DataMelt

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DataMelt
Example DataMelt histogram and function
Developer(s) Primary developer Dr. S.Chekanov
Stable release 1.1 / 2015-05-10
Written in Java, Jython
Operating system Cross-platform
Type Data analysis
License Mixed: The core engine is GPL. Also available under LGPL
Website jwork.org/dmelt/

DataMelt, a computation and visualization environment, is an interactive framework for scientific computation, data analysis and data visualization designed for scientists, engineers and students. DataMelt is multiplatform since it is written in Java, thus it runs on any operating system where the Java virtual machine can be installed.

The program is designed for interactive scientific plots in 2D and 3D and contains numerical scientific libraries implemented in Java for mathematical functions, random numbers, statistical analysis, curve fitting and other data mining algorithms. DataMelt uses high-level programming languages, such as Jython (Python implemented in Java), Groovy, JRuby, but Java coding can also be used to call DataMelt numerical and graphical libraries.

DataMelt is an attempt to create a data-analysis environment using open-source packages with a coherent user interface and tools competitive to commercial programs. The idea behind the project is to incorporate open-source mathematical and numerical software packages with GUI-type of user interfaces into a coherent program in which the main user interface is based on short-named Java/Python classes. This was required to build an analysis environment using Java scripting concept. A typical example will be shown below.

DataMelt runs on any platforms (Windows, Mac, Linux, etc.) where Java can be installed. Scripts and Java code (in case of the Java programming) can be run either in a GUI editor of DataMelt or as batch programs. The graphical libraries of DataMelt can be used to create applets. All charts (or "Canvases") used for data representation can be embedded into Web browsers.

DataMelt can be used everywhere where an analysis of large numerical data volumes, data mining, statistical data analysis and mathematics are essential. The program can be used in natural sciences, engineering, modeling and analysis of financial markets. While the program falls into the category of open source software, it is not completely free for commercial usage (see below).

Overview[edit]

DataMelt has several features useful for data analysis:

  • uses Jython, BeanShell, Groovy, JRuby scripting, or the standard Java. The GNU Octave mode is also available for symbolic calculations;
  • can be integrated with the Web in forms of applets or Java Web-start applications, thus it is suited for distributed analysis environment via the Internet;
  • DataMelt is designed from the ground up to support programming with multiple threads;
  • has a full-featured IDE with syntax highlighting, syntax checker, code completion and analyser. It includes a version of IDE for small-screen devices;
  • includes a help system with a code completion based on the Java reflection technology;
  • uses a platform-neutral I/O based on Google's Protocol Buffers. Data can be written in C++ and analyzed using Java/Jython.
  • databases (object databases and SQL-based databases)
  • has a browser for serialized objects and objects created using Google Protocol Buffers;
  • includes packages for statistical calculations;
  • error (uncertainty) propagation using a linear expansion or a Monte Carlo approach for arbitrary function
  • symbolic calculations similar to those found in the GNU Octave project or MATLAB, but rewritten in Java (jMathLab project).

Data-analysis features[edit]

The package supports several mathematical, data-analysis and data mining features:

Symbolic and numeric calculations[edit]

Symbolic calculations use GNU Octave scripting language. The following methods are available:

Input and output[edit]

DataMelt includes the native Java and Python methods for file input and outputs. In addition, it allows to write data in the following formats:

  • The HFile format based on Java serialization. Optionally, compression and XML serialization are supported. Data can be written sequentially or using the key-value maps.
  • The PFile format based on the Protocol Buffers engine for multiplatform input output
  • The HBook format, which is a simplified XML format to write large data structures without XML tags
  • Arbitrary data structure can be written into object databases with file system as back-end. This allows writing large data collections to files which normally do not fit into the computer memory.
  • Several SQL database engines are included as external packages
  • AIDA (computing) file format (read only)
  • ROOT file format (read only)

Data stored in external files can be viewed using browsers for convenient visualization.

History[edit]

DataMelt has its roots in particle physics where data mining is a primary task. It was created as jHepWork project in 2005 and it was initially written for data analysis for particle physics[1] using the Java software concept for International Linear Collider project developed at SLAC. Later versions of jHepWork were modified for general public use (for scientists, engineers, students for educational purpose) since the International Linear Collider project has stalled. In 2013, jHepWork was renamed to DataMelt and become a general-purpose community-supported project. The main source of reference is the book "Scientific Data analysis using Jython Scripting and Java"[2] which discusses in depth data analysis methods using Java and Jython scripting. More recently, DataMelt was discussed in German Java SPEKTRUM journal.[3]

The string "HEP" in the project name "jHepWork" abbreviates "High-Energy Physics". But due to a wide popularity outside this area of physics, it was renamed to SCaViS (Scientific Computation and Visualization Environment). This project existed for 3 years before it was renamed to DataMelt (or, in short, DMelt).

