S. R. Ramaswamy

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S. R. Ramaswamy
S. R. Ramaswamy
Dr S. R. Ramaswamy, D. Litt
Born (1937-10-29) 29 October 1937 (age 76)
Bangalore, British India
Nationality Indian
Fields Journalism, literature, criticism, editing, environmental conservation
Institutions William Quan Judge Press – Bangalore, "Sudha" Magazine, "Rashrothana Sahitya", "Utthana" – Kannada monthly
Alma mater The National College, Bangalore
Known for "Shatamanada Tiruvinalli Bharata" (1989), “Svetoslav Roerich” a collective (1974), "Kolminchu" (1996), "Deevitgegalu" (1998), "Kargil Kampana" (1999)
Notable awards "Kannada Sahitya Akademi Award" (1992), "Aryabhata Award" (2006), "Kannada Rajyotsava Award” (2008), "Honorary Doctorate (D. Litt)” (2011)
Signature
S. R. Ramaswamy's Signature
Website
S. R. Ramaswamy

Sondekoppa Ramachandrasastri Ramaswamy (Kannada: ಎಸ್.ಆರ್.ರಾಮಸ್ವಾಮಿ) is a prolific Indian writer, journalist, biographer, social activist and environmentalist.[1] He has authored more than 50 books and thousand articles both in Kannada and English. He is recipient of the prestigious “Karnataka State Sahitya Akademi Award” (1992) for year's best work in social science.[2] An avid campaigner for environmental issues and people's rights, he has led numerous movements both at state and national level for conservation of vast tracts of rich flora and fauna from ill-planned Government policies. His years as a writer and chronicler brought him under the influence of doyens of literature and public life such as D. V. Gundappa, V. Sitaramayya, Rallapalli Ananta Krishna Sharma, Yadava Rao Joshi and P Kodanda Rao.[3] His writings essentially mirror the literary, cultural, nationalist and developmental problems that are contemporaneous to the present day scenario. S. R. Ramaswamy is currently the honorary Editor-in-Chief of Kannada monthly "Utthana" and "Rashrothana Sahitya" at Bangalore.[4]

Early life[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

S. R. Ramaswamy was born to Mulukanadu Brahmin parents S. Ramachandra Sastri and Sarasvatamma on the 29th day of October 1937 at Bangalore.[5] S. R. Ramaswamy was born into a scholarly lineage and happens to be the nephew of eminent Indian historian and polyglot S. Srikanta Sastri as well as Asthan Vidwan Motaganahalli Subramanya Sastri who was editor of "Ranga Bhoomi" and is credited with "Karnata Malavikagnimitra" & translation of Valmiki's Ramayana from Sanskrit to Kannada. He is the great grand-nephew of Maha Asthan Vidwan Motaganahalli Ramshesha Sastri who was the first person to translate "Bhagavata" from original Sanskrit to Kannada and Asthan Vidwan Motaganahalli Shankara Sastri who is credited with the composition of "Vedanta Panchadarshi", a work extensively quoted by D. V. Gundappa. S. R. Ramaswamy's ancestor Yagnapathi Bhatta or Yagnam Bhatta was a famous court poet in the court of Immadi Kempegowda. S. R. Ramaswamy happens to be the younger brother of renowned journalist and former Feature Editor of "Prajamatha" S. R. Krishnamurthy.[6]

Education[edit]

S. R. Ramaswamy had his preliminary schooling at Bangalore High School at Bangalore. He later on studied "Intermediate" course at The National College, Basavanagudi, Bangalore in the year 1953 – 54.

Career[edit]

Journalism[edit]

"SVETOSLAV ROERICH" (Art Catalogue) by S. R. Ramaswamy

S. R. Ramaswamy began his career in journalism as an assistant editor at the William Quan Judge (W. Q. Judge) Press at Bangalore in the late 1950s. Following a brief interlude, he joined the Kannada weekly "Sudha" as the Chief Sub – Editor in 1972, a position he held until 1979. In 1980 he was made Honorary Editor – in – Chief at "Rashrothana Sahitya" and Kannada monthly "Utthana" at Bangalore, a position he continues to grace till date. S. R. Ramaswamy has been actively involved in delivering lectures at seminars and conferences across the country concerning a wide range of social, cultural and literary topics.

