SEAT León

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SEAT León
Seat Leon 1.4 TSI Start&Stop Style (III) – Frontansicht, 10. August 2013, Ratingen.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer SEAT
Production 1998–present
Assembly Martorell, Spain
Body and chassis
Class Small family car
Body style 3-door hatchback (2012–)
5-door hatchback
5-door estate (2013–)
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive / four-wheel-drive
Platform Volkswagen Group A series
Chronology
Predecessor SEAT Exeo (for León ST)

The SEAT León (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈse.at leˈon]) is a small family sports hatchback built by the Spanish car manufacturer SEAT since October 1998.[1]

The first two León generations used two differing variants of the Volkswagen Group A platform, and shared many components with other Volkswagen Group cars. The third generation uses the Volkswagen Group MQB platform, also used by the Audi A3 Mk3, Volkswagen Golf Mk7 and Škoda Octavia Mk3.

First generation (Typ 1M; 1999–2006)[edit]

SEAT León Mk1 (1M)
SEAT Leon Cupra Mk1-2.jpg
Overview
Production 1999 – May 2006
Assembly Martorell, Spain
Brussels, Belgium
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro
Body and chassis
Platform Volkswagen Group A4 (PQ34)
Related Audi A3 Mk1
Audi TT Mk1
Volkswagen Golf Mk4
Volkswagen Bora
Volkswagen New Beetle
SEAT Toledo Mk2
Škoda Octavia Mk1
Powertrain
Engine Petrol engines:
1.4 L I4 16v,
1.6 L I4 8v,
1.6 L I4 16v,
1.8 L I4 20v,
1.8 L I4 20v Turbo,
2.8 L VR6 24v
Diesel engines:
1.9 L I4 SDI,
1.9 L I4 TDI,
1.9 L I4 TDI PD
Transmission 4-speed automatic,
5-speed manual,
6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,513 mm (98.9 in)
Length 4,183 mm (164.7 in)
Width 1,742 mm (68.6 in)
Height 1,439 mm (56.7 in)
Kerb weight 1,210–1,628 kg (2,668–3,589 lb)
SEAT León Mk1, side view

The initial SEAT León (Volkswagen Group Typ 1M), launched in 1999,[2] available only as hatchback, and the related saloon version was known as the SEAT Toledo. It was based on the Volkswagen Group A4 (PQ34) platform and, as such, shared many components in common with other VW Group models such as the Volkswagen Golf Mk4, Bora and Audi A3. As SEAT's first C-segment model as part of the VW Group, the León Mk1 was marketed as a sportier and cheaper variant of the Golf. To reinforce the sporty image, the vehicle had slightly more aggressive looks. The more expensive versions were equipped with relatively more powerful internal combustion engines, along with firmer suspension to improve handling. In the interior, the dashboard was derived from that of the first-generation Audi A3.[3]

SEAT León Mk1 interior

Available engines were the 1.4 litre 16 valve petrol engine which produced a 55 kilowatts (75 PS; 74 bhp), a 1.6 litre 8 valve petrol engine 74 kilowatts (101 PS; 99 bhp) (replaced later with a 16 valve 77 kilowatts (105 PS; 103 bhp) unit), and included two variants of the Volkswagen Group's 20 valve turbocharged 1.8 litre powerplant, (with some countries also getting the 2.8 litre VR6 engine delivering 150 kilowatts (204 PS; 201 bhp). The original "León 20VT" (which later became known as the "Cupra" and then the "FR") had a 1.8 litre Turbo with 132 kilowatts (179 PS; 177 bhp), and the "León Cupra R" 154 kilowatts (209 PS; 207 bhp), later becoming 165 kilowatts (224 PS; 221 bhp).

In some countries, there was also a "Cupra 4"; equipped with a 2.8 litre VR6 delivering 150 kilowatts (204 PS; 201 bhp) and equipped with four-wheel drive (4WD), based on the same Haldex Traction multi-plate clutch as the Volkswagen Golf 4motion.[4]

SEAT León Mk1 TDI, rear view

A range of Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) diesel engines was available, including a 110 kilowatts (150 PS; 148 bhp) version of Volkswagen Group's 1.9 TDI engine, originally sold as a "Cupra 4 TDI", with 4WD, that was sold for one year only, and only in certain countries, then passed to "Evolution" series, then "Top Sport", and later rebranded as the "FR" ('Formula Racing'). In other countries the model was badged "Cupra" and then "FR" before a limited number of cars were fitted with the bodykit from the petrol powered "Cupra R" and named the "FR+". Lesser diesel versions were available with 66 kilowatts (90 PS; 89 bhp), 81 kilowatts (110 PS; 109 bhp) and 96 kilowatts (131 PS; 129 bhp) outputs.

