SBS Transit

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
SBS Transit Limited
Type Public company
Traded as SGX: S61
Industry Public Transport
Founded 1973 (as Singapore Bus Service)
2001 (as SBS Transit)
Headquarters Singapore
Key people Lim Jit Poh (Chairman)
Kua Hong Pak (Deputy chairman)
Gan Juay Kiat (CEO)
Products Bus and Rail Services in Singapore
Revenue Increase S$847.3 million SGD (2013)[1]
Operating income Decrease S$15.5 million SGD (2013)[1]
Net income Decrease S$11.1 million SGD (2013)[1]
Employees 8569 (2013)[1]
Parent ComfortDelGro
Website SBS Transit

SBS Transit Limited (simplified Chinese: 新捷运; traditional Chinese: 新捷運; pinyin: Xīnjiéyùn) (SGX: S61) is a public transport operator in Singapore. Its major competitor in Singapore's duopoly transport system is SMRT Corporation, which also operates bus, rail, taxi and other transport services.

The company (organisation) was formed as a separately listed subsidiary in November 1997 under the name of Singapore Bus Service, although it can trace its history back to the formation of Singapore Bus Service in 1973 with the merger of three bus companies. On 1 November 2001, the company's name was changed to SBS Transit Limited to reflect its status as a bus and rail operator. It is a subsidiary of ComfortDelGro.

History[edit]

Main article: Singapore Bus Service

Singapore Bus Service (SBS) was initially formed in 1973 with the merger of three private bus companies. The government-sanctioned merger was undertaken to improve service standards of the bus transport system.

With the shift towards the creation of multi-modal transport companies, Singapore Bus Service changed its name to ComfortDelGro in November 1997. Bus operations were hived-off to a fully owned subsidiary called Singapore Bus Services Limited, which was separately listed on the Singapore Exchange.

In November 2001, Singapore Bus Services Limited was renamed as SBS Transit Limited when the company formally became a multi-modal transport operator with the impending opening of the Sengkang LRT Line.

In 2003, SBS Transit started operating the North East Line of the Mass Rapid Transit network in addition to its existing bus operations.

On 29 August 2011, SBS Transit was given the operation license for the Downtown Line, which started on 22 December 2013.[2]

Operations[edit]

SBS Transit's primary business is providing public transport services in Singapore. Its more notable operations are the following.

Buses[edit]

Bus fleet[edit]

Mercedes-Benz Citaro O530 at Hougang in 2013
Volvo B9TL with Wright Eclipse Gemini 2 body in 2014

SBS Transit operates 75% of the scheduled bus market share in Singapore with more than 300 bus services and a total fleet of more than 3,000 buses. It consists of the largest depots, Ang Mo Kio, Bedok North, Hougang, Loyang and Soon Lee.

The latest additions to the bus fleet are the Volvo B9TL (Wright Eclipse Gemini 2) double decker buses and the Mercedes-Benz Citaro buses. Quoted from a press release by SBS Transit on 9 July 2012 stated that, SBS Transit will add 1,000 more buses which consist of 550 Volvo B9TL (Wright Eclipse Gemini 2) double decker buses and 450 Mercedes-Benz Citaro buses by 2015. Delivery of these buses are ongoing since January 2013.[3] Wheelchair-accessible buses– Mercedes-Benz Citaro buses and Volvo B9TL (Wright Eclipse Gemini 2) double decker buses–have been used for Bus Service Enhancement Programme (BSEP) since 17 September 2012.[4]

On 1 July 2014, SBS Transit announced that they have placed orders worth $311 million for 665 Euro V buses, all of which come with wheelchair-friendly features. The newest addition comprises 250 single deck Mercedes-Benz Citaro buses and 415 double deck Volvo B9TL (Wright Eclipse Gemini 2) buses.[5][6] Of the new buses, 296 will be funded by the Government under the Bus Service Enhancement Programme (BSEP). All the new buses will be delivered by 2017. The latest services to be added into the network as part of BSEP were services 41 and 140, which made their debut on 14 December 2014.[7]

Bus routes[edit]

SBS Transit operates many different types of bus routes and bus services, taking up the majority of the pie of Singapore's duopoly bus system in almost all areas of Singapore, with the notable exception of the North and Northwest areas, where bus services are mainly run by its competitor, SMRT Buses.

