S.S.C. Napoli

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Napoli
S.S.C. Napoli logo.svg
Full name Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli S.p.A.
Nickname(s) Partenopei
Gli Azzurri (The Blues)
I Ciucciarelli (The Little Donkeys)
Founded 1 August 1926; 88 years ago (1926-08-01)
as Associazione Calcio Napoli
Ground Stadio San Paolo
Ground Capacity 60,023
Owner Filmauro S.r.l.
President Aurelio De Laurentiis
Head coach Rafael Benítez
League Serie A
2013–14 Serie A, 3rd
Website Club home page
Current season

Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli, commonly referred to as Napoli (pronounced [ˈnaːpoli]), is a professional Italian football club based in Naples and founded in 1926.[1] The club has spent most of its history in Serie A,[2] where it currently plays its 2013–14 season. Napoli has won Serie A twice, in 1986–87 and 1989–90.[1] They have also won the Coppa Italia five times and the Supercoppa Italiana, and on the European stage have won the UEFA Cup in 1988–89. Napoli is also the most successful club in Southern Italy and the fourth most supported football club in Italy.[3] The club is ranked as the fifth most valuable football club in Serie A (and twenty-second worldwide) in terms of annual revenue, generating €116.4 million during the 2013 financial year.

The club has had several name changes since first appearing in 1926; the most important of these was in 1964, when it was changed from Associazione Calcio Napoli to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli. The most recent change was in 2004,[4] when the club went bankrupt but was refounded by film producer Aurelio De Laurentiis as Napoli Soccer; he restored the name to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli two years later. The bankruptcy of the club in 2004 had seen it placed in the third division of Italian football (Serie C1), but progress of the reformed club was swift and after just three years it returned to Serie A.[1]

Napoli is also one of the associate members of the European Club Association, an organisation that replaced the previous G-14 which consists of major football clubs in Europe. According to Deloitte Football Money League. As of 2014, Napoli is ranked as the 15th richest football club in the world.[5]

The club's anthem is "'O surdato 'nnammurato".[6]

History[edit]

For more details on this topic, see History of S.S.C. Napoli

The first club was founded as Naples Foot-Ball & Cricket Club in 1904 by English sailor William Poths and his associate Hector M. Bayon.[7][8] Neapolitans such as Conforti, Catterina and Amedeo Salsi were also involved, the latter of whom was the club's first president.[9] The original kit of the club was a sky blue and navy blue striped shirt, with black shorts.[10] Naples' first match was a 3–2 win against the English crew of the boat Arabik with goals from MacPherson, Scafoglio and Chaudoir.[11] The name of the club was shortened to Naples Foot-Ball Club in 1906.[citation needed]

Early into its existence, the Italian Football Championship was limited to just Northern clubs, so Southern clubs competed against sailors[7] or in cups such as Thomas Lipton's Lipton Challenge Cup. In the cup competed between Naples and Palermo FBC, Naples won three finals.[12] The foreign contingent at the club broke off in 1912 to form Internazionale Napoli,[7] in time for both club's debut in the Italian Championship of 1912–13.[13] Though the sides had a keen rivalry in the Campania section, they were not as successful outside of it and a few years after World War I, they merged as Foot-Ball Club Internazionale-Naples, also known as FBC Internaples.[citation needed]

Associazione Calcio Napoli[edit]

Attila Sallustro in the middle, with Napoli teammates in 1927

Under the presidency of Giorgio Ascarelli, the club changed its name to Associazione Calcio Napoli on 23 August 1926.[14] After a poor start, with a sole point in an entire championship,[15] Napoli was readmitted to Serie A's forerunner National Division by the Italian FA, and began to improve thanks in part to Paraguayan-born Attila Sallustro, who was the first fully fledged hero to the fans.[16] He was a capable goal-scorer and eventually set the all-time goal-scoring record for Napoli, which still stands today.[17]

Napoli moved to the new Stadio San Paolo in 1959, where they have played since.

