Greens South Australia
|The Australian Greens SA|
|Headquarters||PO Box 10483
(239 Wright St)
Adelaide BC SA 5000
|International affiliation||Global Greens
Asia-Pacific Green Network
|Politics of Australia
Prior to 1995, a very small local Green party not connected to the emerging Australian Greens contested a number of State and Federal elections. This party was more or less non-functioning by the time Mark Parnell called the first meetings to establish a new Green Party in 1995. It took a number of attempts to get the new party off the ground, however a visit to Adelaide by Bob Brown in late 1995 provided the necessary impetus to register the new party.
Since that time, the SA Greens have steadily built up a support base at state and federal elections, partly due to the demise of the Democrats. The SA Greens now have two MLCs and two Senators, with polling for the 2013 federal and 2014 state elections by Newspoll showing the Green vote consistently above 10 percent.
2002 Labor defection
Kris Hanna, the member for Mitchell, was elected as an ALP member in 1997, but changed to The Greens in 2003. Hanna left the party in February 2006, citing constituents' wishes for him not to be bound to any party.
2006 state election
At the 2006 state election, Environmental lawyer Mark Parnell became the first Green candidate to be elected in South Australia, securing a position in the Legislative Council on a primary vote of 4.3 percent. A vote of 6.5 percent was achieved in the House of Assembly.
The best lower house result was in the electoral district of Heysen, on a primary vote of 17.7 percent. Heysen was also the Democrats closest lower house win, coming as close as 1.9 percent at the 1997 state election on a primary vote of 29.2 percent, finishing at 48.1 percent after preferences.
2007 federal election
Second on the 2006 state ticket, Sarah Hanson-Young was first on the ticket at the 2007 federal election, and became South Australia's first Greens Senator. She won the sixth and final South Australian Senate position with a primary vote of 6.5 percent. The strongest Green votes in the Senate came from Adelaide, Boothby and Mayo.
2008 Mayo federal by-election
Sparked by the resignation of Liberal Party MP Alexander Downer, a Mayo by-election was held in 2008. Labor chose not to contest the by-election. Greens candidate Lynton Vonow finished second, on a primary vote of 21.35 percent amongst a field of 11 candidates, a swing of 10.39 percent, and finished on a final vote of 46.97 percent after the distribution of preferences, falling narrowly short of taking the seat from the Liberals.
2010 state election
Prior to the 2010 state election, the Greens had gone from four to ten percent and above in state Newspolls. In the lower house, the vote increased to 8.1 percent, with the upper house vote to 6.6 percent. The Greens were successful in electing upper house candidate Tammy Jennings (now Tammy Franks), joining current Greens MLC Mark Parnell who will be up for election in 2014.
2010 federal election
At the 2010 federal election, polls showed a similar substantial increase. The SA Greens received a swing of 6.8 percent in South Australia for the Australian Senate, to finish with 13.3 percent of the statewide vote. Penny Wright was subsequently elected, joining Hanson-Young and 7 other Green Senators from July 2011.
- "Hanna leaves Greens to run as independent. 08/02/2006. ABC News Online". Abc.net.au. 8 February 2006. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
- "Graph 12, Page 10.". Retrieved 1 February 2011.
- Greens gain from protest over climate: The Advertiser 18 December 2009[dead link]
- "tammyjennings.org.au". tammyjennings.org.au. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
- SA Senate 2010 results: AEC
- "SA Senate 2010 seats". ABC. 29 July 2010. Retrieved 1 February 2011.