SEAT León Mk1 instrument panel

All engines over 96 kilowatts (131 PS; 129 bhp) have a standard six-speed manual transmission. Rear suspension was by semi-independent torsion beam for most variants, whilst high-end and 4WD models were fitted with a multi-link independent rear suspension. All versions came with disc brakes on all four roadwheels (the front ventilated, and in some cars the rear too).

SEAT León Mk1 ABT

In Mexico, the León became a very popular car with upper class young people.[citation needed] The only problem the León has suffered in Mexico is the fact that the sport tuned suspension of the León is not designed to withstand the constant road imperfections such as potholes and speed bumps that abound in Mexican roads.

In Switzerland, there was another official version tuned by Abt Sportsline of the León called "SEAT León Cupra 4 Kompressor". This version had the same 4WD and 2.8 litre VR6 but with 206 kilowatts (280 PS; 276 bhp) and 323 newton metres (238 lbf·ft) of torque.[5][6][7]

SEAT León Mk1 Mossos d'Esquadra police car

Factory production of the Typ 1M ended in May 2006.[1] However, the appreciation for the SEAT León Cupra R Mk1's appeal remained clear - still up to the 'best hot hatchback of all time' poll conducted in 2010 by the British magazine Autocar, in which its readers honoured the Cupra R with the seventh position in the top ten list of hatchbacks of all time in their preferences.[8]

Awards[edit]

SEAT León Mk1 TDI engine compartment
  • 'Carro do Ano' (Car of the Year) award in 2001, in Portugal;[9]
  • 'Most Satisfactory Car of the Year 2007' in Poland, by the Polish magazine Auto Swiat.

Engine choices[edit]

The Typ 1M SEAT León was available with the following internal combustion engines, with most being shared from other marques of the Volkswagen Group:[1]

engine
designation
displacement, configuration,
valvetrain, fuel system
max. motive power
at rpm
max. torque
at rpm
engine ID
code(s)
dates
petrol engines
all multi-point electronic indirect fuel injection
1.4 16v 1390 cc inline-4
DOHC 16v
55 kW (75 PS; 74 bhp)
@ 5,000
126 N·m (93 lbf·ft)
@ 3,800
AHW; APE;
AUA; AXP; BCA
11/99–
10/05
1.6 1595 cc inline-4
SOHC 8v
74 kW (101 PS; 99 bhp)
@ 5,600
145 N·m (107 lbf·ft)
@ 3,800
AEH; AKL 08/99–
10/05
1.6 1595 cc inline-4
SOHC 8v
75 kW (102 PS; 101 bhp)
@ 5,600
148 N·m (109 lbf·ft)
@ 3,800
BFQ 10/05–
06/06
1.6 16v 1598 cc inline-4
DOHC 16v
77 kW (105 PS; 103 bhp)
@ 5,700
148 N·m (109 lbf·ft)
@ 4,500
AUS; AZD;
BCB
06/00–
06/06
1.8 20v 1781 cc inline-4
DOHC 20v
92 kW (125 PS; 123 bhp)
@ 6,000
170 N·m (125 lbf·ft)
@ 4,200
AGN; APG 11/99–
10/05
1.8 20vT
Cupra
1781 cc inline-4
DOHC 20v Turbo
132 kW (179 PS; 177 bhp)
@ 5,500
235 N·m (173 lbf·ft)
@ 1,950–5,000
AJQ; APP;
ARY; AUQ
08/99–
10/05
1.8 20vT
Cupra R
1781 cc inline-4
DOHC 20v Turbo
154 kW (209 PS; 207 bhp) 270 N·m (199 lbf·ft) AMK 05/02–
05/03
1.8 20vT
Cupra R
1781 cc inline-4
DOHC 20v Turbo
165 kW (224 PS; 221 bhp)
@ 5,900
280 N·m (207 lbf·ft)
@ 2,200–5,500
BAM 05/03–
06/06
2.8 VR6 24v
Cupra 4
2792 cc 15° VR6
DOHC 24v
150 kW (204 PS; 201 bhp)
@ 6,200
265 N·m (195 lbf·ft)
@ 3,400
AUE; BDE 10/00–
04/04
diesel engines
all direct injected
1.9 SDI 1896 cc inline-4 SOHC 8v,
VP37 distributor-type injection pump
50 kW (68 PS; 67 bhp)
@ 4,000
133 N·m (98 lbf·ft)
@ 1,800
AQM 06/00–
10/03
1.9 TDI 1896 cc inline-4 SOHC 8v,
VP37 distributor-type injection pump
66 kW (90 PS; 89 bhp)
@ 3,750
210 N·m (155 lbf·ft)
@ 1,900
AGR; ALH 11/99–
10/05
1.9 TDI 1896 cc inline-4 SOHC 8v,
Pumpe Düse Unit Injectors (PD)
74 kW (101 PS; 99 bhp)
@ 4,000
240 N·m (177 lbf·ft)
@ 1,800–2,400
AXR 10/05–
06/06
1.9 TDI 1896 cc inline-4 SOHC 8v,
VP37 distributor-type injection pump
81 kW (110 PS; 109 bhp)
@ 4,150
235 N·m (173 lbf·ft)
@ 1,900
AHF; ASV 10/99–
10/05
1.9 TDI 1896 cc inline-4 SOHC 8v,
Pumpe Düse unit injectors (PD)
96 kW (131 PS; 129 bhp)
@ 4,000
310 N·m (229 lbf·ft)
@ 1,900
ASZ 05/03–
06/06
1.9 TDI 1896 cc inline-4 SOHC 8v,
Pumpe Düse unit injectors (PD)
110 kW (150 PS; 148 bhp)
@ 4,000
320 N·m (236 lbf·ft)
@ 1,900
ARL 09/00–
12/05