Napoli entered the Serie A-era under the management of William Garbutt.[18] During his six-year stint, the club would be dramatically transformed, frequently finishing in the top half of the table.[15] This included two third-place finishes during the 1932–33 and 1933–34 seasons,[15] with added notables such as Antonio Vojak, Arnaldo Sentimenti and Carlo Buscaglia.[19] For the years leading up to World War II Napoli went into decline, surviving relegation in 1939–40 by goal average.[15]

Napoli lost a closely contested relegation battle at the end of 1942 and were relegated to Serie B. They moved from Stadio Giorgio Ascarelli to Stadio Arturo Collana and stayed in Serie B until after the war. When play continued, Napoli earned the right to compete in Serie A,[15] but were relegated after two seasons for a bribery scandal.[20] The club bounced back to ensure top flight football at the start of the 1950s.[21] Napoli moved to their new home ground Stadio San Paolo in 1959. Despite erratic league form with highs and lows during this period, including a further relegation and promotion, Napoli had some cup success when they beat SPAL to lift the Coppa Italia in 1962, with goals from Gianni Corelli and Pierluigi Ronzon.[22] Their fourth relegation cut celebrations short the following season.[1]

Napoli on the rise: Maradona era[edit]

Napoli at the start of the 1970s with Dino Zoff, José Altafini, and others.

As the club changed their name to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli on 25 June 1964[1] they began to rise up again, gaining promotion in 1964–65. Under the management of former player Bruno Pesaola, they won the Coppa delle Alpi[1] and were back amongst the elite in Serie A, with consistent top five finishes.[15] Napoli came very close to winning the league in 1967–68, finishing just behind AC Milan in second place.[15] Some of the most popular players from this period were Dino Zoff, José Altafini, Omar Sívori, and hometown midfielder Antonio Juliano. Juliano would eventually break the appearance records, which still stands today.[19]

The trend of Napoli performing well in the league continued into the 1970s, with third place spots in 1970–71 and 1973–74.[15] Under the coaching of former player Luís Vinício, this gained them entry into the early UEFA Cup competitions; in 1974–75 they reached the third round knocking out Porto 2–0 on the way. During the same season, Napoli finished second in Serie A; just two points behind champions Juventus.[15] Solid performances from locally born players such as Bruscolotti, Juliano and Esposito were relied upon during this period, coupled with goals from Giuseppe Savoldi.[19]

After beating Southampton 4–1 on aggregate to lift the Anglo-Italian League Cup,[23] Napoli were entered into the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup for 1976–77, where they reached the semi-finals, losing 2–1 on aggregate to Anderlecht.[24] The club won their second Coppa Italia trophy in 1975–76, knocking out Milan and Fiorentina en route, before beating rivals Verona 4–0 in the final.[1] In terms of the Italian league, Napoli were still very much a consistent top six side for much of the late 1970s.[15] Even into the earliest two seasons of the 1980s, the club were performing respectably with a third place finish in 1980–81, however by 1983 they had slipped dramatically and were involved in relegation battles.[15] Napoli broke the world transfer record fee, turning to Diego Maradona with a €12 million deal from Barcelona on 30 June 1984.[25] The squad was gradually re-built, with the likes of Ciro Ferrara, Salvatore Bagni, and Fernando De Napoli filling the ranks.[19] The rise up the tables was gradual, by 1985–86, they had a third place finish under their belts, but better was yet to come. The 1986–87 season was the landmark in Napoli's history; they won the double, securing the Serie A title by three points and then beating Atalanta 4–0 to lift the Coppa Italia.[1]

Because a mainland Southern Italian team had never won the league before, this turned Diego Maradona into a cultural, social and borderline religious icon[26] for Neapolitans, which stretched beyond the realms of just football.[26]

The club were unsuccessful in the European Cup in the following season and finished runners-up in Serie A. However, Napoli were entered into the UEFA Cup for 1988–89 and won their first major European title.[1] Juventus, Bayern Munich, and PAOK were defeated on the way to the final, where Napoli beat Stuttgart 5–4 on aggregate, with two goals from Careca and one each from Maradona, Ferrara and Alemão.[27]

Napoli added their second Serie A title in 1989–90, beating Milan by two points in the title race.[1] However, this was surrounded by less auspicious circumstances as Napoli were awarded two points for a game, when in Bergamo, an Atalanta fan threw a £100 lira coin at Alemão's head.[15] A controversial set of events set off at the 1990 World Cup, when Maradona made comments pertaining to North-South inequality in the country and the risorgimento, asking Neapolitans to root for Argentina in the semi-finals against Italy in Naples.[28]

San Paolo was the only stadium during the competition where the Argentine National Anthem wasn't jeered,[29] Maradona bowed to the Napoli fans at the end and his country went on to reach the final. However, after the final the Italian Football Federation forced Maradona to take a doping test, which he failed testing positive for cocaine; both Maradona and Napoli staff later claimed it was a revenge plot for events at the World Cup.[26] Maradona was banned for 15 months and would never play for the club again.[26] The club still managed to win the Supercoppa Italiana that year, with a record 5–1 victory against Juventus, but it would be their last major trophy for 22 years. In the European Cup however, they went out in the second round.[30]

