SBS Transit logo since 2002
|Traded as||SGX: S61|
|Founded||1973 (as Singapore Bus Service)
2001 (as SBS Transit)
|Key people||Lim Jit Poh (Chairman)
Kua Hong Pak (Deputy chairman)
Gan Juay Kiat (CEO)
|Products||Bus and Rail Services in Singapore|
|Revenue||S$847.3 million SGD (2013)|
|Operating income||S$15.5 million SGD (2013)|
|Net income||S$11.1 million SGD (2013)|
SBS Transit Limited (simplified Chinese: 新捷运; traditional Chinese: 新捷運; pinyin: Xīnjiéyùn) (SGX: S61) is a public transport operator in Singapore. Its major competitor in Singapore's duopoly transport system is SMRT Corporation, which also operates bus, rail, taxi and other transport services.
The company (organisation) was formed as a separately listed subsidiary in November 1997 under the name of Singapore Bus Service, although it can trace its history back to the formation of Singapore Bus Service in 1973 with the merger of three bus companies. On 1 November 2001, the company's name was changed to SBS Transit Limited to reflect its status as a bus and rail operator. It is a subsidiary of ComfortDelGro.
Singapore Bus Service (SBS) was initially formed in 1973 with the merger of three private bus companies. The government-sanctioned merger was undertaken to improve service standards of the bus transport system.
With the shift towards the creation of multi-modal transport companies, Singapore Bus Service changed its name to ComfortDelGro in November 1997. Bus operations were hived-off to a fully owned subsidiary called Singapore Bus Services Limited, which was separately listed on the Singapore Exchange.
In November 2001, Singapore Bus Services Limited was renamed as SBS Transit Limited when the company formally became a multi-modal transport operator with the impending opening of the Sengkang LRT Line.
SBS Transit's primary business is providing public transport services in Singapore. Its more notable operations are the following.
- Bus operations in Singapore, comprising a fleet more than 3,000 buses, serving almost the entire island.
- Rapid transit operations along the North East Line and the partially opened Downtown Line of the MRT network.
- Light rail operations and manages the 29 stations along the Sengkang and Punggol LRT lines.
SBS Transit operates 75% of the scheduled bus market share in Singapore with more than 300 bus services and a total fleet of more than 3,000 buses. It consists of the largest depots, Ang Mo Kio, Bedok North, Hougang, Loyang and Soon Lee.
The latest additions to the bus fleet are the Volvo B9TL (Wright Eclipse Gemini 2) double decker buses and the Mercedes-Benz Citaro buses. Quoted from a press release by SBS Transit on 9 July 2012 stated that, SBS Transit will add 1,000 more buses which consist of 550 Volvo B9TL (Wright Eclipse Gemini 2) double decker buses and 450 Mercedes-Benz Citaro buses by 2015. Delivery of these buses are ongoing since January 2013. Wheelchair-accessible buses– Mercedes-Benz Citaro buses and Volvo B9TL (Wright Eclipse Gemini 2) double decker buses–have been used for Bus Service Enhancement Programme (BSEP) since 17 September 2012.
On 1 July 2014, SBS Transit announced that they have placed orders worth $311 million for 665 Euro V buses, all of which come with wheelchair-friendly features. The newest addition comprises 250 single deck Mercedes-Benz Citaro buses and 415 double deck Volvo B9TL (Wright Eclipse Gemini 2) buses. Of the new buses, 296 will be funded by the Government under the Bus Service Enhancement Programme (BSEP). All the new buses will be delivered by 2017.
SBS Transit operates many different types of bus routes and bus services, taking up the majority of the pie of Singapore's duopoly bus system in almost all areas of Singapore, with the notable exception of the North and Northwest areas, where bus services are mainly run by its competitor, SMRT Buses.
- Trunk: Routes that ply between towns.
- Short Working Trip (SWT): Routes that operate short haul trips of trunk services which cater to high demand sectors of the entire route.
- Feeder: Services that operate within a neighbourhood.
- TownLink: Routes that consist of combined feeder services to provide links between neighbourhoods within the same town, and with the bus interchange and MRT stations.
- Jurong Industrial Service: Routes that service the Jurong and Tuas industrial areas.
- Express: Routes that stop at several nominated stops and generally run on expressways for faster travel between several towns.
- Fast Forward: Routes providing faster travel between places where there is a high demand by calling at fewer stops of the main service.