Second generation (Typ 1P; 2005–2012)[edit]

SEAT León Mk2 (1P)
Seat Leon 1P FR Candyweiß.JPG
Overview
Production May 2005 – 2012 (2009 facelift)
Assembly Martorell, Spain
Designer Walter de Silva
Body and chassis
Platform Volkswagen Group A5 (PQ35)
Related Audi A3 Mk2
Audi TT Mk2
Volkswagen Golf Mk5
Volkswagen Golf Mk6
Volkswagen Golf Plus
Volkswagen Jetta Mk5
SEAT Toledo Mk3
SEAT Altea
Škoda Octavia Mk2
Powertrain
Engine Petrol engines:
1.2 L I4 16v TFSI,
1.4 L I4 16v,
1.4 L I4 16v TFSI,
1.6 L I4 8v,
1.8 L I4 16v TFSI,
2.0 L I4 16v FSI,
2.0 L I4 16v TFSI;
LPG engines:
1.6 LPG
Diesel engines:
1.6 L I4 TDI (planned for 2010)
1.9 L I4 TDI,
2.0 L I4 TDI
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
6-speed Direct-Shift Gearbox
7-speed Direct-Shift Gearbox
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,578 mm (101.5 in)
Length 4,315 mm (169.9 in)
Width 1,768 mm (69.6 in)
Height 1,459 mm (57.4 in)
Kerb weight 1,176–1,375 kg (2,593–3,031 lb)
SEAT León Mk2
SEAT León Cupra

The second generation León, Typ 1P, was released in 2005, with factory production commencing May 2005.[1] It is based on the Volkswagen Group A5 (PQ35) platform, most notably used by the Volkswagen Golf Mk5. It is built in Spain, and has a sharper exterior look with vertically parked windscreen wipers, and the external rear door handles more integrated, in a similar style to that seen on recent Alfa Romeo models. Design was handled by Walter de'Silva, and the car uses the same design style that started with the SEAT Altea.

The base model on offer is the new 16 valve 1.2 litre TSI petrol engine with 77 kilowatts (105 PS; 103 bhp).[10] In some markets (e.g. Greece and Italy), the León is available with a 1.4 litre MPI engine producing 63 kilowatts (86 PS; 84 bhp). The sportier variants begin with the 110 kilowatts (150 PS; 148 bhp) 2.0 litre Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) and the popular 103 kilowatts (140 PS; 138 bhp) 2.0 litre Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) diesel engine. Both are fitted with a standard six-speed manual transmission, with the six-speed or seven-speed Direct-Shift Gearbox (DSG) available as an option. A 136 kilowatts (185 PS; 182 bhp) variant of the 2.0 TFSI unique to the León was later introduced, but despite a low list price and rapid performance – attracted only minimal attention and average reviews, so this was later discontinued to make way for the sportier FR variants.

The first real sporty León within the new range is the León FR with twin-exhaust pipes to left rear, sport seats and gear stick with FR logo to distinguish it from lesser models, was introduced in June 2006, when it finally received the 147 kilowatts (200 PS; 197 bhp) 2.0 TFSI engine from the Volkswagen Golf Mk5 GTI, as well as a 125 kilowatts (170 PS; 168 bhp) variant of the 2.0 TDI unit featured in the Golf and Audi A3. Further standard equipment includes climate control air conditioning.