A keen thinker, intellectual, social activist and biographer – S. R. Ramaswamy continues to contribute actively to Kannada dailies such as "Prajavani" and "Kannada Prabha" among others. S. R. Ramaswamy is well versed in Sanskrit, Hindi, German, French, Kannada and Telugu – and has authored 55 books both in Kannada and English and about thousand articles, excluding numerous translations from various languages to Kannada. An excerpt from one of his earliest pieces – a review of noted French poet, essayist and philosopher – Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry's "The Quintessentialised Intellectual" published in the 1972 PEN International Edition surmises his keen insight and in-depth knowledge of world literature:[7]

An acclaimed art critic, S. R. Ramaswamy came to prominence when he authored an "Art Catalogue" on famous Russian painter Svetoslav Roerich chronicling his many paintings and exhibitions that the painter hosted in different countries across the world. The book has in it some rare photographs depicting the acclaimed Russian painter explaining and often showcasing his works to heads of states such as Nikita Kruschev and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru among others. Printed in limited numbers, the book is seldom found in libraries and is a collector's item today. Ramaswamy also came in contact with such eminent personalities as art critic Venkataram and internationally renowned Gandhian Economists Lakshmi Chand Jain and Sri Kumarappa.

Public life and Social Activism[edit]

S. R. Ramaswamy with Rallapalli Ananta Krishna Sharma

S. R. Ramaswamy has been active in literature and journalism for over five decades and is a staunch advocate of the “Swadeshi movement" in India. Over the last few decades, Ramaswamy has spearheaded "Voluntary Rural Development Initiatives" in the Indian state of Karnataka with the aim of empowering the rural population for self-governance and better administration. He has been fighting for various environmental causes, both at state and national levels, often culminating in landmark legal battles before the Supreme Court of India. Most memorable of these was a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) he fought along with noted Kannada Litterateur Shivaram Karanth against Government of Karnataka concerning the conservation of nearly 30,000 hectares of reserve forest which was set aside to be handed over to a paper industry.[8]

His association with noted composer, singer and writer Rallapalli Ananta Krishna Sharma enabled him to acquire proficiency in Carnatic as well as Hindustani classical music. His proficiency in the classical Indian dance form – Bharata Natyam was the result of his years of association with eminent dance maestro V. S. Kowshik.

Having remained a bachelor, S. R. Ramaswamy continues to remain active in public life. The “Gokhale Institute of Public Affairs” – an independent, non-party and non-communal organization established to function as a centre for education of the public towards a constructive democratic citizenship was founded in the year 1949 by noted Kannada writer and philosopher D. V. Gundappa. After D. V. Gundappa's tenure, the administration fell on the shoulders of retired Chief Justice of the Karnataka High CourtNittoor Srinivasa Rau who subsequently bequeathed the administrative responsibilities to S. R. Ramaswamy who has ever since headed the organization in the position of Secretary. S. R. Ramaswamy has had the distinction of organizing four programmes a month over 12 months, almost a year in advance – a true testament to his organisational and administrative acumen.

S. R. Ramaswamy has consistently declined requests to visit foreign countries in connection with various conferences and seminars. In fact, he declined an invitation from the United Nations Office for a Global Environmental Summit at Rio de Janeiro in the 1990s citing personal reasons. However, Ramaswamy is actively involved in the Indian setting and has delivered papers at over 100 seminars & workshops on topics such as "Sharathchandra" (1977), "Towards Understanding Hindu Society" (1990), "Gandhian Concept of Ecology" (1992), "Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose" (1996), "The Regime of Sir Mirza Ismail" (1998), "Life and Work of V. Sitaramaiah", "Swadeshi movement of 1905: Historic Turning Point" (2005), "Saga of Patriotism: Martyrs in the Freedom Movement" (2007), "Contribution of Rallapalli Ananta Krishna Sharma to Kannada and Telugu" (2010), "Life and work of D. V. Gundappa" (2011), "Contribution of Sanskritist Professor S. K. Ramachandra Rao" (2013) and "Belagere Krishna Sastri" (2013).

Bibliography[edit]

Writing[edit]

S. R. Ramaswamy with D. V. Gundappa

S. R. Ramaswamy was fortunate in coming under the umbrella of such intellectual giants as D. V. Gundappa, V. Sitaramayya, Rallapalli Ananta Krishna Sharma, A. R. Krishnashastry, P. Kodanda Rao and Yadava Rao Joshi among others. His close association with D. V. Gundappa saw him putting to paper many of D. V. G.'s dictations; a task which he carried out with such meticulous dedication that D. V. Gundappa later reminisced about Ramaswamy in "Gnapaka Chitrashale" with great affection and gratitude. In fact, S. R. Ramaswamy played a pivotal role in compilation, editing and often proof-reading many of D. V. G's works – most notably "Jeevanadharmayoga" & "Bhagavadtatparya".[9]