Decline and rebirth[edit]

Though the club finished fourth during the 1991–92 season,[15] Napoli gradually went into decline after that season, both financially and on the field. Players such as Gianfranco Zola, Daniel Fonseca, Ciro Ferrara and Careca had all departed by 1994. Nonetheless, Napoli did manage to qualify for the 1994–95 UEFA Cup, reaching the third round and in 1996–97, Napoli appeared at the Coppa Italia final, but lost 3–1 to Vicenza.[31] Napoli's league form had dropped lower, and relegation to Serie B came at the end of 1997–98 when they recorded only three wins all season.[15]

The club returned to Serie A after gaining promotion in the 1999–2000 season, though after a closely contested relegation battle, they were relegated immediately back down the following season.[15] They failed to gain promotion following this and slipped further down. The failed 2001–02 Serie B campaign was costly, the cost of production was €70,895,838, just about €10 million fewer than in 2000–01 Serie A, heavily due to the high amortisation of the player asset (€33,437,075). However value of production was just €21,183736 (excluding player profit) and the net loss was €28,856,093 that season.[32] Net asset on 30 June 2002 was €2,166,997, already including about €20 million recapitalisation. The club once quoted the law "21 February 2003 No.27" to lower the amortisation expense by extending the amortisation period beyond the contract length of players to 10-year (UEFA ruled the Italian special law was not lawful and all club should use IFRS standards, thus causing a re-capitalization crisis in 2006), which some players contract (with a total residual accounting value of €46,601,225) was amortise in special way for €4,660,123 only and the rest for €1,659,088 in 2002–03, however the cost of production was still exceed the value of production for €19,071,218 in 2002–03.[32] By August 2004, Napoli was declared bankrupt with debts[clarification needed] estimated up to €70 million.[33] To secure football in the city, film producer Aurelio De Laurentiis refounded the club under the name Napoli Soccer,[4] as they were not allowed to use their old name. FIGC placed Napoli in Serie C1, where they missed out on promotion after losing 2–1 in play-offs to local rivals Avellino in 2004–05 Serie C1.[1]

Despite the fact that Napoli were playing in such a low division, they retained higher average attendances than most of the Serie A clubs, breaking the Serie C attendance record with 51,000 at one game.[34] The following season, they secured promotion to Serie B and De Laurentiis bought back the club's history, restoring its name to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli in May 2006.[1] After just one season back in Serie B, they were promoted on the final day, along with fellow sleeping giants Genoa.[35] Napoli finished the season placed eighth in the Serie A, enough to secure a place in the Intertoto Cup third round.

The 2008–09 season saw Napoli qualify for the UEFA Cup via the Intertoto Cup. The team was eliminated in the first round, however, by Portuguese team Benfica. At the domestic level, Napoli made a very impressive start, proposing as one of the main candidates for a Champions League spot; results and performances, however, quickly declined in mid-season, causing Napoli to fall down to 11th place in the league table, which lead to the dismissal of manager Edy Reja in March 2009, with former Italy manager Roberto Donadoni being appointed as his replacement.[36]

Despite reinforcements in the summer transfer window,[37] Napoli began the 2009–10 season with a number of poor results. After a 2–1 loss to Roma in October 2009, Donadoni was relieved of his duties and replaced by former Sampdoria manager Walter Mazzarri.[38] Under Mazzarri, Napoli climbed up the table, finishing in sixth place to qualify for a Europa League spot.[39] Napoli, under Mazzarri's guide and reinforced by players such as Edinson Cavani, spent part of the 2010–11 season in the second place, finishing third and qualifying directly to the group phase of the 2011–12 UEFA Champions League.[40]

In the 2011–12 season, Napoli ended in fifth place in Serie A, but managed to defeat unbeaten champions Juventus in the Stadio Olimpico to win the Coppa Italia for the fourth time in the club's history, 25 years after their last cup win. Star striker Edinson Cavani scored from a penalty kick in the 63rd minute and Marek Hamšík decided the game in the 83rd minute. Napoli also had a successful season in the Champions League, its first participation in the European Cup since the 1990–91 season. The team finished second in its group behind Bayern Munich, and ahead of Manchester City, progressing to the round of 16, where it was knocked out by eventual winners Chelsea.

Edinson Cavani, Napoli's record sale, in a Europa League match for Napoli against AIK in 2012

In 2012–13, Napoli finished in second place in Serie A, the club's best performance since winning the 1989–90 Scudetto. Edinson Cavani finished as top scorer in the division with 29 goals, which resulted in him being sold to Paris Saint-Germain for a club record fee of £57 million.