Next in the range is the 2.0 TFSI Cupra model. It features a 177 kilowatts (241 PS; 237 bhp) engine, and a 0-100 kilometres per hour (62.1 mph) time of 6.4 seconds. The Cupra comes with standard 18" 5 twin-spoke alloys, red brake calipers, and the standard Cupra oval exhaust, as well as new, unique paint finishes and bolstered sport seats complete with the Cupra logo. Also standard are drilled-aluminium sports pedals.

SEAT León Mk2 pre-facelift interior
SEAT León Mk2 pre-facelift instrument panel

At the top of the range is the 2.0 TFSI Cupra R. This uses the same 195 kilowatts (265 PS; 261 bhp) engine found in the Audi S3, Golf R and Scirocco R. Capable of 0–100 kilometres per hour (62.1 mph) in 6.2 seconds and a top speed limited to 250 kilometres per hour (155 mph).

From 2008, the K1 variant of the León Cupra was introduced in the UK, featuring extensively re-worked front and rear bumpers, side skirts, a more pronounced tailgate spoiler. It also gained a unique chrome-tipped, centrally-mounted, oval exhaust. The K1 is considered to be a limited edition model, as production was only for the year 2008–2009 and it only being available in the UK.

In 2009, the SEAT León Cupra was turned into a race car in the 'SEAT Cupra race' mobile game for Apple iPhone/iPod touch available through the iTunes' App store.[11]

Awards[edit]

SEAT León Mk2 Cupra police car
  • 'Red dot' award in 2006 [12]
  • 'Best Car of the Year 2009' for the import compact car segment in Germany, by the German magazine Auto-motor-und-sport[13]
  • 'Firmenauto des Jahres 2006', by the German magazine Firmenauto [14]
  • 'Car of the Year 2006' in Denmark [15]
  • 'Diesel Car of the Year 2006' in Scotland (for the 170 hp 2.0 TDI Leon FR) [16]
  • ‘Auto 1’ of the Year 2006 in Spain, by the ‘Auto Bild’ magazine
  • 'University Car of the Year 2007' in Spain, by Spanish university students [17]
  • 'Hellenic Car of the Year 2007' [18]
  • 'GTI of the Year 2006–2007' in Greece for the SEAT León Cupra, by the Greek magazine 4-Trohoi [19]

Special editions[edit]

Copa Edition[edit]

Mexican orange SEAT León Copa Edition

In 2008, SEAT Deutschland announced the production of 55 units of the SEAT León Copa Edition.[20] This limited edition is powered with 2.0 TFSI engine improved to 210 kilowatts (286 PS; 282 bhp) of maximum power, and 360 newton metres (266 lbf·ft). Maximum speed is 255 kilometres per hour (158.4 mph) and 0-100 km/h (62.1 mph) time is 5.9 seconds.[21] The suspension is an Eibach[disambiguation needed] derived from the León Supercopa, and the brakes have been improved to cope with the enhanced performance from the uprated engine. In addition, the car includes xenon HID headlights, 18 inch wheels and a spoiler with larger air intakes.[22] The car colour is white with black stripes.

SEAT México announced the production of 100 units of the Copa Edition in orange colour with black stripes in September 2008.[23] The Mexican version has a sunroof, whilst the European León Copa does not.

Streetcopa and World Champion Edition[edit]

At the 2008 Geneva Auto Show, the León Streetcopa limited edition was released. It was a similar edition of León Copa Edition with some changes, designed for the Swiss market and limited to 200 units.[24][25] Lately, after SEAT won World Touring Car Championship, SEAT Schweiz released a facelifted version called León World Champion Edition, also limited to 200 units.[26]

SEAT León Mk2 Cupra facelift

Cupra 310 Limited Edition[edit]

SEAT Nederland announces the production of León Cupra 310 Limited Edition, with 2.0 TFSI engine upgraded to 228 kilowatts (310 PS; 306 bhp) of maximum power and 425 newton metres (313 lbf·ft).[27] The production has limited to 100 units.[28]

SEAT León Cupra Pies Descalzos

It comes only in Candy white or Infiri black. The Cupra 310 Limited Edition features beside the OEM Cupra equipment an engine management remapping by Abt Sportsline, black Orion-alloy wheels, an alarm system, bluetooth connectivity and special 310 Limited Edition badges on the sides and the rear hatch. There are also stainless decals inside the front door frames displaying the 310 Ltd logo. A badge on the dashboard displays the serial number, and the car is delivered with a key ring to match. Full factory warranty is retained with the power increase that increases the top speed to 259 kilometres per hour (160.9 mph).

Cupra Pies Descalzos[edit]

In 2007, SEAT prepared a sole car customized by Shakira. This car was auctioned, and the benefits went to the charity through Pies Descalzos Foundation. Mechanically, it is the same car as the León Cupra.