His first book “Mahabharatada Belavanige" (1972) attracted considerable attention from critics. His two volumes on Russian painter Svetoslav Roerich which came out as a collective in 1974 remains probably the only collected archive of the great painter's works and exhibitions around the world. His famous work "Shatamanada Tiruvinalli Bharata" (India at the turn of the century) (1989) won him the prestigious "Karnataka Sahitya Akademi Award" for best work written in Social Science in 1992. B. R. Ambedkar's biography co-authored with Chandrashekhar Bhandary titled "Samaja-Chikitsaka Ambedkar" published in 1990 attracted great attention and commendation for its truthfulness, accuracy and lack of bias. In fact, it has been widely translated into many Indian vernacular languages over the years. S. R. Ramaswamy's outspoken stand on the "Swadeshi" ideology was mirrored in two of his books published in 1994 titled "Swadeshi Jagruti" and "Swadeshi: Ondu Samvada” (Swadeshi: A Dialogue). His take on Globalisation and its impact on third world economies was well illustrated in his book published in 1995 titled "In The Woods of Globalisation". The successive year, 1996, would see one of his most famous books come to light – a biography of president of Indian National Congress and later the Indian National Army Subhas Chandra Bose titled "Kolminchu", which was received well by critics and readers alike. In the successive years, S. R. Ramaswamy brought out collections of brief biographical sketches of eminent personalities such as S. Srikanta Sastri, D. V. Gundappa, V. Sitaramayya, Rallapalli Ananta Krishna Sharma, Virakesari Sitarama Sastri, N. Chennakeshaiavaih, Yadavraj Joshi, P. Kodanda Rao, Ti. Ta. Sharma, Pt. Seshadri Gawai, M. H. Marigowda and V. S. Kowshik among others in two books titled "Deevitegegalu"[10] and "Deeptimantaru" in 1998 and 2011. In addition to these, there are in excess of 20 various books of different Indian languages which have been translated to Kannada.

List of Books[edit]

"Deevatigegalu" (a collection of biographies) by S. R. Ramaswamy
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1972)-Mahabharata Belavanige
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1974)-Svetoslav Roerich (Ed.)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1976)-D. V. G. – a biography
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1979)-Udaya Shankar – a biography
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1980)-Sripad Damodar Satwalekar – a biography
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1985)-Aravinda – Pt. Seshadri Gawai Felicitation Volume (Ed.)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1989)-Shatamanada Tiruvinalli Bharata[11]
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1990)-Samaja Chikitsaka Ambedkar – co-authored with Chandrashekar Bhandary[12]
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1992)-Bharatadalli Samajakarya – (Ed.)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1994)-Swadeshi Jagruti
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1994)-Arthikatheya Eradu Dhruva[13]
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1994)-Swadeshi: Ondu Samvada
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1995)-In The Woods of Globalisation[14]
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1996)-Kolminchu
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1997)-Swantantrodyayada Mailigallu"[15]
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1998)-Deevatigegalu[16](pictured in photo)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1999)-Matantara: Ondu Samvada – co-authored with Chandrashekhara Bhandary
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1999)-Kargil Kampana[17]
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2000)-Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya a biography
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2000)-Sardar Vallabhai Patel a biography
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2000)-Jayaprakash Narayan a biography
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2001)-Magadi Lakshminarasimha Sastri a biography
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2010)-Kelavu Itihasa Parvagalu[18]
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2009)-Nagarikathegala Sangharsha"[19]
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2009)-Sahiti-Samarangana-Sarvabhouma Krishnadevaraya
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2009)-Kautilyana Arthashastra
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2010)-Sookti Saptati[20]
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2011)-Deeptimantaru[21]
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2011)-Dhruvajala"[22]
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2011)-Bharata Bhaskara Rabindranath Tagore
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2012)-Yajurveda Belakinalli Jeevana Paripoornate
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2013)-Navotthanada Pathadarshaka Swami Vivekananda
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2013)-Kavalige

List of Translations[edit]