Mass Rapid Transit (MRT)[edit]

SBS Transit is the operator of the North East Line (NEL) since 2003 and Downtown Line from 22 December 2013.[8]

The North East Line is the third line in Singapore, and also the world's first fully underground and automated rapid transit line. The line is 20 km long with 16 stations. The operating license was given to SBS Transit in order to foster competition with SMRT Trains and to create multi-modal public transport companies, each specialising in their own district. The tender spans from 2003 to 2033.

As the name implies, the North East Line connects central Singapore to the north-eastern part of the island. Transfers to the North South Line are provided at Dhoby Ghaut, East West Line at Outram Park and Circle Line at Serangoon, Dhoby Ghaut and HarbourFront. The rolling stock used are Alstom Metropolis C751A and the future Alstom Metropolis C751C.

The Downtown Line (DTL) is the fifth line in Singapore. With 34 stations, the 42 km-long line will be the world's longest fully underground and automated rapid transit line when completed in 2017.

The Downtown Line will connect residents staying in the north-western and central-eastern to the new downtown. Transfers to this line from the North East Line will be available at Chinatown and Little India, the North South Line at Newton and Bukit Panjang (Bukit Panjang LRT Line), the East West Line at Bugis, Tampines and Expo, the Circle Line at MacPherson, Bayfront, Promenade and Botanic Gardens. The rolling stock used is Bombardier MOVIA C951.

Fleet details[edit]

Class Image Type Maximum Speed (km/h) Trains Cars Line(s) served Built on Debut on
Design Service
C751A Accessibility-directory.svg C751A front.jpg electric multiple unit 100 80 25 150 North East Line 2000 – 2003 20 June 2003
C951 Accessibility-directory.svg electric multiple unit 90 80 88 264 Downtown Line 2012 – 2016 22 December 2013
C751C Accessibility-directory.svg electric multiple unit N/A N/A 18 108 North East Line 2012 – 2015 N/A

2012 train service breakdown[edit]

A major breakdown occurred on 15 March 2012 affected 90,000 commuters due to a power supply problem in the tunnel at Outram Park station.[9] This caused train services to be disrupted, between 06:30 to 16:35, on NEL between Harbourfront and Dhoby Ghaut stations. Subsequently, the Land Transport Authority (LTA) intends to impose financial penalties amounting to S$400,000 (approximately US$315,000) on SBS Transit for the disruption.[10]

Light Rail Transit (LRT)[edit]

In addition to the North East Line and Downtown Line, SBS Transit also operates two LRT lines. The Sengkang LRT Line and Punggol LRT Line provides a feeder connection in the estate to the two NEL Stations. Both lines have a total of 29 stations, including Sengkang and Punggol stations.

Key operating statistics (2004 till 2013)[edit]

Monthly ridership for bus and rail[11]