In the 2013 close-season, Walter Mazzarri left Napoli to become coach of Internazionale, and was replaced by Spaniard Rafael Benítez, who became the club's first foreign coach since Zdeněk Zeman in 2000.[41] The money from selling Cavani went towards signing three Real Madrid players – Gonzalo Higuaín, Raúl Albiol and José Callejón – and other players including Dries Mertens and Pepe Reina. They finished the season by winning the 2014 Coppa Italia Final, their fifth title in the tournament, with a 3–1 win against Fiorentina with two goals from Lorenzo Insigne and another from Mertens,[42] as well as qualifying for the Champions League by finishing 3rd in Serie A.

Players[edit]

First team squad[edit]

As of 1 September 2014[43]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Brazil GK Rafael Cabral
4 Brazil DF Henrique
5 Uruguay DF Miguel Britos
6 Netherlands MF Jonathan de Guzmán
7 Spain FW José Callejón
8 Italy MF Jorginho
9 Argentina FW Gonzalo Higuain
11 Italy DF Christian Maggio (1st vice-captain)
14 Belgium FW Dries Mertens
15 Italy GK Roberto Colombo
16 Italy DF Giandomenico Mesto
17 Slovakia MF Marek Hamšík (captain)
18 Colombia DF Juan Zúñiga (2nd vice-captain)
No. Position Player
19 Spain MF David López
21 Spain FW Michu (on loan from Swansea City)
22 Croatia MF Josip Radošević
24 Italy FW Lorenzo Insigne
26 France DF Kalidou Koulibaly
31 Algeria DF Faouzi Ghoulam
33 Spain DF Raúl Albiol
45 Argentina GK Mariano Andújar
77 Uruguay MF Walter Gargano
83 Italy GK Antonio Rosati
88 Switzerland MF Gökhan Inler (3rd vice-captain)
91 Colombia FW Duván Zapata

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Italy GK Luigi Sepe (at Empoli until 30 June 2015)[44]
Italy DF Emanuele Allegra (at Pontedera until 30 June 2015)[45]
Italy DF Daniele Celiento (at Pistoiese until 30 June 2015)[46]
Argentina DF Ignacio Fideleff (at Ergotelis until 30 June 2015)[47]
Italy DF Giuseppe Nicolao (at Alessandria until 30 June 2015) [48]
Brazil DF Bruno Uvini (at Santos until 31 December 2014)[49]
Morocco MF Omar El Kaddouri (at Torino until 30 June 2015)[50]
No. Position Player
Italy MF Giuseppe Fornito (at Cosenza until 30 June 2015)[51]
Italy MF Raffaele Maiello (at Crotone until 30 June 2015)[52]
Italy FW Nicolao Dumitru (at Veria until 30 June 2015)[53]
Italy FW Roberto Insigne (at Reggina until 30 June 2015)
Hungary FW Soma Novothny (at Mantova until 30 June 2015)[54]
Chile FW Eduardo Vargas (at Queens Park Rangers until 30 June 2015)[55]

Co-ownership[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
8 Brazil MF Jorginho (with Verona)
45 Argentina GK Mariano Andújar (with Catania)
No. Position Player
96 Italy DF Sebastiano Luperto (with Lecce)
Italy MF Jacopo Dezi (with Crotone)

Primavera squad[edit]

As of 2 September 2014[56][57]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Italy GK Nikita Contini
Italy GK Mario Di Maiolo
Italy GK Antonio Ferrara
Italy GK Alessio Gionta
Italy DF Armando Anastasio
Italy DF Aniello Esposito
Italy DF Vincenzo Frulio
Italy DF Michele Girardi
Italy DF Antonio Granata
Italy DF Vincenzo Guardiglio
Italy DF Sebastiano Luperto
Italy DF Gianluigi Mangiapia
Italy DF Giorgio Palumbo
Italy DF Marco Supino
Italy MF Fabrizio De Simone
No. Position Player
Italy MF Gennaro De Simone
Italy MF Renato Di Giovanni
Italy MF Felice Gaetano
Italy MF Luca Palmiero
Italy MF Mario Prezioso
Italy MF Antonio Romano
Italy FW Alfredo Bifulco
Italy FW Andrea Cicerello (on loan from Lecce)
Italy FW Salvatore De Iorio
Italy FW Gianmarco De Masi
Italy FW Alessandro Di Fiore
Estonia FW Frank Liivak
Italy FW Giovanni Lombardi
Italy FW Mattia Persano (on loan from Lecce)
Italy FW Raffaele Selva

