S. V. Venkatraman

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S. V. Venkatraman
Birth name Venkatraman
Born (1911-04-25)25 April 1911
Origin Ayyampalayam, Madras Presidency, British India
Died 7 April 1998(1998-04-07) (aged 86)
Palavakkam, Tamil Nadu, India
Occupation(s) Film score composer, music director, actor, singer
Website svvenkataraman.com

Sozhavanthan Varadharajan (S.V.) Venkatraman (Tamil: சோழவந்தான் வரதராஜன் வெங்கட்ராமன்) (25 April 1911 – 7 April 1998), also known as SVV, was an actor, singer, and music director, who was active in the Indian film industry from 1938 to the 1970s.

Venkatraman composed the music for Meera, starring M. S. Subbulakshmi. He also composed music for more than 200 Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, and Hindi films.

Early life[edit]

Sozhavanthan Varadharajan Venkatraman was born on 25 April 1911, to Varadharajan Iyer and Lakshmi Ammal. When he was three years old, his father died, and his uncle took responsibility for his upbringing. Although he displayed an aptitude for music from an early age, his school education ended after the fourth standard.

To pursue his passion for music he went to Chintadripet, Madras. There the head of a drama troupe him heard singing, and offered Venkatraman a job as a stage artist/singer/musician. Venkatraman learnt to play the harmonium, but had no formal training in Carnatic music.

During his time in Madras, Venkatraman he acted in five films. During a fight scene in one of the films he broke his left hand. While recuperating at Cubbon Park, Bangalore, A. V. Meiyappa Chettiar found Venkatraman and invited him back to Madras to work as the music director for Chettiar's next film, Nanda Kumar.

Career[edit]

Venkatraman composed music for many films, including Nanda Kumar, Tahsildar, Valmiki, Manonmani, Kannagi, Nandanar, Meera (Tamil and Hindi), Naga Panchami, Sri Murugan, Manohara (Tamil, Telugu and Hindi), and Irumbu Thirai.

Venkatraman worked with actors such as C. N. Annadurai, M. G. Ramachandran, M. Karunanidhi, Jayalalitha, and N. T. Rama Rao. Many popular composers, including M. S. Viswanathan, T. K. Ramamoorthy, and G. K. Venkatesh worked with him.

All leading playback singers of the time from P. U. Chinnappa Bhagavathar and G. N. Balasubramaniam to M. M. Dandapani Desikar and T. M. Soundararajan lent their voices to Venkatraman's tunes. Carnatic music legends D. K. Pattammal and M. L. Vasanthakumari also came under his baton. Venkatraman himself also proved his prowess as a singer in a few films. Venkatraman's last assignment was Sri Krishna Leela.

Venkatraman scored the music for the famous "Bhaja Govindam", sung by M. S. Subbulakshmi and worked on songs that she made famous, such as "Vadavaraiyai Mathakki", "Mudiondrum Moolangalum", and a few Mahakavi Bharathiyar songs. He set to tune the Narayaneeyam and the Guruvayur Suprabhatam, rendered by Trichur Ramachandran and Papanasam Sivan's Sree Rama Charitha Geetham and sung by Sirkazhi Govindarajan. He tuned Mahakavi Bharathiyar songs and tuned Karpagambal Andhadi for M. M. Dandapani Desikar. He was the composer for All India Radio's Serndhisai, Vadhya Vrindha, and many other music ventures. Music for the Voice of India by Mahatma Gandhi's son had been scored by him.

Venkatraman worked with singers like T. M. Soundararajan, A. M. Rajah, Seerkazhi Govindarajan, Thiruchi Loganathan, V. N. Sundaram, T. A. Mothi, M. L. Vasanthakumari, P. Leela, Jikki, T. V. Rathinam, A. P. Komala, Radha Jayalakshmi, K. Jamuna Rani, P. Suseela, K. Ranee, S. Janaki, and L. R. Eswari.

The singing actors M. M. Dandapani Desikar, G. N. Balasubramaniam, M. S. Subbulakshmi, D. K. Pattammal, P. U. Chinnappa, C. Honnappa Bhagavathar, U. R. Jeevarathinam, N. C. Vasanthakokilam, T. R. Mahalingam, T. R. Rajakumari, Chittor V. Nagaiah, N. S. Krishnan, T. A. Madhuram, T. S. Durairaj, and J. P. Chandrababu all sang songs under his compositions.

Personal life[edit]

Venkatraman married Saraswathi at the age of 28 in 1939. The couple had four sons and four daughters.

