfield, Ulrich, Burton, Kirk Hammett 8:55
4. "Of Wolf and Man"   Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett 4:19
5. "The Thing That Should Not Be"   Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett 7:27
6. "Fuel"   Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett 4:36
7. "The Memory Remains"   Hetfield, Ulrich 4:42
8. "No Leaf Clover" (previously unreleased) Hetfield, Ulrich 5:43
9. "Hero of the Day"   Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett 4:45
10. "Devil's Dance"   Hetfield, Ulrich 5:26
11. "Bleeding Me"   Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett 9:02
Total length:
67:00
Disc two
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Nothing Else Matters"   Hetfield, Ulrich 6:47
2. "Until It Sleeps"   Hetfield, Ulrich 4:30
3. "For Whom the Bell Tolls"   Hetfield, Ulrich, Burton 4:52
4. "- Human" ("Nothing Else Matters '99" B-side) Hetfield, Ulrich 4:20
5. "Wherever I May Roam"   Hetfield, Ulrich 7:02
6. "The Outlaw Torn"   Hetfield, Ulrich 9:59
7. "Sad but True"   Hetfield, Ulrich 5:46
8. "One"   Hetfield, Ulrich 7:53
9. "Enter Sandman"   Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett 7:39
10. "Battery"   Hetfield, Ulrich 7:25
Total length:
67:38

Video release[edit]

Metallica also filmed and released the concert in DVD and VHS with direction by Wayne Isham. The VHS set has only the concert video, while the double DVD set has 5.1 sound (also: 2.0 band+orchestra, 2.0 band-only and 2.0 orchestra-only), 41 minute documentary about the concert, and two "No Leaf Clover" music videos: "Slice & Dice" version and the "Maestro Edit". The DVD also contains four songs with multi-angles where each band member can be viewed individually: "Of Wolf and Man", "Fuel", "Sad But True", and "Enter Sandman".

Personnel[edit]

Metallica[edit]

San Francisco Symphony[edit]

  • Michael Kamenconductor
  • John Kieser – general manager
  • Eric Achen, Joshua Garrett, Douglas Hull, Jonathan Ring, Bruce Roberts, Robert Ward, James Smelser – French horns
  • David Teie principal, Richard Andaya, Barara Bogatin, Jill Rachuy Brindel, David Goldblatt – celli
  • Jeremy Constant concertmaster, Daniel Banner, Enrique Bocedi, Paul Brancato, Catherine Down, Bruce Freifeld, Connie Gantsweg, Michael Gerling, Frances Jeffrey, Robert Zelnick, Yukiko Kamei, Naomi Kazama, Kum Mo Kim,Gurthanthaclops Yasuko Hattori, Melissa Kleinbart, Chumming Mo Kobialka, Daniel Kobialka, Rudolph Kremer, Kelly Leon-Pearce, Diane Nicholeris, Florin Parvulescu, Anne Pinsker, Victor Romasevich, Philip Santos, Peter Shelton – violins
  • Chris Bogios, Glenn Fischthal, Andrew McCandless, Craig Morris – trumpets
  • Stephen Paulson, Steven Dibner, Rob Weir – bassoons
  • Steven Braunstein – contrabassoon
  • Charles Chandler, Laurence Epstein, Chris Gilbert, William Ritchen, Stephen Tramontozzi, S. Mark Wright – double basses
  • Anthony J. Cirone, Ray Froelich, Thomas Hemphill, Artie Storch – percussion
  • Don Ehrlich, Gina Feinauer, David Gaudry, Christina King, Yun Jie Liu, Seth Mausner, Nanci Severance, Geraldine Walther – violas
  • John Engelkes, Tom Hornig, Paul Welcomer, Jeff Budin – trombones
  • Julie Ann Giacobassi, Eugene Izotov, Pamela Smith – oboes
  • Russ deLuna – English horn
  • David Herbert – timpani
  • Linda Lukas, Tim Day, Robin McKee – flutes
  • David Neuman, Carey Bell, Luis Beez – clarinets
  • Ben Friemuth – bass clarinet
  • Catherine Payne – piccolo
  • Navid Hooshyar – whistle
  • Douglas Rioth – harp
  • Robin Sutherland – keyboards
  • Peter Wahrhaftig – tuba

Production[edit]

  • Bob Rock, James Hetfield, Lars Ulrich, Michael Kamen – producers
  • Bob Rock, Randy Staub – engineers
  • Randy Staub, Ovidiu Nistor – mixing
  • George Marino – mastering
  • Billy Bowers, Paul DeCarli, Mike Gillies, Darren Grahn – digital editing
  • Stephen McLaughlin – recording
  • John Vrtacic – technical assistance
  • James Brett, Darren Grahn, Billy Konkel, Leff Lefferts, Kent Matcke, Stephen McLaughlin – assistants
  • Geoffrey Alexander, Ted Allen, Pete Anthony,Chris Wagner, Bruce Babcock, Chris Boardman, Bob Elhai, Michael Kamen, Blake Neely, Jonathan Sacks, Brad Warnaar – orchestration
  • Michael Kamen - music director
  • James Brett, Blake Neely, Michael Price – music preparation
  • Vic Fraser, Blake Neely – music copyist
  • Michael Kamen – arranger
  • Andie Airfix – design
  • Anton Corbijn – photography
  • Michael Kamen – liner notes

Video production[edit]

  • Wayne Isham – Video director
  • Bart Lipton – Video producer
  • Dana Marshall – Video producer

Chart performance[edit]

Album[edit]

Chart (1999) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[11] 1
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Wallonia)[12] 16
Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista)[13] 2
French Albums (SNEP)[14] 7
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[15] 1
New Zealand Albums (Recorded Music NZ)[16] 11
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[17] 1
Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)[18] 1
UK Albums (OCC)[19] 33
US Billboard 200[20] 2
Chart (2000) Peak
position
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[21] 3
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Flanders)[22] 4
Dutch Albums (MegaCharts)[23] 2
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[24] 4