Primavera loans[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
95 Poland DF Igor Łasicki (at Gubbio until 30 June 2015)
Italy FW Gianluca D'Auria (at Neapolis until 30 June 2015)
No. Position Player
Italy FW Biagio Setola (at Frattese until 30 June 2015)
Italy FW Gennaro Tutino (at Vicenza until 30 June 2015)

Retired numbers[edit]

In the summer of 2000 Napoli retired the jersey number 10 belonged to former club legend Diego Armando Maradona who played for the club from 1984 to 1991, as a tribute to his class and to the significant contribution made in the seven seasons with the shirt of Napoli. In order, the last players to wear number 10 were Fausto Pizzi (1995–1996), Beto (in 1996–1997), Igor Protti in 1997–1998 was the last player to play and score a goal with the number 10 shirt in Serie A and Claudio Bellucci in 1998–1999 and 1999–2000 in Serie B. However, for regulatory reasons, the number was reissued on blue shirts 2004 to 2006 Serie C1, a tournament where there is the old numbering from 1 to 11. The last player to wear a sign and goals with this shirt in an official match was Mariano Bogliacino in the home match of 18 May 2006 against Spezia, valid for the final leg of the Supercoppa di Lega Serie C1; primacy belongs to him also for last appearance in the championship, May 12, 2006 at the home race of Lanciano. As regards exclusively the championship, however, goes to the Argentine footballer Roberto Sosa the distinction of being the last to wear the 10 at the San Paolo and at the same time to score in the match against Frosinone on April 30, 2006.[59]

Notable players[edit]

For a list of all former and current Napoli players with a Wikipedia article, see Category:S.S.C. Napoli players.

Current coaching, technical and administrative staff[edit]

Current manager: Rafael Benítez
Current assistant coach: Fabio Pecchia
Position
Head coach Rafael Benítez
Assistant coach Fabio Pecchia
Fitness coach Francisco de Miguel Moreno
Fitness coach Corrado Saccone
Goalkeeping coach Xavi Valero[60]
Analyst Antonio Gómez Pérez
Analyst Pedro Jiménez Campos
Health director Dr. Alfonso De Nicola
Physiatrist Enrico D'Andrea
Sports doctor Dr. Raffaele Canonico
Rehabilitator Rosario D'Onofrio
Physiotherapists Giovanni D'Avino and Agostino Santaniello
Masseur Marco Di Lullo
Position
President Aurelio De Laurentiis
Vice President Jacqueline Marie Baudit
Vice President Edoardo De Laurentiis
Managing Director Andrea Chiavelli
Head of Operations, Sales & Marketing Alessandro Formisano
Administrative Director Laura Belli
Sporting Director Riccardo Bigon
Director Communication area Nicola Lombardo
Chief administrative processes and compliance Antonio Saracino
Secretary sports Alberto Vallefuoco
Press Officer Guido Baldari
Team manager Giovanni Paolo De Matteis
Head scout Maurizio Micheli
Field scouting coordinator Marco Zunino
Observer Leonardo Mantovani

Presidents[edit]

Below is the official presidential history of Napoli, from when Giorgio Ascarelli took over at the club in 1926, until the present day.[61] Napoli has had many managers and trainers, some seasons they have had co-managers running the team. Here is a chronological list of them from 1926 onwards:[62]

 
Name Years
Giorgio Ascarelli 1926–27
Gustavo Zinzaro 1927–28
Giovanni Maresca 1928–29
Giorgio Ascarelli 1929–30
Giovanni Maresca
Eugenio Coppola
1930–32
Vincenzo Savarese 1932–36
Achille Lauro 1936–40
Gaetano Del Pezzo 1941
Tommaso Leonetti 1942–43
Luigi Piscitelli 1941–43
Annibale Fienga 1943–45
Vincenzo Savarese 1945–46
 
Name Years
Pasquale Russo 1946–48
Egidio Musollino 1948–51
Alfonso Cuomo 1951–52
Achille Lauro 1952–54
Alfonso Cuomo 1954–63
Luigi Scuotto 1963–64
Roberto Fiore 1964–67
Gioacchino Lauro 1967–68
Antonio Corcione 1968–69
Corrado Ferlaino 1969–71
Ettore Sacchi 1971–72
Corrado Ferlaino 1972–83
Marino Brancaccio 1983
 
