Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
|This article relies on references to primary sources. (March 2009)|
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) is an independent international institute in Sweden, dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament. Established in 1966, SIPRI provides data, analysis and recommendations, based on open source, to policymakers, researchers, media and the interested public.
In the University of Pennsylvania’s 2013 Global Go To Think Tanks Report, SIPRI is ranked the fifth most influential think tank in the world, after the Brookings Institution, Chatham House, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Center for Strategic and International Studies.
- 1 History
- 2 Organisation
- 3 Research
- 4 Publications and Information
- 5 Finances
- 6 SIPRI North America
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
In 1964, Prime Minister Tage Erlander of Sweden put forward the idea of establishing a peace research institute to commemorate Sweden's 150 years of unbroken peace.
A Swedish Royal Commission chaired by Ambassador Alva Myrdal proposed in its 1966 report to establish an institute, later named the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, SIPRI. The Institute's research should seek to contribute to 'the understanding of the preconditions for a stable peace and for peaceful solutions of international conflicts' and the Commission recommended that research be concentrated on armaments, their limitation and reduction, and arms control. The Commission also recommended that SIPRI work be of 'an applied research character directed towards practical-political questions [which] should be carried on in a constant interchange with research of a more theoretical kind'.
SIPRI has built its reputation and standing on competence, professional skills, and the collection of hard data and precise facts, rendering accessible impartial information on weapon developments, arms transfers and production, military expenditure, as well as on arms limitations, reductions and disarmament. The task of the Institute is to conduct 'scientific research on questions of conflict and cooperation of importance for international peace and security with the aim of contributing to an understanding of the conditions for peaceful solution of international conflicts and for a stable peace'.
The Swedish Parliament decided that the Institute be established on 1 July 1966 with the legal status of an independent foundation. All SIPRI research is based exclusively on open sources.
SIPRI’s organisation consists of a Governing Board, Director, Deputy Director, Research Staff Collegium and support staff. An Advisory Committee serves as a consultative body to the Institute. The Governing Board takes decisions on important matters concerning the research agenda, activities, organisation and financial administration of the Institute. Other matters are decided by the Director. The Research Staff Collegium advises the Director on research matters. The staff of about 50 persons is international. The researchers are recruited for a specific project period and represent various academic disciplines. Located in Sweden, the Institute offers a unique platform for researchers from different countries to work in close cooperation. The Institute also hosts guest researchers who work on issues related to the SIPRI research programme. Although SIPRI is not a teaching institute, it receives interns whose programmes of study can contribute to and benefit from SIPRI’s research. Contacts are maintained with other research centres and individual researchers throughout the world. SIPRI cooperates closely with several intergovernmental organisations, notably the United Nations and the European Union, and regularly receives parliamentary, scientific and government delegations as well as visiting researchers. Frequent contacts are maintained with diplomatic missions in Stockholm and with Swedish research centres.
Current members of the Governing Board:
- Göran Lennmarker (Sweden), Chairman since September 2010
- Dewi Fortuna Anwar (Indonesia), Director for Program and Research, The Habibie Center
- Vladimir Baranovsky (Russia), Deputy Director, IMEMO (Institute of World Economy and International Relations)
- Ambassador Lakhdar Brahimi (France), Former United Nations Special Adviser to the Secretary-General
- Jayantha Dhanapala (Sri Lanka), President, Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs and former Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations for Disarmament Affairs
- Susan Eisenhower (USA), President, Eisenhower Institute
- Tilman Brück (Germany), Director designate, SIPRI
- Wolfgang Ischinger, (Germany), Chairman, Munich Security Conference and Global Head of Government Relations, Allianz SE
- Mary Kaldor (United Kingdom), Co-Director, Centre for the Study of Global Governance, London School of Economics
Former Governing Board Chairpersons:
- Alva Myrdal (1966–67)
- Gunnar Myrdal (1967–73)
- Rolf Edberg (1974–78)
- Hans Blix (1978)
- Karin Söder (1978–79)
- Rolf Björnerstedt (1979–85)
- Ernst Michanek (1985–87)
- Inga Thorsson (1987–91)
- Daniel Tarschys (1992–2000)
- Rolf Ekeus (2000–2010)
The Director, who is appointed by the Swedish Government, has the main responsibility for SIPRI's work programme. Dr Bates Gill served as SIPRI Director from 2007–2012. In September 2012, the Swedish Government appointed the German economist Tilman Brück as his successor. Brück took up the position of SIPRI Director in January 2013.
Former SIPRI Directors:
- Robert Neild (United Kingdom, 1967–1971)
- Frank Barnaby (United Kingdom, 1971–1981)
- Frank Blackaby (United Kingdom, 1981–1986)
- Walther Stützle (Germany, 1986–1991)
- Adam Daniel Rotfeld (Poland, 1991–2002)
- Alyson Bailes (United Kingdom, 2002–2007)
- Bates Gill (United States, 2007–2012)
The Deputy Director is appointed by the Governing Board from Swedish candidates. SIPRI's current Deputy Director is Jakob Hallgren.
