SCSI CDB

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

In SCSI standards for transferring data between computers and peripheral devices, often computer storage, commands are sent in a Command Descriptor Block (CDB).

Each CDB can be a total of 6, 10, 12, or 16 bytes, but later versions of the SCSI standard also allow for variable-length CDBs. The CDB consists of a one byte operation code followed by some command-specific parameters. The parameters need not be a full byte long, and the parameter length varies from one command to another. The available commands, with links to articles describing the detailed structure of many of them, are listed in the article section List of SCSI commands.

Typical CDB structures, for the 6- and 16-byte SCSI Request Sense Command, opcode 3, are:

6-byte CDB:

bit→
↓byte
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
0 Operation code = 03h
1 LUN Reserved
2 Reserved
3 Reserved
4 Allocation length
5 Control

16-byte CDB:

bit→
↓byte
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
0 Operation code = 03h
1 LUN Service Action
2 Logical Block (MSB)
3
4
5 Logical Block (LSB)
6 Addition CBP information
7 Addition CBP information
8 Addition CBP information
9 Addition CBP information
10 Allocation length (MSB)
11
12
13 Allocation length (LSB)
14 Misc. CDB data
15 Control

An example with different allocation of bits to parameters is the 6-byte SCSI Mode Sense Command:[1]

bit→
↓byte
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
0 Operation code = 1Ah
1 LUN Reserved DBD Reserved
2 PC Page code
3 Reserved
4 Allocation length
5 Control

The generic form of the 12-byte CDB is:

bit→
↓byte
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
0 Operation code
1 miscellaneous CDB information SERVICE ACTION (if required)
2 Logical Block (MSB)
3
4
5
6 TRANSFER LENGTH (if required)
7 PARAMETER LIST LENGTH (if required)
8 ALLOCATION LENGTH (if required)
9
10 miscellaneous CDB information
11 CONTROL

See SPC-4 (http://www.t10.org/cgi-bin/ac.pl?t=f&f=spc4r34.pdf, free registration required) for more information.

Notes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]