SC Heerenveen

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Heerenveen
Heerenveen.png
Full name Sportclub Heerenveen
Nickname(s) De Superfriezen (The Super Frisians)
Fean
Founded 20 July 1920; 94 years ago (1920-07-20)
Ground Abe Lenstra Stadion
Ground Capacity 26,800
Chairman Gaston Sporre
Manager Dwight Lodeweges
League Eredivisie
2013–14 Eredivisie, 5th
Website Club home page
Current season

Sportclub Heerenveen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈspɔrtklʏp ˌɦeːrə(n)ˈveːn]; Frisian: Sportklub It Hearrenfean) is a Dutch football club currently playing in the Eredivisie, the top level of football in the Netherlands.

History[edit]

Sportclub Heerenveen was founded on 20 July 1920 in the town of Heerenveen, Friesland as Athleta.[1] They changed name twice, first to Spartaan, and then to v.v. Heerenveen in 1922.[1] Whilst the Netherlands was occupied by Germany Heerenveen won three successive North of the Netherlands championships, and following the end of the Second World War they went on to win the same title six times in a row; the club's dominance partly ascribed to the presence of Abe Lenstra.[1] During this period Lenstra led Heerenveen to a famous victory over AFC Ajax in one of the most noted games in Dutch domestic football history.[2] Trailing 1–5 with 25 minutes remaining, the Frisian team inexplicably fought back for a 6–5 victory.[2]

During the 1950s, Heerenveen regional dominance faded and after Dutch football turned professional Lenstra left to join Sportclub Enschede, before the club he departed was relegated to the Tweede Divisie.[1] By the end of the decade, Heerenveen were in the Eerste Divisie, but they found themselves relegated again.[1] In 1969–1970, the Frisian club won the Tweede Divisie to return to the Eerste Divisie and for two seasons in the 1970s, the club was close to achieving promotion to the Eredivisie.[1] By 1974 the club were in financial trouble and to ensure survival was split into amateur and professional sections, the professional part being renamed sc Heerenveen.[1]

In the 1980s, Heerenveen twice made the promotion playoffs, but were unsuccessful both times.[1] They finally reached the Eredivisie in 1990, becoming the first Frisian club to reach the top level, at the expense of near-neighbours Cambuur Leeuwarden.[2] The achievement was overseen by Frisian coach Foppe de Haan. Heerenveen's first season in the Netherlands' top division was not at all successful and they were relegated, before returning in 1993, though they reached the final of the KNVB Cup whilst still an Eerste Divisie club.[2] Having established themselves as a top-flight club Heerenveen moved to a new stadium, named after their most celebrated player, the Abe Lenstra Stadion and reached the final of the KNVB Cup for a second time.[2] The 1998 semi-final in the cup competition was lost to Ajax. Due to the fact Ajax and the other finalist (PSV) both qualified for the cupfinal a decision match was needed to fill in the vacant spot to the next UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. Heerenveen had to play against the other losing semifinalist, Twente. Heerenveen won that match in which Ruud van Nistelrooy scored his last goal for Heerenveen. The match ended 3–1.

Heerenveen became regular competitors in the UEFA Cup, and in 1999–2000 finished second in the Eredivise, their highest ever finish, and qualified for the 2000–01 UEFA Champions League.[1]

The club was led from 1983 until September 2006 by president Riemer van der Velde, the longest tenure of any president with a professional club in the Netherlands.[citation needed] As the results of recent transfers that include Klaas-Jan Huntelaar, Afonso Alves, Michael Bradley, Miralem Sulejmani, Petter Hansson and Danijel Pranjic (and earlier players like Jon Dahl Tomasson, Marcus Allbäck, Erik Edman, Ruud van Nistelrooy, Igor Korneev and Daniel Jensen), Heerenveen is one of the most financially secure Eredivisie clubs. A 2010 report by the Dutch football association showed that Heerenveen is the only Eredivisie club that has a financially secure budget.[3] Under the tenure of Trond Sollied, Heerenveen won their first KNVB Cup in the club's history, their first ever major prize. Trond Sollied was sacked on 31 August 2009 due to a weak opening of the season and a conflict with the board.

On 17 May 2009, they defeated Twente 5–4 in a penalty shoot-out to win the Dutch Cup for the first time after a 2–2 draw in the final, with Gerald Sibon scoring the winning penalty.[4] On 13 February 2012 it was announced that Marco van Basten will replace Ron Jans, who had then lead SC Heerenveen for 2 years, as team manager for the 2012/2013 season.

Stadium[edit]

Home of Heerenveen, Abe Lenstra Stadion

The team plays their home games at the Abe Lenstra Stadion which opened in 1994 and holds 26,800 Heerenveen supporters. In 2011 SC Heerenveen will start to expand the stadium to 32,000 seats.