León Twin Drive concepts[edit]

SEAT has produced two versions of the Twin Drive prototype. Initially announced in May 2009[29] as a diesel/battery hybrid, the León Twin Drive Ecomotive is a series plug-in hybrid, powered by an electric motor, through lithium-ion batteries chargeable at a regular electrical socket, in combination with a diesel-powered internal combustion engine.[30] The Twin Drive Ecomotive project is a first step towards a 100% electric car and is planned to go for production in 2014.[31]

The Twin Drive Ecomotive as a plug-in hybrid vehicle powered through the combination of both a diesel engine and an electric motor.[32] The vehicle's electric motor has an output of 35 KW and a self-imposed top speed of 100 km/h, and resumes power from Li-ion batteries placed at the rear of the vehicle, giving it a range of about 50 km for short urban circuits, while for longer trips the environmentally friendly tuned combustion engine is used. Quick battery recharging process from the mains through regular power sockets features.[33]

In 2011, a revised version of the Twin Drive was shown to the press, with a 1.4TSI petrol engine producing 113 bhp (84 kW; 115 PS) in addition to a 40 bhp (30 kW; 41 PS) generator and an electric motor of 113 bhp (84 kW; 115 PS), producing a combined limited output of 161 bhp (120 kW; 163 PS) and emitting a low 39g/km of CO2, with production now estimated in 2015.[34]

Engine specifications[edit]

The Typ 1P SEAT León is available with the following internal combustion engines, and like the previous generation, many are shared from other marques of the Volkswagen Group:[1]

