The LNG plant was ordered in 2000 and the construction works started in September 2001. The complex came on-stream in December 2004 and the first cargo was load on 20 January 2005. When SEGAS LNG became operational, it was the largest single train LNG plant in the world.
On 28 March 2005. Eni, BP, and EGAS signed a memorandum of understanding of construction of the second train. On 19 June 2006, partners signed the framework agreement for the expansion of the capacity of the LNG plant to 10 million tonnes per year. It was planned to be supplied from the Satis gas discovery in the offshore Nile Delta. However, the plan was postponed due limited gas reserves and increased domestic demand in Egypt.
The output capacity of the plant is 5 million tons of LNG per year. The initial capacity was designed to be 5.5 million tons of LNG per year. The complex includes the LNG liquefaction train, inlet gas reception area (metering and analysis), natural gas liquids removal and fractionation area, a docking jetty for tanker loading and transportation, LNG refrigerated storage and export facilities (tanks and booms), utilities and supporting infrastructure (power, water and roads), gas metering and treatment facilities (acid gas removal and dehydration), refrigerant condensate and LNG storage (two 150,000 m³ PC LNG storage tanks). The total investment costs of the LNG complex were around US$1.3 billion.
The Damietta LNG complex was designed by KBR and constructed by KBR, JGC Corporation, M. W. Kellogg Limited and Técnicas Reunidas. Saipem constructed storage tanks while Dodsal Pte Ltd was the subcontractor responsible for the construction of the mechanical works of LNG train.
The plant is supplied by natural gas from the West Delta Deep Marine (WDDM) Concession Area about 140 kilometres (90 mi) from the LNG complex. It is supplied by the Egyptian Natural Gas Company Holding (EGAS).
Produced LNG is exported mainly to the Spanish market via a new receiving terminal at Sagunto. 3.2 million tons of LNG per year is taken by Unión Fenosa Gas. Rest of the LNG is sold by Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company.
In mid 2013 the LNG complex was temporarily shut due the lack of natural gas. The gas that had acted as feedstock for the plant has been diverted to maintain gas supply to Cairo. It is currently unknown as to when (or whether) the plant may be restarted.
The LNG complex is operated by SEGAS, which is controlled by Unión Fenosa Gas, a joint venture of Unión Fenosa and Eni. Unión Fenosa Gas owns 80% of SEGAS shares. Minor share holders are the Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company (EGAS - 10%) and the Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation (EGPC – 10%).
- "SEGAS Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Complex, Damietta, Egypt". Hydrocarbons Technology. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- "Egypt's SEGAS LNG Startup" (Press release). EGAS. January 2005. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- "ENI Inks Deal with Egypt for 2nd LNG Train in Damietta". Eni (Downstream Today). 2005-03-28. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- "BP signs Damietta framework deal". Upstream Online (NHST Media Group). 2006-06-19. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- "Cairo puts Damietta train 2 on ice". Upstream Online (NHST Media Group). 2009-10-29. Retrieved 2010-06-17.
- "Egypt Overview". EIA. 2013-07-31. Retrieved 2014-04-30.
- "EGAS, EGPC, Union Fenosa Gas & SEGAS sign Agreements in relation to the Damietta LNG plant". Oil Egypt. 2003-06-30. Retrieved 2008-02-13.