Colours, crest, and anthem[edit]

The crest on the club emblem is the symbol of the flag of Friesland. The flag of Friesland is based on the arms of the 15th century. The stripes and waterlily leaves represent the districts of Friesland. A unique tradition in the Dutch Eredivisie is that the Frisian national anthem is played and sung before every domestic match. UEFA does not allow this tradition in European matches. Nevertheless the anthem is sung by the supporters anyway.

Rivalry[edit]

The rivals of sc Heerenveen are SC Cambuur from Leeuwarden and FC Groningen from the city of Groningen. The distance between Heerenveen and Leeuwarden is only 30 kilometres; this is the first reason for the rivalry. Like everywhere, when two teams are geographically close to each other, each wants to do better than the other. The second reason for the rivalry is that most people who support sc Heerenveen are Frisians and live throughout all of Friesland. But almost all fans of Cambuur live in, or very close to the city of Leeuwarden. A large number of these people don't see themselves as Frisians, but as "Leeuwarders". They also speak a different dialect, Stadsfries or Cityfrisian. On the stands of Cambuur some fans will sing anti-Frisian songs, describing the Frisians as farmers. This is because Leeuwarden is the biggest city in Friesland and its Capital city. The other cities in Friesland are relatively small. Strictly spoken Heerenveen is not a city. The province of Friesland has eleven cities and Heerenveen is not among them. Heerenveen was never given city rights. SC Heerenveen and SC Cambuur played both three seasons together on the highest level in the Netherlands. The first season was 1993/1994, the following two in 1998/1999 and 1999/2000. In the 1999/2000 season Cambuur relegated from the Eredivisie. Sc Heerenveen finished that season as runners up. Starting the 2013/14 season Sc Cambuur will return to the Eredivisie. So the teams meet each other in competition again after 12 seasons. With Sc Cambuur having returned to the top flight the derby has been revived.

FC Groningen is another rival of sc Heerenveen. The distance between Heerenveen and Groningen is 60 kilometres, connected through the A7 motorway. Just like Leeuwarden this is a small distance. Sc Heerenveen and FC Groningen are the two clubs of the Northern part of the Netherlands; therefore a match between the teams is called "The derby of the North". The winner of the match will crown itself as "Kampioen van het Noorden" (Champions of the North) until the next meeting between the two clubs. With Cambuur playing at the same tier as them that title disappeared. Often some days before the match, the fans of sc Heerenveen and FC Groningen compete with each other as well—not with violence but with stunts. Fans of Heerenveen once stole the kick-off spot from the FC Groningen stadium, and raised the Frisian flag at the Martinitoren, the highest tower in Groningen. The front yard of a Groningen-chairman once got filled with rubble from a construction site. This was because the construction of the recent stadium of FC Groningen Euroborg had to be halted because of a major mistake in the design. FC Groningen fans countered with painting a statue of sc Heerenveen hero Abe Lenstra in green and white, the colours of FC Groningen. They also painted a viaduct near Heerenveen green and white.[5] [6]

Honours[edit]

Domestic results[edit]

Below is a table with sc Heerenveen's domestic results since the introduction of the Eredivisie in 1956.

In Europe[edit]

SC Heerenveen played 16 seasons in one of the European clubfootball competitions.