all available internal combustion engines are inline four cylinder (I4) four-stroke designs
engine
designation / model
engine
displacement
valvetrain,
fuel system
max. motive power
at rpm
max. torque
at rpm
engine ID
code(s)
dates
petrol engines
all fuel injected
1.2 TSI 1197 cc 8v SOHC
Fuel Stratified Injection
77 kW (105 PS; 103 bhp)
@ 5,000 rpm
175 N·m (129 lbf·ft)
@ 1,550–5100 rpm
CBZ 2010–
present
1.4 1390 cc 16v DOHC
multi-point fuel injection
63 kW (86 PS; 84 bhp)
@ 5,000 rpm
130 N·m (96 lbf·ft)
@ 3,600 rpm
BXW/CGG 2007–
present
1.4 TSI 1390 cc 16v DOHC
Fuel Stratified Injection
92 kW (125 PS; 123 bhp)
@ 5,600 rpm
200 N·m (148 lbf·ft)
@ 1,500–4,000 rpm
CAXC 2007–
present
1.6 1595 cc 8v SOHC
multi-point fuel injection
75 kW (102 PS; 101 bhp)
@ 5,600 rpm
148 N·m (109 lbf·ft)
@ 3,800 rpm
BSE/
BSF/CCSA
2005–
present
1.8 TSI 1798 cc 16v DOHC
Fuel Stratified Injection
118 kW (160 PS; 158 bhp)
@ 4,500–6,200 rpm
250 N·m (184 lbf·ft)
@ 1,500–4,500 rpm
BZB/
CDAA
2007–
present
2.0 FSI 1984 cc 16v DOHC
Fuel Stratified Injection
110 kW (150 PS; 148 bhp)
@ 6,000 rpm
200 N·m (148 lbf·ft)
@ 3,500 rpm
BLR/BLY
BVY/BVZ
2005–
2009
2.0 TFSI 1984 cc 16v DOHC
Fuel Stratified Injection
136 kW (185 PS; 182 bhp)
@ 5,100–6,000 rpm
270 N·m (199 lbf·ft)
@ 1,800–5,000 rpm
BWA 2005–
2006
2.0 TFSI (TSI)
FR
1984 cc 16v DOHC
Fuel Stratified Injection
147 kW (200 PS; 197 bhp)
@ 5,100–6,000 rpm
280 N·m (207 lbf·ft)
@ 1,800–5,000 rpm
BWA 2006–
2009
2.0 TSI
FR
1984 cc 16v DOHC
Fuel Stratified Injection
154 kW (209 PS; 207 bhp)
@ 5,300–6,200 rpm
280 N·m (207 lbf·ft)
@ 1,700–5,200 rpm
CCZB/
CAWB
2009–
present
2.0 TFSI
Cupra
1984 cc 16v DOHC
Fuel Stratified Injection
177 kW (241 PS; 237 bhp)
@ 5,700–6,300 rpm
320 N·m (236 lbf·ft)
@ 2,200–5,500 rpm
BWJ 2006–
present
2.0 TFSI
Cupra R
1984 cc 16v DOHC
Fuel Stratified Injection
195 kW (265 PS; 261 bhp)
@ 6,000 rpm
350 N·m (258 lbf·ft)
@ 2,500–5,000 rpm
CDLA 2009–
present
2.0 TFSI
Copa Edition
1984 cc 16v DOHC
Fuel Stratified Injection
210 kW (286 PS; 282 bhp)
@ 6,000 rpm
360 N·m (266 lbf·ft)
@ 2,500 rpm
N/A
(EA113)
2008–
present
2.0 TFSI
Cupra 310 Limited Edition
1984 cc 16v DOHC
Fuel Stratified Injection
228 kW (310 PS; 306 bhp)
@ 6,000 rpm
425 N·m (313 lbf·ft)
@ 3,000–5,000 rpm
N/A
(EA113)
2008–
2009
Liquefied Petroleum Gas engines
(LPG)
1.6 LPG 1595 cc 75 kW (102 PS; 101 bhp)
@ 5,600 rpm
148 N·m (109 lbf·ft)
@ 3,800 rpm
CHG 2009–
present
diesel engines
all Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI)
1.6 TDI DPF 1598 cc 16v DOHC
common rail
77 kW (105 PS; 103 bhp)
@ 4,400 rpm
250 N·m (184 lbf·ft)
@ 1,500–2,500 rpm
CAYC planned
for 2010
1.9 TDI 1896 cc 8v SOHC
Pumpe Düse Unit Injector
66 kW (90 PS; 89 bhp)
@ 4,000 rpm
210 N·m (155 lbf·ft)
@ 1,800–2,500 rpm
BXF 2007–
present
1.9 TDI 1896 cc 8v SOHC
Pumpe Düse Unit Injector
77 kW (105 PS; 103 bhp)
@ 4,000 rpm
250 N·m (184 lbf·ft)
@ 1,900 rpm
BKC/BLS
BXE
2005–
present
2.0 TDI 1968 cc 16v DOHC
Pumpe Düse Unit Injector
100 kW (136 PS; 134 bhp)
@ 4,000 rpm
320 N·m (236 lbf·ft)
@ 1,750–2,500 rpm
AZV 2005–
2007
2.0 TDI 1968 cc 16v DOHC
Pumpe Düse Unit Injector
103 kW (140 PS; 138 bhp)
@ 4,000 rpm
320 N·m (236 lbf·ft)
@ 1,750–2,500 rpm
BKD 2005–
present
2.0 TDI DPF 1968 cc 8v SOHC
Pumpe Düse Unit Injector
103 kW (140 PS; 138 bhp)
@ 4,000 rpm
320 N·m (236 lbf·ft)
@ 1,750–2,500 rpm
BMM 2006–
present
2.0 TDI DPF 1968 cc 16v DOHC
common rail
103 kW (140 PS; 138 bhp)
@ 4,200 rpm
320 N·m (236 lbf·ft)
@ 1,750–2,500 rpm
CBDB planned
for 2010
2.0 TDI DPF
FR
1968 cc 16v DOHC
Pumpe Düse Unit Injector
125 kW (170 PS; 168 bhp)
@ 4,200 rpm
350 N·m (258 lbf·ft)
@ 1,750–2,500 rpm
BMN 2006–
2009
2.0 TDI DPF
FR
1968 cc 16v DOHC
common rail
125 kW (170 PS; 168 bhp)
@ 4,200 rpm
350 N·m (258 lbf·ft)
@ 1,750–2,500 rpm
CEGA 2009–
present

A flexible-fuel vehicle model is also on offer under the label "MultiFuel", featuring the 1.6 MPI E85 102 bhp engine.[35]

See also[edit]

Third generation (Typ 5F; 2012–)[edit]

SEAT León Mk3
Seat - Leon - Mondial de l'Automobile de Paris 2012 - 001.jpg
Overview
Production 2012–
Designer Alejandro Mesonero-Romanos
Body and chassis
Platform Volkswagen Group MQB
Related Audi A3 Mk3
Volkswagen Golf Mk7
Škoda Octavia Mk3
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L I4 t/c petrol
1.4 L I4 t/c petrol
1.8 L I4 t/c petrol
2.0 L I4 t/c petrol
1.6 L I4 t/c diesel
2.0 L I4 t/c diesel
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
6-speed automatic
7-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,636 mm (103.8 in)
Length 4,265 mm (167.9 in)
SEAT León Mk3 rear view
SEAT León Mk3 interior
SEAT León ST (2014)

The third generation of the León is based on the Volkswagen Group's latest MQB platform.[36]

Compared to the previous generation, the León Mk3 is shorter by 5 cm (2 in) and lighter by up to 90 kilograms; however, because of its extended by 5.8 cm (2.3 in) wheelbase it has a roomier cabin, with greater shoulder room for the front and rear passengers, more rear legroom and 380 litres (13 cu ft) of boot space.