"Nagarikathegala Sangharsha" by S. R. Ramaswamy
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1975)-Patra Gucha – Nehru: A Bunch of Old Letters,[23][24] (with K. S. Narasimha Swamy)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1981)-Dr Hedgewar: The Epochmaker,[25][26]
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1982)-Manobodha[27] of Samarth Ramadas
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1987)-Sangha – Gita from Sanskrit
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1987)-Mahavedha by Chivukula Purushottam (from Telugu)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1989)-Bharata Jagruti by Dharma pal (from English)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1991)-Arya Akramana: Budavillada Vada by N. R. Waradpande (from English)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1992)-Top Writer by Panuganti (from Telugu)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1994)-I.C.C.U by Chittarvu Madhu (from Telugu)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1994)-Dunkel Akramakke Parihara: Swadeshi Jagruti
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1996)-Bharatiya Chitta, Manasa, Kala by Dharmapal (from Hindi)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1996)-Kattiyalugina Setuve by Panuganti (from Telugu)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1997)-Sevapatha by Brajendrapal Singh (from Hindi)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1998)-Bye Bye Poloniya by Chittarvu Madhu (from Telugu)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2001)-Houde..? by Chittarvu Madhu (from Telugu)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2002)-Jedare Bale by Chittarvu Madhu (from Telugu)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2005)-Shilube Mattu Kodavaru by K. B. Ganapati (from English)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2007)-Anandamatha by Bankim Chandra (from Hindi)[28]
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2008)-Roopayigalu Baruttave, Jagruti! by Prabhakar Jaini (from Telugu)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2009)-Asidhara by Kasturi Muralikrishna (from Telugu)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2011)-Endu Yava Anubhandavo by Akumuri Muralikrishna (from Telugu)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2012)-Vishwaprayatna by Akumuri Muralikrishna (from Telugu)
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2013)-Target Number Two by G. Nageshwara rao

List of Lectures[edit]

  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1972)-Vellala Kavi Parampare
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1972)-S. Srikanta Sastrigala Bahumuka Parampare
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1972)-Critique of Paul Valery
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1975)-Copy – Editing
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1977)-Sharathchandra
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1983)-Life of Soliga Tribals
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1984)-State of Land Reforms
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1987)-Feature Writing & Development Journalism
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1988)-Social Costs of Social Forestry[29]
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1990)-Towards Understanding Hindu Society
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1992)-Gandhian Concept of Ecology
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1993)-Alternative Life Vision: An Economic Perspective
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1993)-Text – A Critical Study of the Mahabharata
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1993)-Hindu Economics
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1995)-Towards Humanistic Economies
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1996)-United Nations in Retrospect
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1996)-Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1998)-The Regime of Sir Mirza Ismail
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1998)-The Concept of Development
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1998)-Relevance of Swadeshi Movement
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (1998)-Life and Work of V. Sitaramaiah
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2001)-A Decade of Globalisation
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2002)-Intellectual Pollution
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2003)-Journalism Today
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2005)-Swadeshi Movement of 1905: Historic Turning Point
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2007)-Saga of Patriotism: Martyrs in Freedom Movement
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2007)-Foreign Friends of India's Freedom Movement
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2010)-Contribution of Rallapalli Ananta Krishna Sharma
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2011)-Life and Work of D. V. Gundappa
  • Ramaswamy, S. R. (2013)-Contribution of Sanskritist Prof S. K. Ramachandra Rao
  • Ramaswamy. S. R. (2013)-Belagere Krishna Sastri

Recognition[edit]

S. R. Ramaswamy receiving Honorary Doctorate from Karnataka State Open University (KSOU)

S. R. Ramaswamy's vast contribution to the world of journalism, literature, criticism and social activism have earned him many awards and accolades over the years. Yet, the greatest recognition of his genius most certainly stems from the scores of readers in the public arena who have embraced his writings with avid loyalty. A few of these awards are listed here: –