Former SIPRI Deputy Directors:
- Örjan Berner (1966–67)
- Dr Rolf Björnerstedt (1967–68)
- Jan Mårtensson (1968–69)
- Sven Hirdman (1969–72)
- Bo Heinebäck (1972–75)
- Carl-Magnus Hyltenius (1975–78)
- Arne Kjellstrand (1978–80)
- Sven-Göran Henricsson (1982–84)
- Gustaf Stjernberg (1984–87)
- Madeleine Ströje-Wilkens (1988–90)
- Ove Svensson (1992–93)
- Jan Svedman (1995–98)
- Birgitta Alani (1998–2002)
- Dr Christer Ahlström (2002–2005)
- Daniel Nord (2005–2012)
Research is conducted at SIPRI by an international staff of about 40 researchers and research assistants. The Institute’s current research programme centres on the following projects:
- The SIPRI Yearbook 
- Euro-Atlantic Security and Arms Control
- Armed Conflict and Conflict Management
- Non-Proliferation and Export Controls
- Chemical and Biological Warfare
- Military Expenditure and Arms Production 
- Arms Transfers 
- IT Projects: 'Facts on International Relations and Security Trends' and 'An Internet-Based Early Warning Indicators System for Preventive Policy'
Within these fields of study, workshops, conferences, seminars and lectures are organised in order to bring together a broad spectrum of expertise and to exchange views on subjects studied at the Institute. SIPRI research projects maintain large databases on military expenditure, arms-producing industries, arms transfers, chemical and biological warfare, national and international export controls, arms control agreements, annual chronologies of major arms control events, military manoeuvres and nuclear explosions. SIPRI hosts the FIRST (Facts on International Relations and Security Trends) online database of security-relevant information at http://first.sipri.org.
The datasets provided by SIPRI, especially on military expenditure, have been criticised for containing errors.
Publications and Information
SIPRI’s publications and information material are distributed to a wide range of policy makers, researchers, journalists, organisations and the interested public. The results of the research are disseminated through the publication of books and reports by SIPRI and commissioned authors as well as through symposia and seminars. The Institute has forged its profile by concentrating on present-day realities, providing unbiased facts to states and individuals. SIPRI’s main publication, the SIPRI Yearbook, was first published on 12 November 1969. The Yearbook serves as a single authoritative and independent source to which politicians, diplomats and journalists can turn for an account of what has happened during the past year in armaments and arms control, armed conflicts and conflict resolution, security arrangements and disarmament. It is translated into a number of other languages, notably Russian, Ukrainian, Chinese and Arabic.
- SIPRI Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security
- SIPRI Monographs
- SIPRI Research Reports
- SIPRI Chemical & Biological warfare Studies
- SIPRI Policy Papers
- SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security
- SIPRI Fact Sheets and Policy Briefs
- Multi-author volumes
- Pocket-size summaries of the Yearbook in English and a number of other languages
SIPRI's financial support is primarily drawn from governments and independent philanthropic organisations around the world. SIPRI also receives annual support from the Swedish government in the form of a core grant approved by the Swedish parliament.
SIPRI North America
SIPRI North America is the new Washington D.C. based research center for the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). SIPRI North America's aim is to increase different global perspectives to security and foreign policy debates across North America and strengthen cooperation between SIPRI and its transatlantic partners. The center was officially launched at the House of Sweden in Washington D.C. on February 6, 2012. The first Executive Director of SIPRI North America is Dr. Chantal de Jonge Oudraat.
SIPRI North America's Mission
- strengthen SIPRI's research on conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament;
- enhance connections between North American, European and international researchers and policymakers;
- bring independent, innovative, and international perspectives to bear on 21st century security and conflict challenges;
- provide a new platform for engaging scholars, analysts, policymakers, practitioners, journalists, and the public around the world on global issues.
Initial areas of focus
- Arms control and non-proliferation
- Global health and security
- Regional security challenges-with an emphasis on the Eurasia and the wider [Central Asia] region
- Women, war and peace
SIPRI North America is an active participant in the U.S. Civil Society Working Group on Women, Peace and Security. The group was established in July 2010 to create greater awareness of UN Security Council Resolution 1325  (2000) on Women, Peace and Security and to provide guidance to the US Government in the development and implementation of the US National Action Plan. The Group is composed of over 20 civil society organisations. For more information on member organisations go here.
Peace Research Institutes
- Peace Research Institute Frankfurt
- Bonn International Center for Conversion
- International Peace Research Institute, Oslo
- Journal of Peace Research
- Tami Steinmetz Center for Peace Research
- List of countries by military expenditures
- Military budget of the People's Republic of China
- Military budget of the United States
- University of Pennsylvania 2013 Global Go To Think Tanks Ranking Released 22 January 2014
- "Bates Gill new SIPRI Director" (Press release). Swedish Government. 15 March 2007. Retrieved 15 March 2012.
- "SIPRI welcomes new Director" (Press release). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. 20 September 2007. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
- "List of SIPRI Publications". SIPRI. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
- "SIPRI Launch". Embassy of Sweden. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
- "The U.S. National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security". United States Institute of Peace. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
- "UNSCR 13325". United Nations Security Council. 31 October 2000. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
- "United States National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security". White House. December 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2012.