SDSS J0106-1000

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SDSS J0106-1000
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Cetus
Right ascension 01h 06m 57.399s[1]
Declination −10° 00′ 03.33″[1]
Distance 7,800 ly
pc)
Other designations
SDSS J010657.39-100003.3 , SDSS J0106-1000 , J0106-1000

SDSS J0106-1000 (full name: SDSS J010657.39-100003.3) is a binary star located about 7,800 light-years from Earth in the constellation Cetus.

This system consists of two white dwarfs orbiting about each other once every 39 minutes. As of 2011, its the shortest period detached binary white dwarf system known.[2] They are separated from each other by only 32% of the radius of the Sun, so that each dwarf is tidally distorting the other. Despite their proximity to each other, this does not form an eclipsing binary system because the inclination of the orbital plane to the line of sight to the Earth is about 67°± 13°. As the two orbit, they are emitting gravitational radiation, causing the two white dwarfs to gradually draw closer together. This will cause the two stars to merge in about 37 million years. Since their masses are 0.17 and 0.43 solar masses, the resulting combined mass will be 0.60 times the mass of the Sun. At this point they are expected to form a subdwarf B star that will begin generating energy through the nuclear fusion of helium.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "SDSS J010657.39-100003.3—White Dwarf". SIMBAD (Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg). Retrieved 2011-04-11. 
  2. ^ David Aguilar, Christine Pulliam (2011-04-06). "Two Dying Stars Reborn as One". SpaceRef. Retrieved 2011-04-10. 
  3. ^ Kilic, Mukremin; et al. (March 24, 2011). "The shortest period detached binary white dwarf system". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. arXiv:1103.2354. Bibcode:2011MNRAS.413L.101K. doi:10.1111/j.1745-3933.2011.01044.x.