  • “Canara Bank Award” First prize for article on “The Life of Soliga Tribals” (1983)
  • "Canara Bank Award" First prize for article on "State of Land Reforms” (1984)
  • Karnataka Sahitya Akademi Award” for "Shatamanada Tiruvinalli Bharata" (1989) as best work written in Social Science (1992)
  • Aryabhata Award" for Journalism (2006)
  • "Karnataka Rajyotsava Prashasti” for Contribution to Literature (2008)
  • "Mythic Society Centenary Award" for Scholastic Achievements (2009)
  • Honorary Doctorate 'D. Litt' from Karnataka State Open University for Lifetime Contribution to Literature & Journalism (2011)
  • Karnataka Madhyama Academy "Person of the Year" Award for five decades of service to Journalism (2011)
  • D. V. G Award - conferred by The D. V. G Balaga, Mysore[30]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sastri, S. Srikanta. "S. R. Ramaswamy". Biographical Sketch. www.srikanta-sastri.org. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  2. ^ Ayoga, Jnana. "Kannada Sahitya Akademi Award". Biography. Govt of Karnataka. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  3. ^ Itihasa. "S. R. Ramaswamy – a biography". biographical sketch. www.itihasa.in. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Bhat, Janardhan (1998). Shishta Vishista. Mangalore: Kannada Jana Antaranga. pp. 59–63. 
  5. ^ Sastri, S.Srikanta. "S. R. Ramaswamy". Biographical Sketch. www.srikanta-sastri.org. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  6. ^ Sastri, T. V. Venkatachala (2000). Mulukanadu Brahmanaru. Bangalore: Mulukanadu Mahasangha. pp. 348–350. 
  7. ^ Sastri, S. Srikanta. "S. R. Ramaswamy – A Biographical Memoir". A Biographical Memoir. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  8. ^ Kanoon, Indian. "Public Interest Litigation (PIL)". Legal Record of Supreme Court of India. www.indiakanoon.org. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  9. ^ Chiranjeevi (1998). Mana Mudre. Bangalore: Tushara. pp. 156–158. 
  10. ^ S. R., Ramaswamy (2009). Deevitegegalu. Bangalore: Sahitya Sindhu Prakashana. pp. 183–207. ISBN 81-86595-02-3. 
  11. ^ S. R., Ramaswamy (1989). Shatamanada Tiruvinalli Bharata. Bangalore: Rashrothana Sahitya. pp. 350–358. 
  12. ^ S.R., Bhandari, Ramaswami, C. S. "Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar – An Outstanding Patriot". Biography of B. R. Ambedkar. Suruchi Prakashan. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  13. ^ S. R., Ramaswamy (1994). Arthikatheya Eradu Dhruva. Bangalore: Sahitya Sindhu Prakashana. 
  14. ^ S. R., Ramaswamy (1995). In The Woods of Globalisation. Bangalore: Sahitya Sindhu Prakashana. 
  15. ^ S. R., Ramaswamy (1997). Swantantrodyayada Mailigalli. Bangalore: Rashrothana Sahitya. ISBN 81-7531-002-2. 
  16. ^ S. R., Ramaswamy (1998). Deevatigegalu. Bangalore: Sahitya Sindhu Prakashana. ISBN 81-86595-02-3. 
  17. ^ S. R., Ramaswamy (1999). Kargil Kampana. Bangalore: Rashrothana Sahitya. ISBN 81-7531-021-9. 
  18. ^ S. R., Ramaswamy (2010). Kelavu Itihasa Parvagalu. Bangalore: Rashrothana Sahitya. ISBN 8175310545. 
  19. ^ S. R., Ramaswamy (2009). Nagarikathegala Sangharsha. Bangalore: Rashrothana Sahitya. ISBN 81-7531-050-2. 
  20. ^ S. R., Ramaswamy (2010). Sookti Saptati. Bangalore: Rashrothana Sahitya. ISBN 81-7531-051-0. 
  21. ^ Rāmasvāmi, Es. Ār. (2011). Dīptimantaru : vyakticitragaḷu. Bangalore: Sapna Books. ISBN 9788186595503. 
  22. ^ S. R., Ramaswamy (2011). Dhruvajala. Bangalore: Rashrothana Sahitya. ISBN 81-7531-058-8. 
  23. ^ Nehru, Jawaharlal (1988). A bunch of old letters : written mostly to Jawaharlal Nehru and some written by him (2nd ed.). Delhi: Oxford University Press. ASIN 0195623282. ISBN 978-0195623284. 
  24. ^ Nehru, Gandhi, Jawaharlal, Mahatma. "A bunch of old letters written mostly to Jawaharlal Nehru and some written by him". Collection of Letters. Asia Publishing House (1960). Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  25. ^ Epochmaker, Dr Hedgewar. "Dr Hedgewar: The Epochmaker". Biography. Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  26. ^ The Epochmaker, Dr Hedgewar. "Dr Hedgewar: The Epochmaker". Biography by H. V. Seshadri. Sahitya Sindhu. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  27. ^ Ramadasa, Hari Date, Vinayak. "Manobodha: manako sambodhita ślokoṃ kā Hindī anuvāda". Book. Lakshmī Devī Vyāsa, 1979. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  28. ^ Rāmasvāmi, Baṅgāli mūla, Baṅkimacandra ; Kannaḍa anuvāda, Es. Ār. (2007). Ānandamaṭha (1st ed.). Beṅgaḷūru: Rāṣṭrōtthāna Sāhitya. ISBN 9788175310452. 
  29. ^ Political Weekly, Economic. "Social Costs of Social Forestry". Article. Economic & Political Weekly. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  30. ^ Hindu, The (24 March 2014). "S.R.Ramaswamy bags DVG Award". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 May 2014.