Venkatraman died in his sleep on 7 April 1998, at his residence in Palavakkam.[citation needed]

Filmography[edit]

Music director[edit]

Year Film Language Cast Banner Co-Music Director
1938 Nandakumar Tamil T. R. Mahalingam Pragati Pictures Ltd
1940 Bhookailas Telugu AVM Productions R. Sudharsanam
1940 Sakunthalai Tamil G. N. Balasubramaniam, M. S. Subbulakshmi Royal Talkies Thuraiyur Rajagopala Sharma
1941 Mani Maalai or Mainarin Kaadhal Tamil T. S. Durairaj, P. R. Mangalam
1941 Kamadenu Tamil K. B. Vastal, Vathsala
1942 Kannagi Tamil P. U. Chinnappa, P. Kannamba, U. R. Jeevarathinam, M. S. Saroja Jupiter Pictures
1943 Kubera Kuchela Tamil P. U. Chinnappa, Papanasam Sivan, P. S. Govindan, T. R. Rajakumari Jupiter Pictures Kunnakudi Venkatarama Iyer, N. S. Balakrishnan & T. K. Ramanathan
1944 Mahamaya Tamil P. U. Chinnappa, P. Kannamba Jupiter Pictures
1944 Harichandra Tamil P. U. Chinnappa, P. Kannamba Sri Rajarajeswari Films
1945 Meera Tamil Chittor V. Nagaiah, M. S. Subbulakshmi Chandraprabha Cinetone
1945 Paranjothi Tamil V. A. Chellappa, T. P. Rajalakshmi
1946 Valmiki Tamil C. Honnappa Bhagavathar, U. R. Jeevarathinam, N. C. Vasanthakokilam, T. R. Rajakumari Central Studios Papanasam Sivan
1946 Sri Murugan Tamil C. Honnappa Bhagavathar, M. G. Ramachandran, U. R. Jeevarathinam Jupiter Pictures S. M. Subbaiah Naidu
1947 Meera Hindi M. S. Subbulakshmi Chandraprabha Cinetone
1947 Thiyagi Tamil N. Krishna Moorthy, V. N. Janaki
1947 Mahathma Utthangar Tamil Kothamangalam Seenu, Vijaya Kumari
1948 Thirumazhisai Aazhwar Tamil M. M. Dandapani Desikar, M. S. Devasena Sri Kanna Films
1948 Krishna Bhakthi Tamil P. U. Chinnappa, T. R. Rajakumari Krishna Pictures Kunnakudi Venkatarama Iyer
1948 Gnana Soundari Tamil T. R. Mahalingam, M. V. Rajamma Citadel Film Corporation
1948 Gokuladhasi Tamil N. Krishna Moorthy, M. V. Rajamma Neptune Studios
1949 Navajeevanam Tamil Chittor V. Nagaiah, P. Kannamba Rajarajeshwari Films
1949 Laila Majnu Tamil T. R. Mahalingam, M. V. Rajamma Balaji Pictures
1950 Idhaya Geetham Tamil T. R. Mahalingam, T. R. Rajakumari Citadel Film Corporation
1950 Sri Krishna Vijayam Tamil P. V. Narasimha Bharathi, N. C. Vasanthakokilam Jupiter Pictures S. M. Subbaiah Naidu & C. S. Jayaraman
1950 Paarijatham Tamil T. R. Mahalingam, M. V. Rajamma, B. S. Saroja G. Ramanathan & C. R. Subburaman
1950 Laila Majnu Tamil T. R. Mahalingam, M. V. Rajamma
1951 Vanasundari Tamil P. U. Chinnappa, T. R. Rajakumari
1951 Singari Tamil T. R. Ramachandran, Lalitha
1951 Lavanya Tamil T. E. Varadhan, Athi M. Irani, Surya Prabha
1953 Kangal Tamil Sivaji Ganesan Motion Pictures Team G. Ramanathan
1953 Panakkaari Tamil M. G. Ramachandran, Chittor V. Nagaiah, T. R. Rajakumari Uma Pictures
1953 Manithan Tamil T. K. Shanmugam, Krishna Kumari
1954 Manohara Tamil Sivaji Ganesan, Girija, P. Kannamba Manohar Pictures T. R. Ramanathan
1954 Manohara Telugu Sivaji Ganesan, Girija, P. Kannamba Manohar Pictures T. R. Ramanathan
1954 Manohar Hindi Sivaji Ganesan, Girija, P. Kannamba Manohar Pictures T. R. Ramanathan
1955 Maman Magal Tamil Gemini Ganesan, Savitri Mani Productions
1955 Kodeeswaran Tamil Sivaji Ganesan, Padmini Shri Ganesh Movietone
1955 Kalyanam Seithukko Tamil P. S. Govindan, Girija
1956 Kannin Manigal Tamil M. K. Radha, Padmini Maheswari Pictures
1956 Nannambikkai Tamil N. N. Kannappa, Pandari Bai Film Center
1956 Paanai Pidithaval Bagyasaali Tamil Gemini Ganesan, Savitri Maragatha Pictures
1956 Ondre Kulam Tamil R. S. Manohar, Madhuri Devi
1960 Irumbu Thirai Tamil Sivaji Ganesan, Vyjayanthimala, B. Saroja Devi Gemini Studios
1961 Marudha Nattu Veeran Tamil Sivaji Ganesan, Jamuna Sri Ganesh Prasad Movies
1961 Akbar Tamil Prithviraj Kapoor, Dilip Kumar, Madhubala, Durga Khote Sterling Investment Corporation
1963 Arivaali Tamil Sivaji Ganesan, P. Bhanumathi A.T.K. Productions
1977 Sri Krishna Leelai Tamil Sivakumar, Sri Vidhya C.N.V. Movies

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