score marked with * = first played match
Season Competition Round Opposition Home Away
1995 UEFA Intertoto Cup Group 4 Denmark Næstved BK 2-1
Wales Ton Pentre F.C. 7-0
Hungary Békéscsaba Előre 4-0
Portugal U.D. Leiria 0-1
Round of 16 Romania Farul Constanţa 4-0
Quarterfinals France FC Girondins de Bordeaux 0-2
1996 UEFA Intertoto Cup Group 5 Republic of Ireland Sligo Rovers F.C. 0-0
Norway Lillestrøm SK 0-1
France FC Nantes 1-3
Lithuania FBK Kaunas 3-1
1997 UEFA Intertoto Cup Group 1 Belarus FC Dinamo-93 Minsk 0-1
Poland Polonia Warsaw 0-0
Germany MSV Duisburg 0-2
Denmark Aalborg BK 8-2
1998-99 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup First round Poland Amica Wronki 3-1 * 1-0
Second round Croatia NK Varaždin 2-1 * 2-4 (aet)
1999 UEFA Intertoto Cup Third round Sweden Hammarby IF 2-0 * 2-0
Semi-finals England West Ham United F.C. 0-1 0-1 *
2000-01 UEFA Champions League Group C Spain Valencia CF 0-1 1-1
France Olympique Lyonnais 0-2 1-3
Greece Olympiacos F.C. 1-0 0-2
2001 UEFA Intertoto Cup Second round Latvia FK Liepājas Metalurgs 6-1 2-3 *
Third round Switzerland FC Basel 2-3 1-2 *
2002-03 UEFA Cup First round Romania FC Naţional Bucureşti 2-0 0-3 *
2003 UEFA Intertoto Cup Third round Belgium Lierse S.K. 4-1 * 1-0
Semi-finals Slovenia FC Koper 2-0 * 0-1
Finals Spain Villarreal CF 1-2 * 0-0
2004-05 UEFA Cup First round Israel Maccabi Petah Tikva FC 5-0 n.p. [1] *
Group G Portugal S.L. Benfica 2-4
Germany VfB Stuttgart 1-0
Croatia Dinamo Zagreb 2-2
Belgium K.S.K. Beveren 1-0
Third round England Newcastle United F.C. 1-2 * 1-2
2005-06 UEFA Cup First round Czech Republic FC Baník Ostrava 5-0 0-2 *
Group F Romania FC Dinamo Bucureşti 0-0
Russia CSKA Moscow 0-0
France Olympique de Marseille 0-1
Bulgaria Levski Sofia 2-1
Third round Romania Steaua Bucureşti 1-3 * 1-0
2006-07 UEFA Cup First round Portugal Vitória Setúbal 0-0 3-0 [2] *
Group D Spain CA Osasuna 0-0
Denmark Odense BK 0-2
Italy Parma F.C. 1-2
France RC Lens 1-0
2007-08 UEFA Cup First round Sweden Helsingborgs IF 5-3 * 1-5
2008-09 UEFA Cup First round Portugal Vitória Setúbal 5-2 1-1 [3] *
Group E Italy A.C. Milan 1-3
Germany VfL Wolfsburg 1-5
Portugal Sporting Braga 1-2
England Portsmouth F.C. 0-3
2009-10 UEFA Europa League Play-off round Greece PAOK Thessaloniki 1-1 (a) * 0-0
Group D Portugal Sporting CP 2-3 1-1
Germany Hertha BSC 2-3 1-0
Latvia FK Ventspils 5-0 0-0
2012-13 UEFA Europa League Third Q-round Romania FC Rapid București 4-0 * 0-1
Play-off round Norway Molde FK 1-2 0-2 *
^1 Due to safety concerns in Israel, the first leg was cancelled by UEFA.
^2 Played in Estádio José Alvalade, Lissabon.

Current squad[edit]

As of 1 July 2014

For recent transfers, see List of Dutch football transfers summer 2014

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Sweden GK Kristoffer Nordfeldt
2 Hungary DF Kenny Otigba
5 Netherlands DF Pele van Anholt
6 Belgium DF Stefano Marzo
8 Norway MF Morten Thorsby
9 Denmark FW Thomas Dalgaard
11 Sweden FW Sam Larsson
12 Netherlands DF Doke Schmidt
14 Netherlands DF Joost van Aken
15 Netherlands MF Marten de Roon (captain)
16 Netherlands MF Daley Sinkgraven
17 Netherlands FW Luciano Slagveer
18 Netherlands DF Jens Jurn Streutker
19 Germany FW Mark Uth
No. Position Player
20 Finland DF Jukka Raitala
21 Netherlands MF Joey van den Berg
22 Netherlands DF Stephen Warmolts
23 Netherlands DF Jordy Buijs
24 Hungary MF Szabolcs Varga
25 Netherlands DF Willem Huizing
26 Netherlands MF Janio Bikel
27 Netherlands MF Michael Chacon
28 Netherlands FW Pascal Huser
30 Netherlands GK Robin Kist
31 Sweden GK Viktor Noring
32 Netherlands DF Joris Voest
33 Netherlands GK Maarten de Fockert
40 Netherlands FW Pelle van Amersfoort

Notable former players[edit]

Had senior international cap(s) for their respective countries. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries while playing for SC Heerenveen

For a list of all former and current SC Heerenveen players with a Wikipedia article, see Category:SC Heerenveen players.

Managers[edit]

Women's team[edit]

Main article: SC Heerenveen (women)

In 2007 SC Heerenveen created a women's football team, which competed first in the Vrouwen Eredivisie and since 2012 in the BeNe League. While it has ranked mostly in the table's bottom positions in 2011 it reached the national cup's final, lost against AZ Alkmaar.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "The history of Heerenveen". www.sc-heerenveen.nl. Retrieved 2008-12-01. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "sc Heerenveen: EVERY DUTCHMAN'S SECOND FAVORITE TEAM". www.ajax-usa.com. Retrieved 2008-12-01. 
  3. ^ "Financiële problemen voor profclubs". RTL Nieuws. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-02. 
  4. ^ "Heerenveen prevail in Dutch final shoot-out". Uefa.com. 17 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  5. ^ flag in Groningen
  6. ^ The painted statue
  7. ^ van Cuilenborg, C. (Ed.) (2007). Voetbal international, seizoengids 2007–2008. (p. 92). Amsterdam: WP Sport Media BV.

External links[edit]