DataMelt is hosted by jWork.ORG portal [4]

Supported platforms[edit]

DataMelt runs on Windows, Linux, Mac and the Android platforms. The package for the Android is called AWork.

License terms[edit]

The core source code of the numerical and graphical libraries is licensed by the GNU General Public License. The interactive development environment (IDE) used by DataMelt has some restrictions for commercial usage since language files, documentation files, examples, installer, code-assist databases, interactive help are licensed by the creative-common license. Full members of the DataMelt project have several benefits, such as: the license for a commercial usage, access to the source repository, an extended help system, a user script repository and an access to the complete documentation.

Examples[edit]

Jython scripts[edit]

Here is an example of how to show 2D bar graphs by reading a CVS file downloaded from the World Bank web site.

from jhplot.io.csv import *
from java.io import *
from jhplot import *
 
dict={}
reader =CSVReader(FileReader("ny.gdp.pcap.cd_Indicator_en_csv_v2.csv"));
while True:
      nextLine = reader.readNext()
      if nextLine== None: break
      xlen=len(nextLine)
      if  xlen<50: continue
      dict[nextLine[0]]=nextLine[xlen-2] # key: country, vaue=DGP
c1 = HChart("2013",800,400)
#c1.setGTitle("2013 Gross domestic product  per capita")
c1.visible()
c1.setChartBar()
c1.setNameY("current US $")
c1.setNameX("")
c1.setName("2013 Gross domestic product  per capita")
name1="Data Source: World Development Indicators"
name="Russia"; c1.valueBar(float(dict[name]) ,name,name1)
name="Poland"; c1.valueBar(float(dict[name]) ,name,name1)
name="Romania"; c1.valueBar(float(dict[name]) ,name,name1)
name="Bulgaria"; c1.valueBar(float(dict[name]) ,name,name1)
name="Belarus"; c1.valueBar(float(dict[name]) ,name,name1)
name="Ukraine"; c1.valueBar(float(dict[name]) ,name,name1)
c1.update()

The execution of this script plots a bar chart in a separate window. The image can be saved in a number of formats.

Here is another simple example which illustrates how to fill a 2D histogram and display it on a canvas. The script also creates a figure in the PDF format. This script illustrates how to glue and mix the native JAVA classes (from the package java.util) and DataMelt classes (the package jhplot) inside a script written using the Python syntax.

from java.util import Random
from jhplot  import *
 
c1 = HPlot3D("Canvas") # create an interactive canvas
c1.setGTitle("Global title")
c1.setNameX("X")
c1.setNameY("Y")
c1.visible()
c1.setAutoRange()
 
h1 = H2D("2D histogram",25,-3.0, 3.0,25,-3.0, 3.0)
rand = Random()
for i in range(200):
     h1.fill(rand.nextGaussian(),rand.nextGaussian())
c1.draw(h1)
c1.export("jhplot3d.eps") # export to EPS Vector Graphics

This script can be run either using DataMelt IDE or using a stand-alone Jython after specifying classpath to DataMelt libraries. The output is shown bellow:

3D histogram

Groovy scripts[edit]

The same example can also be coded using Groovy programming language which is supported by DataMelt.

import java.util.Random
import jhplot.*
 
c1 = new HPlot3D("Canvas")  //  create an interactive canvas
c1.setGTitle("Global title")
c1.setNameX("X")
c1.setNameY("Y")
c1.visible()
c1.setAutoRange()
 
h1 = new H2D("2D histogram",25,-3.0, 3.0,25,-3.0, 3.0)
rand = Random()
for (i=0; i<200; i++){
     h1.fill(rand.nextGaussian(),rand.nextGaussian())
}
c1.draw(h1);
c1.export("jhplot3d.eps") // export to EPS Vector Graphics

Groovy is better integrated with Java and can be a factor three faster for long loops over primitives compared to Jython.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ HEP data analysis using jHepWork and Java. arXiv:0809.0840v2, ANL-HEP-CP-08-53 preprint. CERN preprint
  2. ^ S.V.Chekanov, Scientific Data analysis using Jython Scripting and Java. Book. 497p. (Springer-Verlag, 2010, ISBN 978-1-84996-286-5)
  3. ^ Klaus Rohe. "DataMelt – Werkbank für technisch-wissenschaftliche Berechnungen und Visualisierungen mit Java und Jython", Java SPEKTRUM Journal, 5/2013 (page 25-28)
  4. ^ jWork.ORG Community Portal focused on Java scientific software

Publications[edit]

External links[edit]