Singles[edit]

Year Single Chart Position
1999 "No Leaf Clover" Mainstream Rock Tracks 1
Modern Rock Tracks 18
2000 Billboard Hot 100 74

Certification[edit]

Album[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
Australia (ARIA)[25] Platinum 70,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria)[26] Platinum 50,000x
Canada (Music Canada)[27] 3× Platinum 300,000^
Finland (Musiikkituottajat)[28] Platinum 72,831[28]
France (SNEP)[29] Platinum 300,000*
Germany (BVMI)[30] Platinum 300,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[31] 2× Platinum 30,000^
Poland (ZPAV)[32] 2× Platinum 200,000*
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[33] 2× Platinum 100,000x
United States (RIAA)[34] 5× Platinum 5,531,000^
Summaries
Europe (IFPI)[35] 2× Platinum 2,000,000*

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone

Video[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
Australia (ARIA)[36] 7× Platinum 105,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria)[37] Gold 5,000x
Brazil (ABPD)[38] Platinum 50,000*
United States (RIAA)[39] 6× Platinum 600,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone

Awards[edit]

Year Winner Category
2001 "The Call of Ktulu" Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance
Year Winner Category
1999 S&M Metal Edge Readers' Choice Award for Compilation Album of the Year[40]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nothing Else Matters '99 release date
  2. ^ No Leaf Clover release date
  3. ^ "Metallica: James Hetfield Talks On Cliff Burton's Influence". Ultimate Guitar. 
  4. ^ All Metallica - Symphony of Destruction - James Hetfield: 1999
  5. ^ Michael Custodis, chapter Film Music in Concert: Metallica mit Michael Kamen, in: Klassische Musik heute. Eine Spurensuche in der Rockmusik, Bielefeld transcript-Verlag 2009 ISBN 978-3-8376-1249-3
  6. ^ Allmusic Review
  7. ^ a b c d e f CD Universe
  8. ^ a b Lanham, Tom (December 3, 1999). "S&M". Entertainment Weekly: 102. Archived from the original on May 30, 2008. Retrieved January 17, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b Rolling Stone Review
  10. ^ Billboard - Google Books
  11. ^ "Metallica with Michael Kamen Conducting the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra – S&M". Australiancharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
  12. ^ "Metallica with Michael Kamen Conducting the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra – S&M" (in French). Ultratop.be. Hung Medien. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
  13. ^ "Metallica with Michael Kamen Conducting the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra: S&M" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
  14. ^ "Metallica with Michael Kamen Conducting the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra – S&M". Lescharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
  15. ^ "Top 100 Longplay". Officialcharts.de. GfK Entertainment. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
  16. ^ "Metallica with Michael Kamen Conducting the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra – S&M". Charts.org.nz. Hung Medien. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
  17. ^ "Metallica with Michael Kamen Conducting the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra – S&M". Norwegiancharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
  18. ^ "Metallica with Michael Kamen Conducting the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra – S&M". Swedishcharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
  19. ^ "1999-12-04 Top 40 UK Albums Archive". Official Charts Company. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
  20. ^ "Metallica Album & Song Chart History" Billboard 200 for Metallica. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
  21. ^ "Metallica with Michael Kamen Conducting the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra – S&M" (in German). Austriancharts.at. Hung Medien. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
  22. ^ "Metallica with Michael Kamen Conducting the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra – S&M" (in Dutch). Ultratop.be. Hung Medien. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
  23. ^ "Metallica with Michael Kamen Conducting the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra – S&M" (in Dutch). Dutchcharts.nl. Hung Medien. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
  24. ^ "Metallica with Michael Kamen Conducting the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra – S&M". Swisscharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
  25. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 1999 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved February 26, 2013. 
  26. ^ "Austrian album certifications – Metallica – S&M" (in German). IFPI Austria. Retrieved February 26, 2013.  Enter Metallica in the field Interpret. Enter S&M in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen
  27. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Metallica – S & M". Music Canada. Retrieved February 26, 2013. 
  28. ^ a b The first web page presents the sales figures, the second presents the certification limits:
  29. ^ "French album certifications – Metallica – S&M" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved February 26, 2013. 
  30. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Metallica; 'S & M')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved February 26, 2013. 
  31. ^ "Latest Gold / Platinum Albums". Radioscope. 17 July 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved February 26, 2013. 
  32. ^ "Polish album certifications – Metallica – S&M" (in Polish). Polish Producers of Audio and Video (ZPAV). Retrieved February 26, 2013. 
  33. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Metallica; 'S & M')". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 26, 2013. 
  34. ^ "American album certifications – Metallica – S&M". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved October 26, 2013.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  35. ^ "IFPI Platinum Europe Awards – 2002". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved February 26, 2013. 
  36. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2010 DVDs". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved February 26, 2013. 
  37. ^ "Austrian video certifications – Metallica – S&M" (in German). IFPI Austria. Retrieved February 26, 2013.  Enter Metallica in the field Interpret. Enter S&M in the field Titel. Select DVD in the field Format. Click Suchen
  38. ^ "Brazilian video certifications – Metallica – S&M" (in Portuguese). Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos. Retrieved February 26, 2013. 
  39. ^ "American video certifications – Metallica – S&M". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved February 26, 2013.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Video Longform, then click SEARCH
  40. ^ Metal Edge, July 2000
Preceded by
Issues by Korn
Australian ARIA Albums Chart number-one album
November 29, 1999ΓÇôDecember 5, 1999
Succeeded by
All the Way... A Decade of Song
by Celine Dion