It features new safety equipment, such as driver knee airbag, and a number of new safety systems, including (often as standard) a multi-collision braking system to automatically brake the car after an accident in order to avoid a second collision, a lane-keeping assistant, and driver fatigue detection. The braking system includes a hill-start assistant.

In the interior, there is a driver-oriented centre console hosting a 5.8-inch touch-screen infotainment display with some models featuring a proximity sensor, also used in the Volkswagen Golf, as well as ambient lighting.

A new feature available for the first time in its class are the optional full-LED headlamps combined with a full beam assistant, offering numerous advantages as the improved illumination with a close to the daylight colour temperature, the low energy consumption and their extended life cycle. Front fog lights can include a cornering feature.

The higher specification also have a new "SEAT Drive Profile" system which allows the driver to choose between four different driving settings: eco, normal, sport, and an individual setting. This system controls the behaviour of the engine, steering, and DSG gearbox. Additionally, the 1.8 TSI 180PS and 2.0 TDI 184PS engine-equipped models will vary their engine sound via a sound actuator, as well as their interior ambient lighting between white (normal, eco and individual) and red (sport).[37]

SEAT announced in early 2012 that the range will include for the first time three-door and estate models in addition to a five-door.[38]

In September 2013, SEAT officially unveiled the Leon ST (estate model) at the Frankfurt Motor Show.[39] The Leon ST extends the Leon's maximum load capacity to 1470 litres and is available in Europe in three different versions and eleven different engine options.[40] On the 23 June, SEAT revealed an off-road version of the Léon ST called the X-PERIENCE.

Safety[edit]

In 2012, the SEAT León Mk3 was tested for its safety performance under the Euro NCAP assessment scheme and it achieved a 5-star overall rating:[41]

Test Score Points
Overall: 5/5 stars N/A
Adult occupant: 91% 30
Child occupant: 88% 40
Pedestrian: 70% 25
Safety assist: 71% 5

Awards[edit]

  • Euro NCAP advanced reward for SEAT’s Multi Collision Brake system [42]
  • Euro NCAP advanced reward for SEAT’s Lane Assist system [43]

Engine specifications[edit]

The Typ 5F SEAT León is available with the following internal combustion engines all featuring direct injection and turbocharging, and like the previous generations they are shared with other marques of the Volkswagen Group:[1][44][45]

all available internal combustion engines are inline four cylinder (I4) four-stroke designs
engine
designation / model
engine
displacement
valvetrain,
fuel system
max. motive power
at rpm
max. torque
at rpm
engine ID
code(s)
dates
petrol engines
all Turbocharged Fuel Stratified Injection (TSI)
1.2 TSI 1197 cc 16v
Fuel Stratified Injection
63 kW (86 PS; 84 bhp)
@ 4,300-5,300 rpm
160 N·m (118 lbf·ft)
@ 1,400-3,500 rpm
2012–
present
1.2 TSI 1197 cc 16v
Fuel Stratified Injection
77 kW (105 PS; 103 bhp)
@ 4,500-5,500 rpm
175 N·m (129 lbf·ft)
@ 1,400-4,000 rpm
2012–
present
1.4 TSI 1395 cc 16v
Fuel Stratified Injection
90 kW (122 PS; 121 bhp)
@ 5,000-6,000 rpm
200 N·m (148 lbf·ft)
@ 1,400-4,000 rpm
2012–
present
1.4 TSI 1395 cc 16v
Fuel Stratified Injection
103 kW (140 PS; 138 bhp)
@ 4,500-6,000 rpm
250 N·m (184 lbf·ft)
@ 1,500-3,500 rpm
2012–
present
1.8 TSI 1798 cc 16v
Fuel Stratified Injection
132 kW (179 PS; 177 bhp)
@ 4,000-6,200 rpm
250 N·m (184 lbf·ft)
@ 1,500-3,900 rpm
2013–
present
2.0 TSI 1984 cc 16v
Fuel Stratified Injection
195 kW (265 PS; 261 bhp)
@ 5,350-6,600 rpm
350 N·m (258 lbf·ft)
@ 1,750-5,300 rpm
2014–
present
2.0 TSI 1984 cc 16v
Fuel Stratified Injection
206 kW (280 PS; 276 bhp)
@ 5,350-6,600 rpm
350 N·m (258 lbf·ft)
@ 1,750-5,300 rpm
2014–
present
diesel engines
all Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI)
1.6 TDI 1598 cc 16v 66 kW (90 PS; 89 bhp)
@ 2,750-4,800 rpm
230 N·m (170 lbf·ft)
@ 1,400-2,750 rpm
CAYB 2012–
present
1.6 TDI 1598 cc 16v 77 kW (105 PS; 103 bhp)
@ 3,000-4,000 rpm
250 N·m (184 lbf·ft)
@ 1,500-2,750 rpm
CAYC 2012–
present
2.0 TDI 1968 cc 16v 110 kW (150 PS; 148 bhp)
@ 3,500-4,000 rpm
320 N·m (236 lbf·ft)
@ 1,750-3,000 rpm
CRBC 2012–
present
2.0 TDI 1968 cc 16v 135 kW (184 PS; 181 bhp)
@ 4,000 rpm
380 N·m (280 lbf·ft)
@ 1,750-3,000 rpm
CUNA 2013–
present

