SAT subject tests
SAT Subject Tests are 20 multiple-choice standardized tests given on individual subjects, usually taken to improve a student's credentials for admission to colleges in the United States. Students typically choose which tests to take depending upon college entrance requirements for the schools to which they are planning to apply. Until 1994, the SAT Subject Tests were known as Achievement Tests, and until January 2005, they were known as SAT II: Subject Tests; they are still commonly known by these names. Every test is now a one-hour timed test. Historically, the exception to the one-hour time was the writing test, which was divided into a 20-minute essay question and a 40-minute multiple-choice section; the writing test was discontinued in January 2005.
A student may take up to three SAT Subject Tests on any given date at a flat rate $23 (+$28 for international test takers) and $12 per test (unless it includes a listening portion, then it is $21 plus $21 per test). Most SAT Subject Tests are offered on the same day as the regular SAT Reasoning Test; therefore, students cannot take both the SAT Reasoning Test and Subject Tests on the same day. The language tests with listening are generally available only once a year, in November. A calendar of test dates and registration deadlines can be found on The College Board's official website.
Previously offered tests
These were discontinued after January 2005 when the SAT II in Writing was incorporated into the SAT.
Scoring and admissions
Each individual test is scored on a scale of 200 to 800; however, some of the tests are scored on such generous curves that it is impossible to get a 200; for example, if someone gets every question wrong on the Mathematics Level 2 test, he/she might receive a score of 310; it all depends on the version of the test. The one and only exception was the ELPT, which was scored on a scale of 901 to 999.
Prior to the first administration of the new SAT Reasoning Test (which includes the writing section) in March 2005, some highly selective colleges required applicants to take three SAT Subject Tests, including the writing test and two other tests of the applicant's choosing, in addition to the SAT. However, with writing now a standard component of the SAT Reasoning Test, most selective colleges recommend applicants to submit scores for any two SAT Subject Tests. Engineering schools may recommend or require Chemistry or Physics and Math Level 2. A handful of the most competitive schools still require three Subject Tests in addition to the three sections of the SAT Reasoning Test, while schools such as Georgetown and Harvard, which earlier required three Subject Tests, now 'strongly recommend' taking three Subject Tests.
Schools also vary with regard to their SAT Subject Test requirements of students submitting scores for the ACT in place of the SAT: some schools consider the ACT an alternative to both the SAT and some SAT Subject Tests, whereas others accept the ACT but require SAT Subject Tests as well. Information about a school's specific test requirements can typically be found on its official website.
In October 2002, the College Board decided to drop the "Score Choice" option for exams. They figured that it benefited wealthier students taking the exam who could afford to take it multiple times. Score Choice means that scores are not released to colleges until the student approves the score after seeing it.
As of the March 2009 test, test takers now have the ability to choose whether or not to send scores thus reinstating the "Score Choice" option.
The answer sheet has room for 115 answers; however, no test has more than 95 questions. 1–100 are standard multiple-choice bubbles and 101–115 are for 'relationship analysis questions', which are only used for the chemistry exam. The biology test is the only test to use answers 96–100; questions 1–60 are common to both the E and M tests, in addition, the E uses 61–80, and the M uses 81–100.
- "SAT Subject Test Percentile Ranks" (PDF). The College Board. Retrieved 2007-07-06.
- SAT Subject Test in Mathematics Level 1
- SAT Subject Test in Mathematics Level 2
- Real SAT Subject Tests
- "Prospective Freshman FAQ". Berkeley Engineering. University of California – Berkeley. Retrieved 16 October 2013. "Engineering applicants are also strongly encouraged to take the SAT Subject Test in Math Level 2 and a SAT Subject Test in science (Biology E.M., Chemistry or Physics) in order to be as competitive as possible."
- "Freshman Applicants". California Institute of Technology (CalTech). Retrieved 16 October 2013. "Testing Requirements: ...SAT Mathematics Level 2; 1 SAT Subject Test: Biology (Ecological), Biology (Molecular), Chemistry, OR Physics"
- "Standardized Test Requirements & Policies". Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved 16 October 2013. "CIT: Carnegie Institute of Technology / Two SAT Subject Tests: Math Level I or II, Physics or Chemistry"
- "Instructions & Preparation". Duke University. Retrieved 16 October 2013. "Applicants to the Pratt School of Engineering who take the SAT must take one SAT Subject Test in Mathematics (level 1 or level 2). Applicants to the Trinity College of Arts & Sciences who take the SAT may take any two SAT Subject Tests."
- "Tests & Scores". Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Retrieved 16 October 2013. "In addition, we require two SAT Subject Tests: one in math (level 1 or 2), and one in science (physics, chemistry, or biology e/m). We do not have a preference as to which science you take or which level math you take."
- "Stanford: FRESHMAN APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS, 2013 – 2014". Stanford University. Retrieved 16 October 2013. "SAT Subject Tests: ...Recommended but not required"
- Jaschik, Scott (9 August 2010). "Era Ends for 3 Subject Test Requirements". Inside Higher Ed.
- Schoenfeld, Jane (24 May 2002). "College board drops 'score choice' for SAT-II exams". St. Louis Business Journal.
- "Score Choice™: SAT Score-Reporting Policy". College Board. 2012.