Name Years
Corrado Ferlaino 1983–93
Ellenio F. Gallo 1993–95
Vincenzo Schiano di Colella
(honorary president)
1995–96
Gian Marco Innocenti
(honorary president)
1997–98
Federico Scalingi
(honorary president)
1999–00
Giorgio Corbelli 2000–02
Salvatore Naldi 2002–04
Aurelio De Laurentiis 2004–

Managers[edit]

 
Name Nationality Years
Antonio Kreutzer Austria 1926–27
Bino Skasa Austria 1927
Technical Commission
Rolf Steiger
Giovanni Terrile
Ferenc Molnár

Austria
Italy
Hungary
1927–28
Otto Fischer Austria 1928
Giovanni Terrile Italy 1928–29
William Garbutt England 1929–35
Károly Csapkay Hungary 1935–36
Angelo Mattea Italy 1936–38
Eugen Payer Hungary 1938–39
Technical Commission
Amedeo D'Albora
Paolo Jodice
Luigi Castello
Achille Piccini
Nereo Rocco
Italy 1939
Adolfo Baloncieri Italy 1939–40
Antonio Vojak Italy 1940–43
Paulo Innocenti Italy Brazil 1943
Raffaele Sansone Italy Uruguay 1945–47
Giovanni Vecchina Italy 1947–48
Arnaldo Sentimenti Italy 1948
Felice Placido Borel Italy 1948–49
Luigi de Manes Italy 1949
Vittorio Mosele Italy 1949
Eraldo Monzeglio Italy 1949–56
Amedeo Amadei Italy 1956–59
Annibale Frossi Italy 1959
Amedeo Amadei Italy 1959–61
Amedeo Amadei
Renato Cesarini
Italy
Italy
1961
Attila Sallustro Italy Paraguay 1961
Fioravante Baldi Italy 1961–62
Bruno Pesaola Argentina Italy 1962
Bruno Pesaola
Eraldo Monzeglio
Argentina Italy
Italy
1962–63
 
Name Nationality Years
Roberto Lerici Italy 1963–64
Giovanni Molino Italy 1964
Bruno Pesaola Argentina Italy 1964–68
Giuseppe Chiappella Italy 1968–69
Egidio di Costanzo Italy 1969
Giuseppe Chiappella Italy 1969–73
Luis Vinicio Brazil 1973–76
Alberto Delfrati
Rosario Rivellino
Italy 1976
Bruno Pesaola Argentina Italy 1976–77
Rosario Rivellino Italy 1977
Giovanni di Marzio Italy 1977–78
Luis Vinicio Brazil 1978–80
Angelo Sormani Italy Brazil 1980
Rino Marchesi Italy 1980–82
Massimo Giacomini Italy 1982
Bruno Pesaola Argentina Italy 1982–83
Pietro Santi Italy 1983–84
Rino Marchesi Italy 1984–85
Ottavio Bianchi Italy July 1, 1986 – June 30, 1989
Alberto Bigon Italy 1989–91
Claudio Ranieri Italy July 1, 1991 – June 30, 1993
Ottavio Bianchi Italy Nov 1, 1992 – June 30, 1993
Marcello Lippi Italy July 1, 1993 – June 30, 1994
Vincenzo Guerini Italy July 1, 1994 – Oct 17, 1994
Vujadin Boškov
Cané
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Brazil
Oct 18, 1994–95
Vujadin Boškov
Aldo Sensibile
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Italy
1995 – June 30, 1996
 
Name Nationality Years
Luigi Simoni Italy 1996–97
Vincenzo Montefusco Italy 1997
Bortolo Mutti Italy July 1, 1997 – June 30, 1998
Carlo Mazzone Italy Oct 19, 1997 – Nov 24, 1997
Giovanni Galeone Italy 1997–98
Vincenzo Montefusco Italy 1998
Renzo Ulivieri Italy 1998–99
Vincenzo Montefusco Italy 1999
Walter Novellino Italy 1999–00
Zdeněk Zeman Czech Republic July 1, 2000 – Nov 1, 2000
Emiliano Mondonico Italy Nov 15, 2000 – May 23, 2001
Luigi De Canio Italy July 1, 2001 – June 30, 2002
Franco Colomba Italy July 1, 2002 – Dec 16, 2002
Sergio Buso Italy 2002
Francesco Scoglio Italy Dec 18, 2002 – June 30, 2003
Franco Colomba Italy 2003
Andrea Agostinelli Italy June 19, 2003 – Nov 9, 2003
Luigi Simoni Italy Nov 10, 2003 – June 30, 2004
Giampiero Ventura Italy July 1, 2004 – Jan 25, 2005
Edoardo Reja Italy Jan 3, 2005 – March 10, 2009
Roberto Donadoni Italy March 10, 2009 – Oct 5, 2009
Walter Mazzarri Italy Oct 6, 2009 – May 20, 2013
Rafael Benítez Spain May 27, 2013–