- Nite Owl: After-hour services on Fridays, Saturdays and eve of Public Holidays.
- Chinatown Direct: Routes that run from towns to Chinatown via the expressway.
- Parks: Services that run from major parks to the nearest bus interchange.
- Premium: Special gazetted services that charge a flat fare. No standing is allowed on such bus services.
- Cross Border Services: Services that will cross the Causeway into Malaysia.
Mass Rapid Transit (MRT)
The North East Line is the third line in Singapore, and also the world's first fully underground and automated rapid transit line. The line is 20 km long with 16 stations. The operating license was given to SBS Transit in order to foster competition with SMRT Trains and to create multi-modal public transport companies, each specialising in their own district. The tender spans from 2003 to 2033.
As the name implies, the North East Line connects central Singapore to the north-eastern part of the island. Transfers to the North South Line are provided at Dhoby Ghaut, East West Line at Outram Park and Circle Line at Serangoon, Dhoby Ghaut and HarbourFront. The rolling stock used are Alstom Metropolis C751A and the future Alstom Metropolis C751C.
The Downtown Line will connect residents staying in the north-western and central-eastern to the new downtown. Transfers to this line from the North East Line will be available at Chinatown and Little India, the North South Line at Newton and Bukit Panjang (Bukit Panjang LRT Line), the East West Line at Bugis, Tampines and Expo, the Circle Line at MacPherson, Bayfront, Promenade and Botanic Gardens. The rolling stock used is Bombardier MOVIA C951.
|Class||Image||Type||Maximum Speed (km/h)||Trains||Cars||Line(s) served||Built on||Debut on|
|C751A||electric multiple unit||100||80||25||150||North East Line||2000 – 2003||20 June 2003|
|C951||electric multiple unit||90||80||88||264||Downtown Line||2012 – 2016||22 December 2013|
|C751C||electric multiple unit||N/A||N/A||18||108||North East Line||2012 – 2015||N/A|
2012 train service breakdown
A major breakdown occurred on 15 March 2012 affected 90,000 commuters due to a power supply problem in the tunnel at Outram Park station. This caused train services to be disrupted, between 06:30 to 16:35, on NEL between Harbourfront and Dhoby Ghaut stations. Subsequently, the Land Transport Authority (LTA) intends to impose financial penalties amounting to S$400,000 (approximately US$315,000) on SBS Transit for the disruption.
Light Rail Transit (LRT)
In addition to the North East Line and Downtown Line, SBS Transit also operates two LRT lines. The Sengkang LRT Line and Punggol LRT Line provides a feeder connection in the estate to the two NEL Stations. Both lines have a total of 29 stations, including Sengkang and Punggol stations.
Key operating statistics (2004 till 2013)
Monthly ridership for bus and rail
- Rail ridership includes North East Line (NEL), Sengkang LRT and Punggol LRT rides.
- The Sengkang LRT and NEL commenced revenue service on 18 January 2003 and 20 June 2003 respectively. The Punggol LRT began service on 29 January 2005.
- Monthly rail ridership exceeded 10 million for the first time in December 2007.
- TVMobile — an outdoor digital television previously installed in SBS Transit buses. (discontinued on 1 January 2010)
- "SBS Transit Annual Report 2013". SBS Transit. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
- "Downtown Line". Land Transport Authority. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
- "SBS Transit to Add 1,000 More Buses at a Cost of $433m — Close to 90% of Fleet Will Be New By 2015". SBS Transit. 9 July 2012. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "Improvements to more than 50 bus services, better connectivity with five new bus services by end 2012". PublicTransport@SG. 13 September 2012.
- SBS Transit places order for a further 415 Volvo double-deck buses Volvo Buses 7 July 2014
- "SBS Transit orders 415 more Geminis" Buses issue 714 September 2014 page 19
- "SBS Transit To Add 665 More Buses-Almost Entire Fleet Will Be Wheelchair-Accessible By 2017". SBS Transit. 1 July 2014.
- "Land Transport Masterplan: Downtown Line Stage 1 to open on Dec 22". The Straits Times. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
- "NEL train service between Dhoby Ghaut and HarbourFront stations disrupted". Channel NewsAsia. 15 March 2012.
- "SBS Transit fined S$400,000 for March train disruption". Channel NewsAsia. 4 September 2012.
- "SBS Transit Ridership".
- Ilsa Sharp, (2005), SNP:Editions, The Journey — Singapore's Land Transport Story. ISBN 981-248-101-X