A SAMU Social is a municipal humanitarian emergency service in several cities in France and worldwide whose purpose is to provide care and medical ambulatory aid and nursing to homeless people and people in social distress. This is partially accomplished via mobile units which distribute food, hot drinks, blankets, etc. Its nickname has been not well accepted because it bears confusion with a SAMU (Service d'Aide Médicale Urgente), which is an ambulance service.
The SAMU Social de Paris lists the following goals as its mission:
- At night: mobile assistance teams
- 24-hour management of the 1-1-5 emergency telephone number for Homeless people alert.
- 24-hour emergency shelters with nursing care
- During the day: reception at the "Solidarity-Insertion-Centre"
- Increase the scientific knowledge of impoverished populations, from precarious situations to total exclusion, by identifying and analysing the sanitary and social problematic
- Observing the phenomenon of wanderings, by establishing a typology of populations, tracking their paths and monitoring the social indicators
The name comes from SAMU ( service d'aide médicale urgente, "emergency medical assistance service") which in reality and by law is the French Medical Regulation of Emergencies Center based in Hospitals and which role is to regulate the medical Emergency Fluxes of demands Medicosanitary Regulation of Emergencies of a Public Health Integrated Emergency Medical System (IEMS) ; the acronym has become a kind of popular informal word, synonym to emergency action because it is the mark labelling Mobile Intensive Care Unit Ambulances in France. A new origin was proposed to this acronym as used in this appellation : service ambulatoire d'urgences .
- SAMU Social de Paris
- SAMU Social de Marseilles
- SAMU Social de Bruxelles
- SAMU Social de Moscou
- SAMU Social International
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