|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2012)|
The current logo of the franchise.
|Genres||First-person shooter, survival horror|
|Developers||GSC Game World|
|Publishers||GSC World Publishing|
|First release||S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Shadow of Chernobyl
March 20, 2007
|Latest release||S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Call of Pripyat
October 2, 2009
S.T.A.L.K.E.R. is a series of first-person shooter survival horror video games developed by Ukrainian video game developer GSC Game World for Microsoft Windows. The games are set in the area surrounding the Chernobyl accident site, called ‘The Zone’, in an alternative reality where a second explosion occurs at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant some time after the first and causes strange changes in the area around it.
The series, especially the first installment, is very popular among FPS players inside Russian communities.
The acronym "S.T.A.L.K.E.R." stands for:
The S.T.A.L.K.E.R. games all take place in "The Zone", and each follow the story of a different protagonist in the area. Each of these characters are S.T.A.L.K.E.R.s and as a result are used to the horrors of "The Zone".
Each of the games share a common trait in terms of plot; the story changes depending on the choices that the player makes. For the purpose of efficiently summarizing the plot, this article will assume that the 'optimal' choices were picked during gameplay.
S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Shadow of Chernobyl
In the first game of the series, the player takes on the role of an amnesic S.T.A.L.K.E.R. who is referred to as the "Marked One" tasked with killing another stalker named Strelok. During the course of the game, the protagonist uncovers clues to his past and true identity while helping other stalkers and fighting the mutated creatures that inhabit The Zone.
Eventually, he reaches the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant and confronts the C-Consciousness that explains that the Marked One is actually Strelok himself - a stalker who managed to reach their headquarters prior but brainwashed and turned into a sleeper agent - configured to kill himself by mistake.
Shadow of Chernobyl features multiple endings, all of which are dependent on multiple controllable factors, such as money earned during the game, or how much of the protagonist's memory was pieced together.
S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Clear Sky
Clear Sky - the second game released of the series - is a prequel to Shadow of Chernobyl. The player assumes the role of Scar, a veteran stalker. Upon being injured by an energy emission while guiding a group of scientists through The Zone, he - the lone survivor of the incident - is rescued by an organization going by the name "Clear Sky"; a faction dedicated to researching and understanding the nature of The Zone for the sake of humanity.
When Scar encounters and survives a second energy emission, Clear Sky theorizes that the emissions are The Zone's way of reacting to human activity, and that with time they will become highly unstable and spiral out of control.
Throughout the game, the player can choose to have Scar side with or against certain factions in the area to help achieve Clear Sky's goal. Ultimately, their plan to stabilize the energy emissions fails, and an enormous energy emission from the Chernobyl plant itself sets the scene for the events of Shadow of Chernobyl to unfold.
S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Call of Pripyat
The third game in the series - Call of Pripyat - takes place shortly after the events in Shadow of Chernobyl. Having discovered the open path to the center of The Zone, the government decides to take control of it via "Operation Fairway", in which they plan to thoroughly investigate the territory before dispatching the main military force.
Despite these preparations, the military operation fails, with all five helicopters crashing. In order to determine the cause of the crashes, the Ukraine Security Service sends an ex-S.T.A.L.K.E.R. agent, Major Degtyarev, into The Zone. This is the character that the player assumes control of.
After discovering that the crashes were caused by strong electrical currents, Degtyarev makes his way to an evacuation point located in Pripyat. Along the way, depending on the choices the player makes, he may meet a number of different characters that can become his allies. Eventually, after arriving in Pripyat, Degtyarev's party finds themselves surrounded by the military survivors, who take them to their base. Once there, they work together with the military commander of the helicopter group in surviving and escaping The Zone. Eventually, they are met by Strelok, the protagonist of the first game, who offers his full cooperation including the reasons why the operation failed in the first place.
He explains that the helicopters were taken down by moving electric anomalies. The government had investigated and determined these areas previously, however they were not aware that the locations of the anomalies change with every energy emission in The Zone, so by the time the military forces were sent in, the "safe" corridors utilized by the pilots were no longer so.
Degtyarev then helps to re-establish contact with headquarters and, together with Strelok, organize a desperate evacuation out of The Zone. There are multiple different endings available depending on the player's success; whether or not some of the characters survive the evacuation and how the lives of other stalkers Degtyarev met throughout the game turn out. In the ideal scenario, Degtyarev becomes head of the Security Service in The Zone, and Strelok gives all the materials he found in The Zone to the government, prompting the creation of the "Scientific Institute for the Research of the Chernobyl Anomalous Area", with Strelok taking up the position of chief scientific consultant.
S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2 (cancelled)
S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2 was in development as the new chapter of the series, development of which was announced in August 2010, and the release was scheduled for 2012. Sergiy Grygorovych, CEO of GSC Game World, specified that the video game featured a completely new multi-platform engine, written by GSC itself.
On December 23, 2011, GSC Game World announced they would be continuing development of S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2, despite an earlier announcement pointing to its cancellation. However, S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2 was cancelled yet again by GSC Game World through a Twitter post on April 25, 2012. The former S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2 team has reported that they are opening a new studio, Vostok Games, to create a free-to-play MMOFPS, called Survarium, in the spirit of the S.T.A.L.K.E.R. franchise, using ideas they created for the cancelled sequel.
The Stalker community is well-known for its many game modifications that tweak and optimize the games. Some of the most popular mods include the 'Stalker Complete' set and the 'Oblivion Lost' mod, which completely overhaul the game's graphics and mechanics. There is also the Misery mod with full concept mod with changes to textures, weather, sounds and music, difficulty, artificial intelligence, weapons and items, interface and realism. 
Another very popular mod with the series is the Arsenal Overhaul mod, which introduces a lot more weapons in the games to make room for more variety.
The S.T.A.L.K.E.R. series has received generally very positive reviews from popular gaming websites.
IGN gave Shadow of Chernobyl a rating of 8.2 out of 10, commending it for its audio and lasting appeal, but criticizing its story. Gamespot gave it a rating of 8.5 out of 10, praising the survival gameplay but once again criticizing the story. Metacritic gave a rating of 82 out of 100, commending the game’s visuals but criticizing it for technical glitches. Gamesradar gave it 4.5 stars, once again praising the setting and gameplay but criticizing the amount of time it took to be produced relative to the quality of the game. Eurogamer awarded it 8 out of 10, commending the incorporation of horror into the setting, but adding that it may not appeal to all players.
- Boyes, Emma (July 12, 2007). "S.T.A.L.K.E.R. will stalk again". Gamespot. Retrieved 2008-07-23.
- "S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2 studio facing uncertain future". GameSpot. Dec 12, 2011. Retrieved Dec 14, 2011.
- "S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2 official announcement".
- "STALKER 2 Still In Development; GSC Working To Get The Game Released". Cinemablend.com. 2011-12-23. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
- S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2 canceled - GameSpot.com
- "STALKER 2 Gets Cancelled, Developers Open New Studio". Cinemablend.com. 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
- "S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Shadow of Chernobyl Review - IGN". IGN. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- "stalker shadow of chernobyl review". Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- "S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Shadow of Chernobyl". Metacritic. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- "S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Shadow Of Chernobyl Review ... - Eurogamer.net.". EuroGamer. Retrieved 6 November 2012.