SEAT León in motorsport[edit]

SEAT León Mk1 race car

The first generation SEAT León Cupra R was the basis of a one-make trophy, the SEAT León Supercopa. It operated in Spain, UK, Germany and Turkey from 2003. The car was developed by SEAT Sport and power was raised to 184 kilowatts (250 PS; 247 bhp). An "International Masters" final, featuring the best four drivers from each national series, was introduced in October 2005, as a support race for the Spanish GT Championship's final round at Montmeló. A TDI-powered version has raced in the ECTS, an Italian-based endurance series for touring cars.

SEAT León Mk2 WTCC race car

During 2005, SEAT introduced the second generation León into the World Touring Car Championship (WTCC) to replace the Toledo Cupra which it had raced in the early rounds of the title. The car features several modifications, including a racing engine that develops over 191 kW (260 PS; 256 bhp), a Hewland sequential-shift gearbox (unrelated to the DSG), and an aerodynamic package for increased downforce (with its hatchback shape, the León is disavantaged against conventional three-box saloons). Minimum weight is 1,140 kilograms (2,513.3 lb) with driver. SEAT Sport, in partnership with Oreca, runs six cars in the WTCC. Two other cars are run by SEAT Sport UK (Northern South) based in Northampton, UK in the British Touring Car Championship (BTCC). A further two cars are run by SEAT Sport Italia in the Italia Superturismo Championship.

In 2006, the Supercopa León was replaced by the new shape León. The car is potentially faster than the WTCC version, as it features a turbocharged 2.0 litre engine, with over 221 kW (300 PS; 296 bhp), increased torque, the DSG gearbox, better aerodynamics (it includes the WTCC car's front and rear spoilers, plus a venturi tunnel under the car, instead of a flat bottom), and 18 inch wheels, instead of the mandatory 17 inch wheels from the WTCC.

For 2007, the SEAT Cupra Championship in the UK (part of the TOCA Package) will run both 'New León' Cupra Race cars with 221 kilowatts (300 PS; 296 bhp), as well as the Mk1 León Cupra R race car with 184 kilowatts (250 PS; 247 bhp).

The SEAT León Eurocup began in 2008 as a support series for the World Touring Car Championship.

In 2008, Yvan Muller won the FIA World Touring Car Championship for Drivers at the wheel of a León TDI, and SEAT won the Manufacturers' title.

In 2009, Gabriele Tarquini became the Drivers' Champion with the León TDI, and SEAT won the Manufacturers' title for a second consecutive year.

Summary[edit]

Year Championship Result
2006 British Touring Car Championship 1 (Manufacturers)
2006 Italian Superturismo Championship 1 (Drivers)
2007 British Touring Car Championship 1 (Teams)
2007 Danish Touringcar Championship 1
2008 World Touring Car Championship 1
2009 World Touring Car Championship 1
2012 Russian Touring Car Championship 3

Sales and production figures[edit]

Since its launch in 1999, more than 1 million SEAT León cars have been produced and sold in its three generations up to the present, made in SEAT's Martorell plant and other Volkswagen Group's factories.

In the year 2011, the total annual retail sales number of SEAT León cars was 77,075 vehicles,[46] while the annual production of vehicles came up to 80,736 units.

The total production per year of SEAT León cars, manufactured in SEAT and other Volkswagen Group's plants, is shown in the following table :

model 1999
[47]
2000
[48]
2001
[49]
2002
[50]
2003
[51]
2004
[52]
2005
[53]
2006
[54]
2007
[55]
2008
[56]
2009
[57]
2010
[58]
2011
[59]
2012
[60]
2013
[61]
SEAT León
Total annual production
6,080 93,123 91,939 93,606 96,536 90,850 98,130 126,511 120,630 96,761 66,368 79,462 80,736 71,295 114,568

References[edit]

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External links[edit]