Month 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Bus Rail Bus Rail Bus Rail Bus Rail Bus Rail Bus Rail Bus Rail Bus Rail Bus Rail Bus Rail
January 64,324,473 6,004,948 64,885,728 6,834,446 62,247,969 7,683,908 67,380,546 8,857,847 73,235,547 10,482,340 69,833,080 11,376,659 72,199,589 12,378,114 2,499,764 479,488 2,502,579 513,232 2,709,052 549,444
February 62,548,766 5,295,081 56,837,060 6,057,296 59,854,200 6,822,060 59,429,412 8,255,520 65,270,126 9,638,353 65,783,396 10,073,000 63,068,208 11,265,212 2,407,956 462,422 2,656,166 516,881 2,579,297 544,014
March 66,351,036 5,746,222 64,890,223 6,732,828 65,965,396 7,590,381 68,315,754 9,157,896 69,948,803 10,286,389 69,451,005 11,084,732 72,137,465 12,729,158 2,525,379 473,044 2,599,039 512,857 2,635,404 547,512
April 63,487,500 5,435,070 62,479,980 6,426,390 62,070,030 7,224,930 64,984,800 8,541,180 70,427,160 10,036,560 68,923,860 10,608,300 71,284,980 12,285,630 2,529,607 473,819 2,588,379 507,860 2,734,052 549,639
May 64,064,538 5,826,574 62,302,994 6,740,609 65,193,992 7,645,809 68,075,039 9,165,708 71,036,035 10,496,414 70,184,899 10,986,555 72,763,758 12,731,359 2,488,470 471,687 2,606,904 515,012 2,694,679 547,732
June 58,792,110 5,786,490 59,278,140 6,729,450 60,320,040 7,486,080 63,261,870 9,135,180 66,607,710 10,403,520 64,626,930 11,301,060 67,716,960 12,407,070 2,427,359 482,303 2,505,754 519,545 2,506,333 543,730
July 66,508,609 6,105,977 64,967,196 7,107,649 66,616,613 7,900,846 69,919,973 9,518,922 74,758,329 11,221,008 72,516,285 11,511,819 76,803,244 13,935,151 2,609,269 502,146 2,670,787 531,032 2,795,741 572,146
August 65,082,175 6,010,931 65,473,116 7,075,905 67,592,493 7,991,924 70,018,739 9,570,413 73,311,156 11,135,107 71,006,802 11,615,111 2,407,351 443,125 2,555,034 489,654 2,643,235 527,838 2,739,573 575,359
September 62,920,620 5,908,380 62,254,350 6,956,040 63,886,170 7,847,130 66,016,800 9,226,680 70,400,310 10,886,250 68,542,950 11,364,840 2,425,155 450,687 2,577,544 497,396 2,607,288 530,928 2,693,354 570,903
October 63,445,158 6,039,513 63,613,023 7,232,610 64,805,469 8,775,790 69,212,119 9,854,032 71,997,252 11,430,258 71,927,657 11,936,550 2,435,090 448,431 2,520,090 501,584 2,610,997 532,144 2,725,582 573,595
November 58,936,800 6,008,850 59,570,430 7,016,160 63,188,790 8,779,170 64,996,140 9,630,330 67,726,470 10,830,150 67,368,480 11,356,920 2,355,519 455,099 2,474,271 495,914 2,551,998 534,455 2,660,331 568,782
December 60,215,888 6,575,844 60,499,569 7,653,001 61,434,405 9,420,497 64,456,068 10,454,285 66,448,221 11,614,181 67,325,707 12,384,903 2,305,976 479,318 2,397,624 514,836 2,410,283 538,196 2,522,263 633,175
Year Total 756,677,673 70,743,880 747,051,809 82,562,384 763,175,567 95,168,525 796,067,260 111,367,993 841,167,119 128,486,341 827,967,548 135,600,449 861,345,334 157,000,000 913,200,000 177,800,000 944,000,000 191,500,000 973,500,000 204,800,000

Notes

  • Rail ridership includes North East Line (NEL), Sengkang LRT and Punggol LRT rides.
  • The Sengkang LRT and NEL commenced revenue service on 18 January 2003 and 20 June 2003 respectively. The Punggol LRT began service on 29 January 2005.
  • Monthly rail ridership exceeded 10 million for the first time in December 2007.

See also[edit]

  • TVMobile — an outdoor digital television previously installed in SBS Transit buses. (discontinued on 1 January 2010)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "SBS Transit Annual Report 2013". SBS Transit. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Downtown Line". Land Transport Authority. Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "SBS Transit to Add 1,000 More Buses at a Cost of $433m — Close to 90% of Fleet Will Be New By 2015". SBS Transit. 9 July 2012. Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  4. ^ "Improvements to more than 50 bus services, better connectivity with five new bus services by end 2012". PublicTransport@SG. 13 September 2012. 
  5. ^ SBS Transit places order for a further 415 Volvo double-deck buses Volvo Buses 7 July 2014
  6. ^ "SBS Transit orders 415 more Geminis" Buses issue 714 September 2014 page 19
  7. ^ "SBS Transit To Add 665 More Buses-Almost Entire Fleet Will Be Wheelchair-Accessible By 2017". SBS Transit. 1 July 2014. 
  8. ^ "Land Transport Masterplan: Downtown Line Stage 1 to open on Dec 22". The Straits Times. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "NEL train service between Dhoby Ghaut and HarbourFront stations disrupted". Channel NewsAsia. 15 March 2012. 
  10. ^ "SBS Transit fined S$400,000 for March train disruption". Channel NewsAsia. 4 September 2012. 
  11. ^ "SBS Transit Ridership". 
  • Ilsa Sharp, (2005), SNP:Editions, The Journey — Singapore's Land Transport Story. ISBN 981-248-101-X

External links[edit]