Statistics and records[edit]

Giuseppe Bruscolotti holds Napoli's official appearance record, having made 511 over the course of 16 years from 1972 until 1988.[63] Antonio Juliano holds the record for league appearances with 394 (355 in Serie A) over the course of 16 years from 1962 until 1978 .[19]

The all-time leading goalscorer for Napoli is Diego Armando Maradona, with 115 league goals scored.[19] He finished the season of Serie A as the league's topscorer, known in Italy as the capocannoniere, in the 1987–88 season with 15 goals.[64] The record for most goals in the league (also including tournaments Divisione Nazionale) belongs to Attila Sallustro, with 106 goals,[65] while the maximum scorer in Serie A is Antonio Vojak, with 102 goals.[65] The record for most goals in a single tournament maximum number belongs to Edinson Cavani, with 29 goals scored in the season 2012–2013.

The biggest ever victory recorded by Napoli was 8–1 against Pro Patria, in the 1955–56 season of Serie A.[15] Napoli's heaviest championship defeat came during the 1927–28 season when eventual champions Torino beat them 11–0.[15]

Below are appearance and goalscoring records pertaining to Napoli players of all time. Still active players in bold:[65]

As of 18 December 2014

Colours, badge and nicknames[edit]

An AC Napoli period club logo

As Naples is a coastal city, the colours of the club have always been derived from the blue waters of the Gulf of Naples.[67] Originally while using the name Naples FBC, the colours of the club implemented two shades of blue.[68] Since the 1920s however, a singular blue tone has been used in the form of azure; as thus they share the nickname azzurri with the Italian national side.[69]

One of the nicknames of Napoli is I ciucciarelli which means "the little donkeys" in the local dialect, they were given this name after a particularly poor performance during the 1926–27 season. It was originally meant to be derogatory, as the Neapolitan symbol is a rampant black horse,[70] the club however adopted the donkey as a mascot called 'O Ciuccio, displaying it with pride.[71]

The club badge Napoli are most famous for is a large N placed within a circle. This crest can be traced back to Internazionale Napoli, who used a similar design on their shirts.[72] Since the club officially adopted the N badge as its representative, Napoli have altered it slightly at various times; sometimes it features the club's name around it, sometimes it does not.[73] The main difference between each badge is the shade of blue used. Usually the N is white, although it has occasionally been gold.[74]

Partenopei is a popular nickname for the club and people from the city of Naples in general.[75] It is derived from Greek mythology where the siren Parthenópē tried to enchant Odysseus from his ship to Capri. In the story Odysseus had his men tie him to the ship's mast so he was able to resist the song of the siren; as a result Parthenope, unable to live with the rejection of her love, drowned herself and her body was washed up upon the shore of Naples.[76]

Sponsors and manufacturers[edit]

[77]

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
1978–80 Puma None
1980–81 NR
1981–82 Snaidero
1982–83 Cirio
1983–84 Latte Berna
1984–85 Linea Time Cirio
1985–88 NR Buitoni
1988–91 Mars
1991–94 Umbro Voiello
1994–96 Lotto Record Cucine
1996–97 Centrale del Latte di Napoli
1997–99 Nike Polenghi
1999–00 Peroni
2000–03 Diadora
2003–04 Legea Russo di Cicciano
2004–06 Kappa Sky Captain / Christmas in Love / Manuale d'amore / Mandi
2005–06 Lete
2006–09 Diadora
2009–2011 Macron
2011–2014 Lete-MSC (Champions League and Europa League Lete only)
2014– Lete-Pasta Garofalo (Champions League and Europa League Lete only)

Supporters and rivalries[edit]

[78]

Napoli ultras at Stadio San Paolo

Napoli is the fourth most supported football club in Italy with around 13% of Italian football fans supporting the club.[3] Like other top clubs in the country, Napoli's fanbase goes beyond the Italian border; it has been estimated by the club that there are around 6 million fans worldwide.[79] Napoli is reputed to be one of the biggest clubs in Europe, with one of the highest average home attendance in Europe.

Rivalries[edit]

The Napoli fans have always had bad relations especially with the teams from the North of Italy. One of the first historical rivalries was with Hellas Verona and later on in the second half of the eighties rivalry with Inter Milan, Juventus and AC Milan was born. With Napoli who defied the "Triad of the North" for the title of Champions of Italy.

The hostility of the ultras of Napoli with the fans of Lazio comes from the old friendship that Napoli had in the eighties with Roma fans, Napoli fans used to call Roma fans "cousins", friendship then broke after the umbrella gesture of Salvatore Bagni of 25 October 1987 and after that came a very strong rivalry with the Roma.

Also there still remain rivalries with Sampdoria, Reggina and also with the Atalanta, Avellino, Bari, Bologna, Brescia, Cagliari, Lecce, Salernitana, Vicenza and Udinese . Other minor rivalry with Foggia, Perugia, Pisa, Pistoiese and Ternana.

The Derby[edit]

Unlike other Italian cities such as Genoa, Milan, Rome and Turin, Napoli is the only major football club in the city and therefore there is no derby in the strict sense of the term. Nevertheless, the fans of Napoli do co-star in two particular derbies in Italy against other regional teams:

Derby della Campania, a term that refers to the challenges of the Azzurri with the other teams, especially with Avellino and Salernitana.[80]

Derby of the Sun (also called Derby South), at the height of its popularity in the seventies and eighties, starring Napoli and Roma.

Friendships[edit]

The twinning between supporters of the clubs Napoli and Genoa football club is one of the oldest in Italian football which started back on 16 May 1982 following a 2–2 draw in Naples between the two teams on the final day of the 1981–1982 Serie A season, a result that allowed the escape of Genoa from relegation and condemned AC Milan for the second time to relegation from Serie A to Serie B in its history. The history and friendship got even stronger for both teams when on the last day of the season in Serie B in the 2006–2007 season when both teams finished with a 0–0 draw at Genoa, ensuring both teams promotion to Serie A. Genoa ultras could be seen holding up banners saying "Benvenuto fratello napoletano", meaning "Welcome, Neapolitan brother". The historic partnership between the two groups of supporters was also honoured and supported by marketing initiatives. There is also a strong supporter of friendship with Ancona and there are good relations with the fans of Palermo, Catania and Borussia Dortmund. A sympathy and good friendship was born with supporters of the Romanian football team Universitatea Craiova following the elimination of rivals FC Steaua Bucureşti from the Europa League at the hands of Napoli.

SSC Napoli as a company[edit]

S.S.C. Napoli S.p.A.
Revenue Increase €131,476,940 (2010–11)
Operating income Increase €15,712,096 (2010–11)
Net income Increase €4,197,829 (2010–11)
Total assets Decrease €110,053,332 (2010–11)
Total equity Increase €29,305,052 (2010–11)

Since refound in 2004, SSC Napoli had a sustainable management strategy. The club has one of thee largest supporting group in Italy (or fourth, behind Juventus and Milan teams) which was the main source of income, in terms of gate revenue and TV rights. Except the first few seasons, Napoli made an aggregate profit in successive years: in 2004–05 and 2005–06 season the net loss were €7,061,463 and €9,088,780.[81] In 2006–07 Serie B, Napoli made its first profit of €1,416,976[82] The first Serie A season made new born Napoli had a net profit of €11,911,041[83] It followed by a net profit of €10,934,520,[84] due to the income from European matches was offset by the increase in cost. In 2009–10 season, Napoli heavily invested on players, made that season had a net profit of just €343,686.[85] In 2010–11 Serie A, Napoli returned to the right track with €4,197,829 net profit. It was due to the new collective TV rights of Serie A, as well as qualified to 2010–11 UEFA Europa League.[86]

Napoli shareholder equity on 30 June 2005 was a negative of €261,466, which the club started from €3 million capital and re-capitalized €3.8 million during 2004–05 Serie C1. On 30 June 2005 the equity was increased to €211,220, as the net loss was backup by a re-capitalisation of €9.3 million + €261,466 for previous net loss. On 30 June 2007 the equity was increased to €1,961,975, due to the net profit and a re-capitalised of €288,780 (to make the share capital back to €500,000). On 30 June 2008 the equity was increased to €13,829,015 with a capital increase of just €1,000. The net income contributed the increase in equity on 30 June 2009, which was €24,763,537. On 30 June 2010 the equity was at €25,107,223.O 30 June 2011 the equity was increased to €29,305,052. Though less than €17 million equity contribution in total from Filmauro, Napoli achieved self-sustainability by good management and its large fans base.

Honours[edit]

National titles[edit]

European titles[edit]

  • Winners (1): 1976
  • Winners (1): 1966

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External links[edit]